What you need to know to make the layout of the house comfortable

In the Talmud there is a wise saying: "A person must first build a house, grow a vineyard, and then marry." The vineyard can not be grown everywhere, but with the house everything is quite realistic and powerful.

If the issue with the land has already been resolved, then construction begins with determining how the future owner sees his housing: how many rooms, their purpose and size. Thus, you need to know what kind of planning the house will be.

You, as the future owner of the house, can buy a ready project. The choice is now huge: for all tastes and opportunities. But then you need to set the search parameters, based on the number of tenants and the builder's wishes. There are building standards for the minimum area of the living room, as well as the combination of bathrooms.

Save space

The layout of a single-storey house will be much simpler than a high-rise building. To begin with, it is better to make a floor sketch of the message of the rooms among themselves, starting from the front door: entrance - tambour - entrance hall - dining room - bathroom - living room - dressing room. In this case it is necessary to draw arrows, which rooms communicate with each other, and which pass-through. In our case, the hallway should be the central room and have a message with everyone else.

To save money on heating and lighting, more window openings are better located on the south and south-east side, and the northern one, if possible, is made deaf (if the site allows).

What we should do is build a two-storey house

The layout of a house with two floors is much more convenient, because on the second floor there are usually private rooms (bedrooms, study). In a one-story building it is difficult to think of a separate move to each bedroom, as the total area increases because of the longer corridors. For the same reason, the usable area decreases.

The cost savings should not be in conflict with the standards: at least one room should be not less than 18 m². The average width of the corridors should be 1.2 m, the living area - not less than 2 m on any axis. Ceiling height from 2,2 m for residential premises, and from 1,9 m - for household.

If there are plans to live two generations of the family, the layout of the house is desirable with separate entrances. It was not for nothing that it was said before: the parent half should be separate from the home of children who have grown up. Garage is best done in a complex with the house: saving costs for its heating plus direct communication with the house (saving your health in winter).

Cozy cottage

The layout of a country house functionally does not differ from a usual house located in the city. Unless there is a boiler room and open terraces. Although now and in the city few people will dare to connect to central heating, since it is too expensive. A bathroom, a boiler room, the kitchen is better located close to each other because of the lower costs for sewer networks. When you plan two floors, for this you need to combine the economy considerations with the standards: closer to the kitchen and the bathroom of the first level, but not over the living quarters. If the layout of the house permits, it is better to arrange the bathrooms above one another. Do not forget about the "eyes" of the dacha - they should be large and overlooking picturesque places. Therefore, we recommend that you make at least two large windows overlooking the sunny side.

Summarizing said: the choice of a standard project that provides all the standards, will cost less than the order of an individual. The cost of the design sketch for today is about 10 000 rubles. It does not contain detailed drawings, but shows a simple layout of the house with dimensions and the designation of windows and doors. It is worth remembering that when ordering a project you will still have to pay for author supervision and other types of state expertise.

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