Let's imagine for a short time that we are children. What will we remember first of all from our childhood? Well, of course, your favorite toy. A toy is not only an object of the game, but an object for the development of all activities of the child. It does not have to be bright and ringing, the toy can be both plain, but at the same time the most beloved. For example, one child is very expensive toy, inherited from his mother (father, grandparent, etc.), and another child is interested in more modern types of toys, all kinds of singing, dancing dolls, chasing, flying cars and airplanes, Shooting soldiers, etc.
The development of the child is impossible without toys. They help to reveal his life potential, emotions, feelings. In the game, toys help to adapt to the surrounding reality, to know the world and oneself.
Sometimes you can observe such a picture. The child has a whole room, littered with toys, but he does not show interest in them. And why? Because the toys must be matched to the interest and age of the child.
Little children very often like to copy the habits of an adult. Therefore, more preferences are given in the game to household appliances, dishes, etc. After all, if you observe the child for a long time, you can see that it is more interesting for him to play, for example, with a can, throwing beans there, or with a colander, inserting sticks into holes, Than with the same sorter or different kinds of houses.
Therefore, the choice of toys should be approached more thoroughly. If, for example, a one-year-old kid does not move away from the drum day after day and does not know how to play pyramids, rings, cars, dolls, one should think about his psycho-emotional behavior. And, accordingly, he will very lag behind his peers in development.
Every age of the child has its own nuances. Let's try to consider in more detail which toys are necessary for children at every age and in a life situation.
From birth to the month the child spends most of his time in a dream, and adapts to the surrounding world. Starting from 1-3 months. It is necessary to develop visual, auditory perceptions. During this period, the child looks with interest at adults, drawings on wallpaper, walls. For a more interesting development, you can paste on the walls various types of geometric shapes, thematic cards. It is useful to hold daily gymnastics for the eyes. Walking in front of the eyes of the toy, watching the baby focus his eyes on her.
To develop the motor skills of the hands it is necessary to put a rattle in the baby's hand. The child will feel the object and reflexively compress it.
From 3-6 months the child needs to expand his living space. Move it either to the carpet, or to the arena. During this period, you can use different types of game mats, squeaking and ringing toys, various kinds of plastic and rubber figures. Great interest for the child is represented by musical toys, books. It's so interesting to press the button-button, and from there sound is heard. These toys contribute to the development of visual, auditory, tactile perception and directly motor activity.
From 6-9 months of motor activity increases, respectively, and increases the curiosity of the baby. He is already interested in all kinds of windmills, baby dolls, books with bright pictures, small-sized soft toys, musical instruments and posters. In no case should parents restrain their motor activity, but, on the contrary, it is necessary to develop its interest in subjects.
In 9-12 months the interest and curiosity of the child are increasing more and more. At this age, it is possible to include a puppet show in the game (these are simple tales of Teremok, Repka, Kurochka-Ryaba, Kolobok) and play-games ("ladushki", "forty-thief", etc. .). It is necessary that the child had different cubes, rings, pyramids. These types of toys develop intelligence, allow you to accumulate a certain experience. The child during this period likes to break everything, to disassemble. So he can understand the changes in space, the magnitude, the shape of the toys. The main rule for parents of a toddler at this age is not to buy toys with small details and non-separable.
For 2-year-old children will be interesting any toys from which you can build (cubes, designers). Bright balls, big cars, dolls. If a year ago the child could not play independently on certain subjects, then already in this period the plot appears in almost every game. Girls start imitating mothers, grandmothers rocking a doll, preparing food, stroking, etc., boys, in turn, imitate fathers, grandfathers, repairing a car, building, repairing, etc.
By three years Children take on a role. Gaming activities are expanding. Children begin to portray themselves as doctors, cooks, sellers, hairdressers, policemen, etc. Expanding the horizon of the child, respectively, we must expand and the subjects of his games. For the child additional attributes become necessary: furniture for the kitchen, garages for cars, tools for builders, dishes for dolls, etc. The child's desire to imitate his actions to adults speaks of a new in the stage of development of emotions and social adaptation of children.
From all of the above, we can conclude that children aged 1-3 years prefer the most toys-animals, household toys, dolls and cars, developing movements.