There are poets who seem to be open to love, and all their work is literally permeated with this wonderful feeling. They are Pushkin, Akhmatova, Blok, Tsvetaeva and many others. And there are those who are hard to imagine in love. And first of all Vladimir Mayakovsky comes to mind. Poems about love in his work, at first glance, seem completely out of place, as he is usually perceived as a singer of the revolution. Whether this is so, let's try to find out, looking more attentively at the poet.
Mayakovsky - the beginning of the creative path
The native land of the poet is Georgia. Parents came from a noble family, although his father served as a simple forester. Sudden death of the breadwinner forces the family to move to Moscow. There, Mayakovsky entered the gymnasium, but two years later he was expelled for non-payment of training, and engaged in revolutionary activity. Several times he was arrested and spent almost a year in the Butyrka prison cell . This happened in 1909. Then for the first time he began to try to write poetry, absolutely terrible, in his words. However, it was this year that Mayakovsky, the love poetry, verses and famous poems of which were yet to come, considered the beginning of his poetic career.
The poet of revolution
It can not be said that the work of Vladimir Mayakovsky was completely devoted to the revolution. Everything is not so unambiguous. The poet unconditionally accepted it, was an active participant in those events, and many of his works were really devoted to the October Revolution. He practically deified her, believed in the ideals she was carrying, and defended. Undoubtedly, he was the mouthpiece of the revolution, and his poems were a kind of agitation.
Love in the life of Mayakovsky
Deep emotionality is inherent in all creative natures. Vladimir Mayakovsky was no exception. The theme of love goes through all of his work. Externally rude, in fact the poet was a very vulnerable person, a hero of a rather lyrical nature. And love in the life and work of Mayakovsky took far from the last place. He, a broad soul, knew how to fall in love instantly, and not for a short time, but for a long time. But the poet was not lucky in love. All relations ended tragically, and the last love in his life led to suicide.
Addresses of Mayakovsky's love lyrics
In the life of the poet there were four women, whom he loved unconditionally. The love poetry of Mayakovsky is primarily connected with them. Who are they, the poet's muse, to whom he devoted his poems?
Maria Denisova is the first person with whom Mayakovsky's love lyrics are connected. He fell in love with her in Odessa, in 1914, and dedicated a poem to the girl "The Cloud in Pants". It was unrequited love and the first strong feeling of the poet. Therefore, the poem turned out to be so painfully honest. This is a real scream of a lover who is waiting for her beloved girl for a few painful hours, and she comes only to say that she is getting married to a better-off person.
Tatyana Alekseevna Yakovleva. With her, the poet met in October 1928 in Paris. The meeting ended in instant love for each other. A young emigrant and a tall, two meters tall Mayakovsky, were a perfect pair. To it, he devoted two of his poems - "Letter to Comrade Kostrov ..." and "Letter to Tatyana Yakovleva."
In December the poet left for Moscow, but in February 1929 he returned to France again. His feelings for Yakovlev were so strong and serious that he proposed to her, but he received neither refusal nor consent.
Relations with Tatyana ended tragically. Planning to come again in the fall, Mayakovsky could not do this because of the problems with the visa. In addition, he suddenly learns that his love is getting married in Paris. The poet was so shocked by this news that he said that if he did not see Tatyana again, he would shoot himself.
And then again began the search for that one loyal love. The poet began to seek consolation from other women.
The Last Love of Mayakovsky
Veronika Vitoldovna Polonskaya is an actress of the theater. With her Mayakovsky met in 1929 through Osip Bric. It was not accidental, in the hope that the charming girl will interest the poet and distract from the tragic events associated with Yakovleva. The calculation turned out to be correct. Mayakovsky seriously took a great interest in Polonskaya, so much that he began to demand from her a break with her husband. And she, loving the poet, could not begin a conversation with her husband, realizing what a blow it would be for him. And the Polonskaya husband fully believed in the faithfulness of his wife.
It was a painful love for both. Every day, Mayakovsky became more and more nervous, and she kept delaying the explanation with her husband. April 14, 1930, they saw each other for the last time. Polonskaya asserts that there was no talk about the break, the poet again asked her to leave about her husband and leave the theater. A minute after his departure, already on the stairs, Polonskaya heard a shot. Returning to the poet's apartment, she found him dying. So tragically ended the last love and life of Vladimir Mayakovsky.
Complicated relationship: Lilya Brik
This woman, without exaggeration, occupied the main place in the poet's heart. She is his most powerful and "sick" love. Almost all the love poetry of Mayakovsky after 1915 is devoted to her.
The meeting with her took place one year after the break-up of relations with Denisova. Mayakovsky was initially fascinated by his younger sister Lily, and she at the first meeting took the governess of her lover. Later, Lily and Osip Brica met officially with the poet. They were amazed by his poems, and he instantly fell in love with this extraordinary woman.
Their relationship was strange and incomprehensible to others. Lily's husband had a connection on the side, and did not feel physical attraction to his wife, but in his own way very much loved her. Lilya adored her husband, and when she was once asked whom she would still choose-Mayakovsky or Brick, she answered without hesitation, that her husband. But the poet was extremely dear to her. These strange relations lasted 15 years, until the death of Mayakovsky.
Features of Mayakovsky's love lyrics
For a poet, love is one of the most important feelings in the world. He believed that this is the foundation, the heart of everything. If it stops, the body will die. So without love, a person can not feel truly alive. The love poetry of Mayakovsky is special in that the poet refused to believe in the fragility of this feeling. He himself loves devotion and wants to tell the whole world about this, share his thoughts and experiences. Yes, it is not interesting to ordinary people.
Most clearly the poet's poetry features are visible in his poem "I Love", dedicated to Lila Brik.
Love for Mayakovsky is a deep personal experience, and not an established opinion about it. Each person inherent in this feeling from birth, but the townsfolk, who value comfort and prosperity in life, quickly lose love. They have, according to the poet, "skukozhivaetsya."
A feature of the poet's love poetry is his conviction that if a person loves someone, he must follow the chosen one, always and in every way support, even if the loved one is wrong. According to Mayakovsky, love is unselfish, it does not frighten disagreements and distance.
The poet is a maximalist in everything, so his love does not know semitones. She does not know peace, and the author writes about this in her last poem "Unfinished": "... I hope I believe shameful wisdom will never come to me."
Poems about love
The love poetry of Mayakovsky is represented by a small number of poems. MNO each of them is a small piece of the poet's life with her sorrows and joys, despair and pain. "I Love", "Cloud in Pants", "Unfinished", "About It", "Letter to Tatyana Yakovleva", "Letter to Comrade Kostrov ...", "Flute-spine", "Lilichka!" - this is a short list of Vladimir Mayakovsky's works about Love.