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The time reflected in the novel "Dubrovsky", and its features

Russian authors gave the world many outstanding works. The struggle for freedom, love, the division of society into classes, the significance of a sense of duty and responsibility for man - these are the immortal topics of Russian classics. Separately in the list of works can be identified the novel "Dubrovsky", created by Alexander Pushkin, who combined all these motives.

History of creation

AS Pushkin took as a basis for his novel a real story that occurred with the landowner Ostrovsky in the early 30's. XIX century. Then the estate was taken from him, but the peasants flatly refused to accept the new master and went to the bandits. This story greatly shocked Alexander Pushkin, who always strove to limit arbitrariness and protect human rights.


The author of the novel "Dubrovsky" created a very interesting narrative in terms of the plot. So, the work begins to grab the reader literally from the first pages. Speech in the novel is about the not very rich landowner Dubrovsky, who faced the oppression of a richer neighbor and a former friend of Troyekurov. As a result, through the fault of a comrade goes crazy and then dies Dubrovsky, and the estate goes to a neighbor. The son of Dubrovsky, Vladimir, can not accept this and burns his property. However, inside there are officials, and he is charged with murder, in connection with which he chose to hide.

At this time, a gang of bandits is formed, presumably under the leadership of Dubrovsky, and in the house of Troyekurov a new teacher appears, Deforge, in which his daughter Maria falls in love. As it turns out later, he is Dubrovsky, the leader of the gang.

The work ends tragically - the main characters of the novel "Dubrovsky" are separated. Maria marries another on the orders of her father, and Dubrovsky's gang is surrounded and defeated. However, he disappears, and his fate remains unknown.

The main characters of the novel "Dubrovsky"

As the name implies, the main character of the novel is Vladimir Dubrovsky. Prior to the beginning of problems with the estate, he served in the capital and spent time exclusively on entertainment. However, the situation with his father greatly changed the character of the hero. "Justice is more precious than anything else, including personal happiness," Dubrovsky understands. An analysis of his actions shows that the hero is ready to achieve justice at any cost, including the cost of living.

He is the opposite of Troyekurov, since honor, love, dignity, care, devotion and other high feelings are important for Dubrovsky. According to the researchers, it is through this character that Alexander Pushkin expounds his thoughts.

The main heroine of the work is Maria Troekurova. This is a young girl who has strict moral principles. She falls in love with Dubrovsky, who appeared in the house under the cover of the teacher Deforge, but refuses to flee with him and marries another unloved person at the behest of his father. When Dubrovsky stops them right after the wedding and asks her to run along with him, she again refuses, although she loves him, and explains this by the fact that the engagement has already taken place. To understand her action, we must take into account the time reflected in the novel. Dubrovsky nevertheless wanted to go against it, begging her to leave her husband. But the love of Vladimir and Masha ends tragically.

Time reflected in the novel "Dubrovsky"

To better understand the work, it is necessary to take into account the period of its creation. Thus, the time reflected in the novel "Dubrovsky" refers to the 30-ies. XIX century. It was then that AS Pushkin began to attract the theme of peasant revolt, which first appeared just in this work. Later, the author continued it in the story "The Captain's Daughter".

The epoch in the novel was transferred by AS Pushkin very colorfully. Thus, when reading, the public situation at that time, the life of noblemen in the provinces, and their self-will become clear, as there are more than one Troyekurov, but other noblemen.

The time reflected in the novel "Dubrovsky" is separated from us for almost a couple of centuries, but little has changed in the country since then, because the rich still do everything they want, and often with impunity, corruption is flourishing.

The themes touched upon in the novel "Dubrovsky"

AS Pushkin touches on many ideas, among which the problem of confrontation between humiliated peasants and landlords, who freely create arbitrariness, stands out clearly. Troekurov personifies everything bad in the novel: unreasonable cruelty to the peasants, a former friend of Dubrovsky, and even his own daughter, who, under the compulsion of his father, marries not for love. The author condemns this situation, which is why the ringleader of the gang is a positive character.

Also in the work is clearly marked the topic of corruption, because in fact, Troyekurov had no rights to the estate of Dubrovsky, but with the help of money he could arrange everything properly.

It should be noted in the novel and the theme of the popular uprising of the peasants who followed their former master not according to the law, but at the behest of the heart.

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