Different pathologies of the pelvic organs in women are almost always accompanied by painful sensations. In this way the body informs the hostess about the failures in her work. Often, representatives of the weaker sex turn to a gynecologist with the same problem: the uterus hurts. The reasons for the appearance of this feature will be presented to your attention in the article. You will learn about the most common pathologies that provoke painful sensations in the genital organ.
Why does the uterus hurt? Causes of this symptom are dangerous? Before answering these questions, it is worthwhile to learn important information. The genital organ is a muscular sac. It is located in the very center of the small pelvis. In front is the bladder, and behind - the intestine. The uterus is an unpaired organ. Its dimensions are approximately 5 centimeters in width and 7 in height. The mass of the uterus is in the range of 30 to 90 grams. In women giving birth, the organ is somewhat larger and heavier.
If a woman has a uterus, the reasons can be very different. But in each case it is, as a rule, a pathological process. To reliably determine why this feature appeared, you need to visit a doctor: a gynecologist or obstetrician-gynecologist. Pain in the pelvic region may be different: cutting, stitching, pressing, sharp and so on. Consider why sometimes the womb hurts in women. The reasons and consequences will be discussed in detail.
Menstruation and physiological ailments
Many women have a uterus with menstruation. The causes of this symptom are often physiological. Every second of the fairer sex complains of dysmenorrhea. At the same time during the remaining days the woman's state of health remains normal. Pain in the uterus appears 1-2 days before menstruation and ends on 2-3 day of bleeding. Unpleasant feelings have a pressing or pulling character, can be spastic. They arise as a result of a contraction of the muscular organ. If you do not have pain, you can take an antispasmodic.
Unpleasant consequences dysmenorrhea has not. It is important to turn to the gynecologist in time and make sure that there are no other abnormalities. Many women say that the monthly pain and discomfort occurs after the birth of a child. Why - still remains a mystery.
Inflammatory process and infections
If the uterus hurts, the causes may be concealed in a bacterial or viral disease. The most common infections occur in women who have a promiscuous sex life and who do not use barrier contraception. The consequences of such diseases are rather deplorable, and the treatment is long. Remember that the sooner you go to the gynecologist and start therapy, the less likely the development of complications.
Infections can be transmitted sexually or arise for other reasons. Often, women suffer from E. coli. This microorganism normally resides in the digestive tract. But for various reasons (more often because of wearing tight underwear), it penetrates into the vagina and settles in the uterus. Treatment of infectious pathologies is always complex. Prescribed antibiotics for oral and topical application, antiviral agents and antiseptics, immunomodulators and probiotics. It is not possible to choose the right therapy independently. If the problem is not cured in time, the infection will spread to neighboring organs: fallopian tubes and ovaries. Pathology threatens the formation of adhesions, poor health and even infertility.
Neoplasms in the genital organ and nearby
If the uterus and the ovaries are sick, the causes can hide in the growth of the tumor. In the genital organ is often found fibroids. If the education is small and does not disturb the patient in any way, it is usually not touched. With the accelerated growth of mimes, surgical and minimally invasive methods of treatment are chosen. Often a hormonal correction is performed. The uterus can also get sick because of the formation of cysts on the ovaries. Most often these are functional tumors that do not require medical intervention. But if we are talking about such cysts as dermoid, endometriosis, carcinoma and so on, then they must be removed surgically.
On the second place on popularity among neoplasms is endometriosis. This benign growth of the endometrium on the outer layer of the uterus, intestine and inside the abdominal cavity. If the pathology is not treated, the woman has intolerable pain in the small pelvis, spikes are formed and, eventually, infertility occurs.
To suffer from a genital organ can with cancer, polyps and other tumors. The prognosis of treatment and the consequences directly depend on the stage of the disease and its type.
Pathologies of the uterus
Why does the uterus hurt before menstruation? The reasons can be in pathologies of both congenital and acquired. Women with these complaints are diagnosed with septa in the genital organ. Also, the uterus can be single-headed or double-headed, saddle-shaped. Sometimes it is determined by hypoplasia or organosis of the organ. In the latter case, it is a complete absence of the uterus. The pain is caused by the displacement of neighboring organs.
Depending on the type of pathology, its consequences may differ. For example, agenesis is not amenable to any treatment. With her, the woman can not continue the genus, and the painful sensations persist for life. Modern medicine allows you to correct such pathologies as a bicornic uterus, adhesions in the genital organ and septa.
Early pregnancy and unpleasant sensations
Is it dangerous if the future mother has a uterus? The reasons for pregnancy are often hidden in the hormonal failure. In the early stages of gestation, the yellow body secretes progesterone. This hormone is necessary for relaxing the uterus, a sufficient level of it prevents miscarriage. If there is little progesterone, the reproductive organ comes into tonus and begins to contract. The consequence of this process may be abortion. But if you contact the doctor on time, then everything is fixable.
The uterus may become sick in the early stages because of accelerated growth. Especially often this happens in women who have previously suffered from infectious diseases and have spikes. With an increase in the uterus, these membranes are stretched, causing discomfort and pain. This process does not represent any danger, but it is necessary to inform the gynecologist about the complaints.
Pain that occurs in the second half of the gestation period
In later pregnancy, the uterus may be sick for physiological reasons. The genital organ is preparing to expel the fetus. The uterus periodically shrinks, causing discomfort. There is no danger in this if it is just training fights. Report it to your doctor.
Also, the uterus can also get sick because of the threat of premature birth. If at the same time you have unusual discharge, water has gone away or other symptoms have joined, then you should immediately go to the hospital. The consequences of these processes can be different.
If the term of childbirth has come and you have a very sick uterus, then collect the necessary things and go to the maternity hospital.
Why else does the uterus ache? Often women confuse unpleasant sensations in a small pelvis with diseases of the genital organ. The causes of discomfort can be the following:
- Hemorrhoids, intestinal inflammation and anal fissures;
- Polycystic and adhesions ;
- Pathology of the urinary system;
- Indigestion (constipation or diarrhea) and so on.
The consequences of this or that disease may differ. But there is always a single rule: the sooner you go to the doctor and start treatment, the better the prognosis. To determine independently the cause that causes pain in the abdomen, in particular, the genital organ, is almost impossible. The doctor will conduct an examination and, if necessary, prescribe additional tests: tests, ultrasound diagnostics and so on. All manipulations together will help determine the type of pathology and choose the right tactics for its treatment.
If your uterus hurts, the causes and treatment are questions that must be addressed by the doctor. When inflammation is prescribed antibacterial therapy. If it is a question of neoplasms, then the tactics of their removal are chosen. Pain that occurs during menstruation requires symptomatic treatment. Do not engage in self-targeting and get lost in conjecture: why is there pain in the uterus? In order not to face the unpleasant consequences of pathologies, contact a gynecologist. Successes to you and good health!