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Bulgarian flag and coat of arms

Everyone who is interested in the history of different countries knows that the best way to learn about the state is to go deeper not only in dates and names, but also in symbolism. It helps to understand the nature of the people, talks about the past and even can tell what other lands there are similarities in the country. So, we will study the Bulgarian flag, photos of which for certain there are many tourists who have ever been in this state. What lies in its shades?

Modern look

Now the Bulgarian flag has the form of a rectangular canvas. Its sides are related to each other in the proportion of 3 to 5 (with a large size in length). On the canvas are three bands, going horizontally. The colors of the Bulgarian flag: white, green and red. Each of them has its own meaning. White color on the canvas embodies the desire for freedom and peace. The struggle for independence was long and difficult, so this topic is extremely important for the Bulgarian people. The green color, located under the white, serves as a symbol of the country's wealth of nature, its mountains and forests. In addition, he represents agriculture, which is of great importance for the state economy, and also serves as a reminder of the Bulgarian kings for whom it was heraldic. Finally, the last band is red. This is a bright symbol of the blood spilled over the country's independence. He completes the Bulgarian flag, settling down from below.

History of occurrence

The state symbol has its roots far back in the past of the country. The modern Bulgarian flag was created on the basis of an ancient canvas, which the militia used. On their banner were: white, red and green colors - the latter was distinguished by a shade that was somewhat warmer. Another difference: earlier on the cloth was the image of the state emblem. For the first time officially such a banner was used from 1861 to 1862. The Bulgarian Legia approved a flag that looked like a modern one, only with a different order of colors. Green was located first, in the middle was placed white, and the sequence was completed red, which retained its place in the modern version. It is interesting that the reverse order of shades was used by the military from the detachment of Philip Totus, who were participants in the battles of the times of the Serbian-Turkish war. In the seventies of the nineteenth century, the same tricolor was also used for the revolutionary committee. Finally, on April 16, 1879, the Bulgarian flag was approved by the twenty-third article of the Constitution. It was then that the white-green-red combination finally came into use. Thus began the history of the currently used cloth.

Transformations of the form

Despite the approval of the tricolor in its current form, there have been changes that began in the mid-twentieth century. In 1947, the central strip of warm green color changed the shade from grass to emerald, that is, colder. At the same time, the Bulgarian flag was supplemented with the image of the emblem of the People's Republic, which was located near the shaft. Only the new Constitution, introduced in November 1990, abolished its presence on the cloth. In the same year, the Bulgarian flag suffered a most unusual change. New proportions were used. Formerly, the width referred to length as two to three, and after 1990 - as three to five.

National emblem

There is another important element of the symbolism of the country. The Bulgarian flag and the coat of arms are inextricably linked, and for a long time they were used simultaneously. So, the state emblem is a shield on which is depicted a gold-colored lion placed in a profile. This is a simplified version. It was in this form that the coat of arms was used when the Bulgarian flag was decorated. In the modern version there are some differences. It was approved not so long ago - in 1997. Now it looks more interesting and solemn. The originally used shield with the golden lion is now decorated with a golden crown. The animal changed its location and even the quantity: there were two lions, and both are depicted in crowns and gold. Under the shield are oak branches. In addition, there is a ribbon depicting the phrase "Unity gives strength" - this is the old motto of the Bulgarian warriors. In this version, the arms appear on all official papers, seals and on administrative buildings.

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