Wall coverings for interior decoration: types, characteristics

When repairing any premises, there is no need to avoid the need for wall finishing. To this end, today there are many materials that have different characteristics and require the use of a specific application technology, gluing or mounting. If you started a renovation of one of the rooms in your apartment or house, then the article will be useful to you.

Wall coverings: types

Coatings for walls are presented today in a wide variety. Among them, it should be noted:

  • Tiles,
  • wallpaper,
  • Paint,
  • Decorative plaster,
  • Panel.

Quite often, an artificial decorative stone is used for decorating walls. With its help in the interior, you can identify individual zones. As for ceramic tiles, it is distinguished by its durability, practicality and durability. Most often used for finishing kitchens, bathrooms, toilets. For living rooms, children's rooms and bedrooms, actual wallpaper, which is to this day one of the most common ways of finishing the walls.

For the kitchen, for example, it is better to prefer a vinyl variety of this material. For the bedroom, paper wallpapers that are environmentally friendly will be an excellent solution. Washable wallpaper can be glued even in the bathroom. It's easy to take care of them, and their lifespan is much longer than traditional counterparts.

Varieties of plaster

Wall coverings are also decorative plaster. It is classified into several varieties, among which:

  • Water-based formulations;
  • Structural mixtures;
  • Venetian plaster;
  • Polymeric;
  • Silicate-silicone;
  • Phlox;
  • Calc-and-sand;
  • On the basis of marble chips;
  • On anhydrous basis.

Technical characteristics of plastering "Bark beetle"

One of the claimed types of decorative plaster is "Crown 2. In the case of Ceresit CT 35, the grain size in this composition varies from 2.5 to 3.5 mm.As for the density of the dry mix, it is approximately equal to 1, 4 kg / dm 3. It is necessary to mix up such a volume of composition that you can work out within an hour.For 25 kg of dry plaster will take about 5.6 liters of water.

Such wall coverings should be used at a certain temperature range. As for white plaster, this limit is +5 - + 30 ° C, for color plasters the range is somewhat higher and is +9 - + 30 ° C. When applied to brick and concrete, the adhesion will be 0.5 MPa. Some consumers are interested in impact resistance. If you hit the surface with a hammer, the mass of which is 500 g, then this will not cause destruction of the layer. The frost resistance of this coating is 75 cycles or more.

Alternative solutions

An excellent alternative to the wallpaper will be a decorative stone. They are sometimes replaced by ceramic tiles. This material covers not only individual sections, but all the walls in the room. When using artificial stone you can save, successfully combining it with almost all modern materials. In addition, this method will save the owners of housing from special care of the surface

When choosing wall coverings, you should pay attention to the panel as well. They can be made of different materials. Among other things, one should mention plastic and MDF. The latter features durability, strength, density and resistance to temperature changes. Such wall coverings perfectly tolerate the effect of moisture; Their surface is not a favorable environment for the emergence and further development of bacteria and microorganisms.

MDF panels can be classified into veneered and dyed products. The latter variety has a high-quality base, which is resistant to chemicals.

Technical characteristics of ceramic tiles

The above types of wall coverings are available for sale in a wide range. If you still do not know what kind of material to prefer, then you should become more familiar with the technical characteristics of each solution.

Ceramic tiles are manufactured using quartz glass, clay, and feldspars. If the products are made using single-firing technology, then they will have a high content of carbonates. This finish has a large number of pores, which indicates a high water absorption; This figure sometimes reaches 15%. The thickness of the product can be equal to 12 mm, the strength of such tiles is much less compared to analogues.

Enameled ceramic tiles are ceramic granite, which is painted throughout the mass. It is also manufactured using single-firing technology using light clay varieties. The water absorption for these products is minimal and is 0.05%. The tile is resistant to increased abrasion, chemical influences, impacts at bends and temperature changes.

Technical specifications of vinyl wallpaper

Considering wall coverings for interior decoration, be sure to pay attention to wallpaper. As for the vinyl variety, it consists of two layers. One of them is basic and is made of polyvinyl chloride. Fabrics can be made on non-woven or paper basis.

Strength characteristics will depend on the base and type of vinyl. Less dense and durable are vinyl wallpaper on a paper basis. There are commercially available wall coverings that are designed for further staining. This gives the master additional opportunities for decorating the interior. For gluing of such wallpapers it is recommended to use a special compound, since the canvases are quite heavy. The mixture should be applied only to the wall.


Considering wall coverings for a bathroom, you can choose even drywall. However, it is necessary to prefer a moisture-resistant version of it. Excellent for this room is also a panel. It is desirable that they were made of plastic. Some consumers refuse such solutions, because wall coverings of this type "eat up" the useful area.

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