What are the questions of the supplement and what kinds of it is divided into

An addendum is a secondary member of a proposal that has a common object value and refers to either an individual member of the proposal denoting an action or feature or to the entire basis of the proposal.

The supplement answers all questions except the nominative. These are the so-called indirect cases. Additions are mostly nouns in the majority of cases ( Grandmother always asked (whom?) About Nikita (about what?) About school performance .), As well as pronominal nouns ( He was very proud of him .), Infinitive ( propose to return, ask to meet ), substantivized adjectives ( Lunch in the dining room, deal with lagging behind ), quantitative numbers ( add three ).

The supplement can be expressed by any part of the speech that replaces the noun - subjective and object infinitive, adverb, official parts of speech, interjection, syntactically indecomposable phrases, phraseological phrases. By examples, one can understand which question the supplement answers.

Vanka lies on the grass under the tree and sleeps under the bird chirik-chirik .

I send you a big (what?) Greeting from Gorlenko .

Sent (what?) To have supper.

Over the summer I managed to read (what?) Several books .

He managed to find him (what?) The Achilles' heel .

What are the questions of the supplement and what kinds of it is divided into

There are indirect and direct additions. The supplement, which is expressed in the form of an accusative without a preposition, refers to that member of the sentence that is expressed by a transitive verb, is called direct. It denotes the object to which the action is directly directed ( write an essay, give advice ).

The predicate can have with itself direct additions in the genitive case form without a preposition:

A) if expressed by a transitive verb with negation ( ignore mistakes, do not understand the question );

B) if the action expressed by the transitive verb has the meaning of a part of the whole ( drink water );

C) when used with the words of the category of state ( sorry, sorry - sorry for life, sorry for the time ).

Supplement, which is expressed by the form of the accusative with prepositions, and also by the forms of the remaining (indirect) cases with prepositions and without prepositions, is called indirect ( talking about what? About the Motherland, cluttered up with books, grinding (with what?) Spoons, Spend the summer (with whom?) At the grandmother ).

What questions does the addition of an amenable and angular

In the classification according to the subordinating word, the following is distinguished: an extra-comical addition ( listening to music, editing a manuscript ) and an appendix that depends on the noun ( taking care of parents, choosing a profession ) or an adjective ( worthy of praise, ready for a hike ).

What questions does the addition for the noun name mean and how does it express itself

Additions in the noun name answer the questions of indirect cases and are expressed:

A) the genitive object: reading a book, protecting the motherland ;

B) genitive relationship to the manufacturer: the author of the book, the director of the plant ;

C) genitive content: checking the performance, the purpose of the study ;

D) the addressee of the addressee: assistance to the needy, the reply to the correspondent ;

E) instrumental content: a portfolio with books, a pot of water, maths ;

E) creative compatibility: tea with sugar, a magazine with applications .

To which questions does the complement, combining the two values

A special character is additions, in which two meanings are combined:

1) attributive and objective: the dream of a trip (dream of what? Dream about what?), A message about the negotiations, rumors of a fire, a report on the financial situation, memories of the past, a dream about the future, the case of a fisherman . Such constructions are called definitive complements;

2) objective and circumstantial: the fish breathes gills (than ?, how?); Spend the summer with relatives (with whom ?, where?); The first leaves appeared on the trees (on what ?, where?). Such constructions are called circumstantial additions.

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