The most dangerous disease of small boys and girls is pneumonia. And pneumonia is considered the leading cause of mortality among toddlers. According to statistics, this pathology annually takes the lives of more than 1 million children under the age of five. Today we learn what parents need to do in order to protect their daughter or son from such an affliction. What vaccine is effective against pneumonia, are there any drugs that can prevent the onset of this disease? Also we learn the feedback of parents and doctors about vaccination of babies with vaccines against pneumonia.
Danger of disease
Pneumococcal infection is caused by a special bacterium called pneumococcus. Among the ailments that occur after the defeat of the body of this infection - pneumonia, acute otitis media, arthritis, purulent meningitis, pleurisy. All these diseases are dangerous for the health and even life of the child, threatening him with complications and irreversible consequences in the future. This bacterium is known after other other ailments, such as influenza, measles, otitis and even common cold. Preventive maintenance in this case one - in due time made inoculation from a pneumonia to children.
The disease is caused by the ingress of pneumococci into the human body. These are bacteria, the species of which now number about a hundred. They are not amenable to conventional treatment with antibacterial agents, and this, in turn, complicates the situation. Therefore, vaccination against pneumonia is the most effective way to prevent the development of ailment. The drug, which is used to vaccinate children, contains substances capable of neutralizing several types of pneumococci. Often these are 5 varieties of bacteria, but there is a vaccine, the action of which extends to 10 different pathogens.
Types of vaccinations
Today, 3 types of drugs are used to vaccinate children from pneumonia:
- Powder for injection "AKT-Hib".
- Suspension for intramuscular injection of "Prevenar".
- Solution for injection "Pnevmo 23".
The principle of their action is almost the same, but some differences are still observed.
The drug "Prevenar"
This suspension is the most common of the three vaccines listed above. It is made for children starting from 3 months of life (sometimes even from 2 months). The risk of contracting pneumococcal infection is very high in children under the age of 2 years. Therefore, the advantage of the Prevenar vaccine is understandable and logical. This vaccine is placed at such times:
- the first - in 3 months;
- the second - at 4.5 months;
- the third - at 6 months;
- The fourth (revaccination) - in a year and a half.
Such a vaccine against pneumonia, by the way, can be combined quite efficiently and safely with other injections. The exception is only BCG (vaccine against tuberculosis). If doctors comply with all the terms of vaccination of the baby, then it allows to form in children an excellent immunity already at the age of 2 years, when the bacterium streptococcus is the most dangerous and active.
Even if the vaccination against pneumonia is done to children, this does not mean that the child will not be able to get sick with this ailment. But if he becomes infected, the infection will be easy, without serious consequences for his health. Therefore, parents should not give up the vaccination of their baby with this drug. Moreover, it practically does not cause negative reactions.
Pnevmo 23 injection solution
This vaccine differs from the previous one in that it is introduced to the child after 2 years. This is her main drawback. It is also effective for adults. And its advantage is in what.
- It is held once, and not the whole course.
- Immunity persists for 5 years.
- Convenience of packing. The drug is placed in disposable syringes with a single dose of vaccine. For a person of any age, one dose is 0.5 ml.
- It is this vaccine that was registered by most European countries, which proves its effectiveness.
- The drug "Pnevmo 23" is well compatible with other vaccines, except for the drug from tuberculosis.
- Even if a person has suffered a disease from which they are doing prophylaxis, then this vaccination after pneumonia does not serve as a contraindication to the use. That is, it can be done even for those people who have had this illness, in order not to catch them again.
And restrictions to the use of this tool are:
- Hypersensitivity to the components of the medicine, allergic reactions.
- Some types of diseases (for example, hypertension).
Powder for Injection «AKT-Hib»
This vaccine is suitable for children whose age has already reached 3 months.
The drug makes it possible to develop immunity not only to the disease to which the article is devoted. It is an inoculation against meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, inflammation of the epiglottis, various types of arthritis. And this is its advantage.
The vaccination scheme is the following:
- At the age of up to 6 months: 3 injections are given with an interval of 1-2 months, with the introduction of a revaccinating dose 1 year after the third vaccination.
- Children from 6 to 12 months are given 2 injections with an interval of 30 days, with the introduction of an additional dose at the age of 18 months.
- Babies from 1 to 5 years are given a single injection.
Opinions about Prevenar
This vaccination against pneumonia for children, the reviews of which are very numerous, causes a lot of controversy and doubt. Some parents are sure that this is a completely safe vaccine, which is simply necessary for babies. Other mums and dads are not sure of its effectiveness. In addition, some believe that it is this drug, after its application to infants, is the cause of the development of side effects and even mortality.
This vaccination against pneumonia doctors also received different responses. Some doctors attribute positive results of vaccination, while others emphasize certain facts. For example, the fact that the preparation "Prevenar" does not include serotypes 1 and 5, causing pneumococcal infections. Also doubt about this drug doctor and because in some countries, such as the Netherlands, this vaccine is temporarily banned.
The cost of the "Prevenar" - about 2,5 thousand rubles.
Opinions on Pnevmo 23
This vaccination against pneumonia for children receives reviews mostly positive. And this is not surprising: the drug "Pnevmo 23" is the very first invention invented by French doctors, and at the same time the most popular. After all, this vaccine is used in most countries of Europe, and this means a lot: it is really effective and safe. Parents note the fact that vaccination is not very painful for babies, and the risk of complications is minimal. In addition, such a vaccine is cheaper than its analogue - the drug "Prevenar". On average, the medicine "Pnevmo 23" will cost the parents 1.8 thousand rubles, which is 700 rubles cheaper.
However, doctors are not unambiguous about this vaccine. Some say that it is the most secure of all. Others point out the inexpediency of its conduct, they say, it is possible to prescribe this remedy only after 2 years, it is not allowed earlier. And since the peak of the risk of contracting pneumonia occurs at the age of up to 24 months, from this point of view the remedy is inappropriate. Therefore, some doctors advise parents to pay attention to other drugs.
Opinions about the vaccine "AKT-Hib"
Parents' comments about this tool are different. Someone really is delighted with him, but there are quite a few moms and dads who write that this vaccination against pneumonia causes unwanted reactions. Among such side effects: redness, tenderness at the injection site, fever, drowsiness, irritability of the child. Those parents who respond positively to the vaccine note the fact that they themselves are now calm for their kids, because the drug "ACT-Hib" protects not only from pneumonia, but also from other dangerous diseases such as meningitis, sepsis and others .
The cost of a bottle of this drug, containing 1 dose of vaccine, is on average 400 rubles.
Now you know that vaccination against pneumonia is the only way to protect yourself and your child from this dangerous ailment. At the moment, there are 3 types of drugs with which to vaccinate children and adults. And this means "AKT-Hib", "Prevenar", "Pnevmo 23". Most of all, judging by the reviews, people trust the last drug - "Pnevmo 23", as it is used in most countries of Europe. Although two other vaccines also have a lot of positive feedback. Therefore, the choice is difficult to make, however, after consultation with the doctor, parents will undoubtedly acquire the drug that will protect their baby, and themselves from such a serious illness as pneumonia.