A fence near a private house helps protect your site from strangers. In addition, it allows you to break the entire territory into zones. It is a decorative element that participates in the creation of a single image of the court. When looking at the fence, a general impression is created about the site and its owners.
On the other hand, most owners tend to combine several characteristics at the time of fencing: quality, attractive appearance, reliability and economy. All these qualities can be met by a fence made of metal rod. How to make such a construction with your own hands, we will consider in this article.
First, let's look at what fences are from a metal rod. Photos give us the big picture. On them it can be understood that this type of fencing can be of several types. Usually, these are steel strips, to which by means of welding are attached blanks (rods). And the bars can be square and round.
In some cases, the steel bars themselves use rods themselves. Only in this case it is necessary to choose them with a rectangular section. Most often the role of bearing strips is played by metal profile pipes. Their size depends on the type and size of the fence.
The fence of metal rods has a number of advantages that explain its wide popularity:
- Long service life.
- Easy to manufacture and install.
- Attractive appearance.
- A variety of possible decor.
Another important factor is that the fencing of this type can be made in various sizes. Neither height nor width of it has limitations. And if you do all the work yourself, then this fence will be much cheaper than purchased in the store. And you can make sections in one place, and install - in another. Difficulties with transportation do not arise.
To improve the appearance of the fence of a metal rod decorate. For this, various methods are used. Most often use different options for filling the frame. The upper edge of the fence may not only be flat. It is made convex, concave, in the form of a wave. The top bars can be decorated with arrows, balls, rings and so on.
Another option - the location of rods in the form of geometric (and not only) figures. And they can be located not only in one plane. Popular options, where the bars are located "cascade", that is, they have protruding undulating areas.
Decorate metal fences and barriers from the rod can be forged elements. Different leaves, flowers, curls can be used.
Preparation of materials
The first stage of erection of a fence from a metal rod, as well as in all construction works, is the preparation of raw materials.
Metal bars with a square section are more convenient. It's easier to work with them. They are more convenient to measure the distances needed. They are easier to bend. The material is suitable for bars of ordinary steel (3-10 PS / SP). The thickness depends on the load and the pattern. Most often choose cross-sections from 10х10 to 16х16 mm. It is worth considering that the thinner rod is more easily bent. For small fences separating the garden areas, even a rod with a section of 8x8 mm will do.
When choosing round rods, preference is given to those in which the diameter of the cross-section is in the range of 10 to 24 mm. Again, if billets are planned to be bent, it is better to choose a metal thinner.
For crossbeams that will connect the rods, use a profile pipe or a metal strip. The first option is a thing of the past. It is usually used when creating a frame around each section. In such cases, pipes with dimensions not less than 30x30x2 mm are suitable for vertically arranged racks. For horizontal guides, pipes with a section of 40x20 mm are chosen.
As for the metal strip, its width should be 3 times larger than the cross-section of the selected rods. For example, if round billets with a section diameter of 10 cm are used, the strip is selected with a width of 30 mm and a thickness of 2 mm.
As a support, metal pipes are used. When purchasing material, you need to calculate the quantity correctly. So, the poles should be on average 60 cm higher than the desired height of the fence. For example, if the fence is 2 m high, the pillars make a length of 2.6 m. This is necessary in order to damp them into the ground.
For the manufacture of a fence of metal rod with their own hands will require the following devices:
- Welding machine (at the same time it is necessary to have at least a minimum experience with it).
- Electrodes (2-2.5 mm).
- Cutting and stripping circles.
- Brush for metal.
- Twine (twine).
All this is prepared in advance, so that during work not be distracted by searching for the right tool.
Preparation of sections
To understand how to make a fence from a metal rod, consider an example of the simplest version. It is a frame, inside which there are rods in the vertical direction. The recommended section size is 2.5x3 m. First you need to draw a diagram. To facilitate this process will help special programs. The second option is to do everything manually on paper. Between the rods the step is kept from 10 to 20 centimeters. The scheme will help to calculate the required amount of materials and their sizes.
The production of sections can be divided into the following stages:
- Preparation of the frame (frame).
- Filling the internal space with bars.
- Adding decor elements.
In the same sequence, the section is prepared also in those cases when another pattern is used. On the outside, "ears" are welded to fix the section to the support posts.
Preparation of support poles
The fence of the metal rod is held by the support pillars. There are several options for installing them. The choice depends on the type of soil. At best, a columnar base will suffice. In more complex situations, a foundation is required.
Posts can simply be screwed into the ground (hammered or installed as screw piles) or poured concrete solution. A mixed version is also used, when the column is lowered into the soil from below, and concrete is poured next to the ground surface.
The final stage of the installation of the fence from the metal rod is its painting. This is necessary to protect the fence from climatic factors, which will prolong the life.
The first step is to clean the structure of dust and dirt. Then clean the welds and the places of corrosion (if any). For the entire fence, the first coat is applied with a protective primer. After it dries (as a rule, in sunny weather it takes very little time) you can start painting directly.