Schemes of knitting hats with braids with spokes with description. Patterns for knitting hats with knitting needles: braid patterns
Knitted hats are extremely popular. Their advantages are obvious: they are warm, soft, sometimes fluffy and colorful.
In addition to functionality, the headwear, hand-tied, has another plus - they are pretty fast and easy to tie. In the presence of even a minimal knitting experience, literally in the evening you can make a warm hat with a volume pattern. Therefore, the patterns of knitting hats with braids are very popular.
General principles of knitting hats
The specificity of making headdresses is that they have volume. You can not do with a simple knitted fabric, as, for example, when knitting a scarf.
The craftsmen give the hats a shape that corresponds to the human head, thanks to the use of techniques for reducing and adding the number of loops in the canvas.
As a rule, knitting of headgear with knitting needles starts from the bottom, a flat area is knotted and they begin to cut, reducing the number of loops to a minimum. The remaining several loops are gathered on a string, tightly tightened and fastened.
Alternative variants of knitting of headdresses
Along with the traditional, there are also several other ways of knitting hats:
- Flat cloth, strapped on the crown.
- Beret (the initial expansion, then the narrowing of the canvas).
- Making a cap (beret) from 5 or 6 wedges.
- Flat canvas, sewn with one seam (with the head on it forms two corners).
All these methods are equally effective, but significantly affect the applied patterns for knitting hats with knitting needles. Schemes of "braid" Suitable for decorating almost any model.
Features and characteristics of harnesses
Familiar to many bundles, they are braids or arans, have become almost a symbol of knitting. Their application is very wide: from hats and mittens to swimsuits and shoes.
Formation of the braid occurs with a banal crossing of the required number of loops on the spoke, and then they are knotted in this position. The auxiliary tools for this manipulation are an additional spoke or a knitting pin. Loops are first transferred to a pin, then their location is changed and put on the main needle again.
The harnesses can be of a very different size, it depends on the number of crossed loops (1: 1, 2: 2, 3: 3, and so on). Obtained braids can be combined into various combinations, including other bundles, solid patterns, knobs connected separately and sewn to the canvas, or even delicate fragments.
When planning the use of a pattern with braids, one should take into account the fact that they require a large amount of yarn because of their volume (approximately 20% more than a flat cloth).
Many schemes of knitting hats with braids offer the use of the principle of the formation of bundles for knitting "mesh", in which one of the crosshairs is crossed with one wrong and get smooth sloping lines.
How to calculate the narrowing of the canvas
One of the main difficulties, which causes inconvenience to skilled workers when trying to tie a cap, is the complexity of calculating the loops. Knitting the knitting needles (the pattern with the "braid" pattern in particular) requires a uniform constriction, in which the pattern structure is preserved and there are not too abrupt transitions.
The shape of the cap will be correct when cutting 12 loops in each face row. These reductions can be distributed in any way. Often this depends on the number of rapports, since it is very convenient to make cuts between braids. Depending on the size of the rapports (they can be 3-6 or 6-12, it is also possible an amount not a multiple of three), you can reduce two loops between large fragments or one between small ones.
Reduction of loops due to the width of the braid
Some schemes of knitting hats with braided spokes require too little space between the braids. Their reduction is not enough to form a cap, so the reduction is performed directly when knitting the braid. This method requires careful calculations, since it is possible to violate the proportions of the braid (assuming a too sharp narrowing). Most often, a successful result is possible only after several attempts.
In this case, you need to monitor the condition of the thread: multiple blooming can damage its integrity and worsen the appearance. If fluffy yarn is used, blooming is best avoided, otherwise it is easy to get an uneven stained thread with stray down.
Horizontal knitting in the manufacture of caps
The following figure shows a relatively simple pattern of knitting a woman's head with braided spokes.
Then, the knitting of the flat fabric continues until until the height reaches the volume of the head of the person for whom the cap is made to fit. That is, if the volume of the head is 55 cm, then the height of the knitted fabric will be the same.
At the final stage, a side seam is made and one side of the knitted fabric is pulled together. If desired, instead of tightening, you can sew a flat knitted circle that will serve as the bottom of the cap.
For this model, many schemes of knitting hats with braids are suitable.
Decoration of headdresses
Using harnesses as the main decorative elements of hats has long become a classic. However, if necessary, to decorate children's or women's headdress, you can consider other options:
- Sewing separately bound fragments (appliqués, flowers, knobs, pompons) to the finished fabric. They are made using a hook or spokes.
- Use of textured yarn for knitting some rows (vertical, horizontal, edge strapping).
- The use of beads, beads and ribbons.
- Knitting "cat ears". This effect is achieved when stitching the protruding corners of a rectangular cap.
- Sewing a visor or long "ears" as in hats with earflaps.
The transition from knitting gum to braids
Another important aspect, which differs knitting with knitting needles for women (the diagrams are rarely illustrated), is the correct transition from bonded gum to the execution of braids themselves.
If you continue knitting, without changing the number of loops, the braids can pull the canvas too tight and the cap will be tight. Experienced masters recommend adding after the gum: plus 1-2 loops for each tourniquet.
Care of knitted products
A ready-made hat should only be washed by hand, avoiding hot water, twisting and hanging. Dry only in unfolded form. Ignoring these recommendations, one can find out that the size of the cap has sharply decreased, or, conversely, that it has stretched out.
Having mastered the knitting of braids with knitting needles (schemes with a description of the cap can be combined with different patterns), it's time to embark on the practical embodiment of all your ideas and zadumok.