To date, educational work in the school is important. The given activity is directed on formation at children of such qualities and properties of the person which would promote successful socialization of schoolboys. The methods and purposes of this work depend on the age of the students.
Thus, in the junior link it is important to instill elementary knowledge about moral forms of behavior, communication skills. Educational work in primary school has, in addition to educational, developing and improving function. They are implemented through extracurricular activities and training sessions. This work is built taking into account the interests of the students themselves, their families, as well as the capabilities of the educational institution.
Responsible for education in the school are a teacher (class teacher), a psychologist, teacher-organizer , etc. In many educational institutions, there is a revival of children's public organizations. Entering their ranks, students begin to actively participate in the life of the class and school. At electives and various circles, children learn to believe in their own strengths, express themselves in creativity, in addition, their self-esteem and motivation for learning activities increase.
The educational work of the second stage preserves continuity with the primary school. The goal of educating schoolchildren is the formation of a humanistic position in communication. For this purpose, children are invited to attend various groups, educational events, participate in self-government bodies.
Adolescence is very important for the harmonious development of personality. It is at this time that personal-oriented communication is at the forefront. And in schools it is necessary to create conditions that will help adolescents express themselves, show themselves, acquire friends. The goal of many activities for the second stage is the prevention of drug addiction and alcoholism in the teenage environment, because, according to statistics, many first tried these substances at this particular age.
Educational work in the school in this direction includes training with a psychologist who teaches children to answer "no" for pressure, have their own point of view on the problem and, if necessary, defend it, ways of resolving conflicts. Special programs are used for this. Important here is the systematic nature of classes.
The teacher can organize an educational event in the school for the prevention of drug addiction with the invitation of experts in this field (narcologist, inspector of ODN, etc.). Competitions of drawings for students, use of media resources in classes and conversations are effective in this direction.
At the older age (10-11 class), educational work in the school is aimed at helping in self-determination, self-expression. Here the activity of students in master classes, self-management, etc. can help. All this will allow the future graduate to be able to navigate in the surrounding world, and also to decide on the choice of the profession and, accordingly, the university.
One of the most common forms in the upbringing direction is a class hour. Teachers prefer to conduct it in the form of a conversation, which in some situations is quite effective. However, you can use here and other activities, such as a dispute, a game-journey, a quiz and much more.
Educational work in school affects parents. Often teachers bypass them with their attention, confined only to parents' meetings, on which organizational issues are mainly addressed. But the parents of students can become indispensable helpers for the teacher in many endeavors. In addition, an important role is played by adult education in matters of family relations.