The African continent is the second largest in the world after Eurasia and the first in its mystery and unpredictability. It lies between two oceans - the Atlantic and the Pacific, crosses the equator line, which makes the climate extremely dry and hot there. Particularly arid are the expanses of the eastern part of the continent. Despite the fact that the Sahara and the Kalahari are in the north and south, it is here that the minimum amount of precipitation falls. Because of this, the flora is meager, and tourism is not very well developed. The most eastern point of Africa is Cape Ras-Hafun, which is in Somalia. It is these lands that we will now examine in detail.
The coordinates of the easternmost point of Africa are 10 ° 26 'north latitude and 51 ° 23' east longitude. It is located on the peninsula of Somalia, in the homonymous state. Many people say that this country exists only in fact. In fact, development there is at an extremely low level due to the constant civil war. Most people live below the poverty line, many are engaged in sea piracy. The exact coordinates of the easternmost point of Africa give us the opportunity to see it on the map. With a large scale, it can be seen that the peninsula Khafun (as the locals call it) is an inverted "figure" of Africa itself in miniature. Its outlines are the same as those of the main continent.
Relief and natural features
The most eastern point of Africa is the low-lying cape. Its length is about 40 kilometers, and it is in the north-east of the state of Somalia. With its shores the peninsula protrudes into the Gulf of Aden in the Indian Ocean. Its coastline is not riddled with bays, because typically paradise beaches and cozy places for recreation there are not. On the contrary, the cape leaves its banks to the open sea, which is often the cause of strong winds both above the water surface and on the eastern shores of Somalia. Quite often there are storms and even tsunamis, from which locals literally escape into the interior of the continent. Because of the same winds and intense heat, Cape Hafun, like all the countries of East Africa, is poor in vegetation. Desert areas turn into savannahs, where animals such as zebras, giraffes, elephants, lions and others are found. But insects and reptiles this region is simply teeming. There are giant spiders and centipedes, scorpions, poisonous snakes and other very dangerous reptiles.
Population of the region
Today, the easternmost point of Africa is inhabited exclusively by Ottoman Mamud. Now they are considered local natives, but they can not be named with accuracy by the aborigines of these edges, because for centuries here, as in the whole world, there has been assimilation of peoples. About 25 thousand inhabitants of Khafun are fishermen - this is the main kind of economy in the region. Local people rarely sell their catch, most often it is the main food for the men themselves and their families. A certain percentage of the population of the peninsula does not disdain to engage in piracy. Considering the fact that Somalia is one of the poorest countries in the world, local pirates steal whole ships, and the goods that are delivered to them simply take them away.
Economy of the region
Geographers argue that the easternmost geographical point of Africa is a corner of an original, unique and unforgettable nature. Unfortunately, the local lands are not fertile, the sea shore is not suitable for rest, and excessive heat and wind are even dangerous to the health of people who are not used to such conditions. But it is on this in recent years that the country's economy is rising. Fans of thrill, adrenaline often come to Cape Hafun to take a safari tour, hunt local fauna, see those most unique and huge insects, learn how local fishermen work and what modern Somali sea pirates live.
Those who decided to go to Cape Khafun
Considering that the economic situation in Somalia is extremely deplorable, there are no exchange offices, there are no ATMs and terminals. Therefore, it is important for travelers to change the currency in advance for a local Somali shilling. In extreme cases, you will have to pay here with the dollar, Egyptian or Yemen currency, but at the local rate, which is extremely unprofitable. It is also important to know that hurricanes and tsunamis often occur in the region. If such "bad weather" is approaching, you need to literally in half an hour to reach deeper points of the mainland, leaving the cape. The local hurricanes literally destroy all buildings and cause invaluable damage to the country.
Neighboring countries of East Africa
The original nature, which was described above, is typical not only for the land of the most extreme eastern cape of the continent. Similar landscapes are also found in neighboring countries. Some of them are more economically developed, those that have access to the ocean, constantly receive tourists from different parts of the world. East Africa is a region that is located in the relevant part of the continent. Almost all states have access to the Indian Ocean. They are united on a geographical basis, and also on natural features. Because now we list all the East African countries simply in alphabetical order:
- The Seychelles.
- Southern Sudan.
Population and languages
Modern anthropologists believe that the cradle of all mankind was precisely modern East Africa. The map of this region since the existence of the alleged supercontinents practically has not changed, therefore it is also assumed that many locals are carriers of the most ancient types of DNA on the planet. Nevertheless, most of the population has long been assimilated both to the inhabitants of other regions of Africa, and to Europeans who have repeatedly made their colonies out of these territories. Only the tribes of mahmuds and natives who are far from civilizations and lead a nomadic way of life are considered to be original here. Local languages are also a synthesis of European, mostly Romance, and local dialects. The most popular of the languages on the east coast is Swahili.
Borders of countries
Now we will consider how the modern political map of Africa was formed in the eastern part of the continent and what influenced the formation of the boundaries known to us. Despite the fact that the people here have the same roots, the number of traditions, rituals, beliefs and other cultural customs here goes over 200. For centuries, it was for this reason that there were constant skirmishes and armed conflicts between the tribes of the East Africans. This weakened the development of the region, did not give him the opportunity to improve. As a result, European colonizers came here who, at their own discretion, regardless of the cultural characteristics of particular peoples, established the boundaries of modern powers. Therefore, the modern map of Africa, in particular its eastern part, is only a formality that only aggravated the opposition of local residents.
As it turned out, the easternmost point of Africa is not a picturesque paradise. Despite the fact that Cape Hafun is washed by the Indian Ocean, its waters are extremely harsh. Quite often there are tsunamis that sweep away everything in their path. Because here come only lovers of new experiences, extreme and drive.