French verb avoir: conjugation by time and inclination

One of the most common verbs in French is the representative of the third, incorrect group avoir. The conjugation of this verb is required to be memorized immediately from the moment of learning the language for two reasons. Firstly, it occurs in many everyday constructions. With its help, they report their age and the presence of something, and also describe many conditions (cold, hot, hungry or thirsty, etc.). The second reason is grammatical: with the help of avoir certain difficult times are formed in which it acts as an auxiliary with the main semantic verb.

The meaning of the verb

Translation into Russian of this verb will correspond to the words "to have, to possess something", and also to "get something".

In addition to the set of verbal turns, the verb also enters into the construction of il ya, which varies with time according to the basic rules. There are two values: the first can be translated as "something somewhere is", it is used for descriptions and enumerations. The second meaning is related to time and is translated as "that ago". For example:

  1. Il ya une table et une chaise dans sa chamber. ("There is a table and a chair in his room.")
  2. Janette est venue il ya une heure. ("Janet arrived an hour ago.")


It is eight times, of which only four are widely used: Présent, Futur, Passé Composé, Imparfait. Let's consider features of each of them.

In the present tense, the initial letter of the stem is retained, except for the form 3 of the plural (ils ont).

In the future tense of the verb avoir conjugation is based on aur-.

In Imparfait, the verb has two features: the basis of av- and the appearance of complex endings. Moreover, the letters -ai- appear in the singular and in the third person of the plural, when the subsequent letters are not pronounced. The -i-letter appears in 2 and 3 plural faces before pronounced endings.

In the complex time of Passé Composé, you need to use different forms of avoir twice. The conjugation of the first coincides with the forms of the present time, the second part is the past participle of the eu.

Since the verb is an auxiliary in the formation of Passé Composé, one should use it in the present tense as a verb-bunch, and then substitute the participle of the basic semantic verb to get the predicate in the past tense.

Conditional and subjunctive moods for avoir

Conjugation of the verb in these forms can be remembered by the following prompts. In a conditional mood, a base is used that is similar to the future time (aur-), and the endings coincide with Imparfait. In the subjunctive mood, there will be two foundations: ai- before unpronounceable endings and ay- before pronounced ones.

Imperative mood

Along with the other inclinations, you need to know how to form requests and orders using avoir (conjugation). The French language has 2 imperative moods, 3 forms each. In the present tense there are forms taken from Subjonctif (aie, ayons, ayez). In the past, the second participle eu is added to them.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.