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Description of Argentina: draw up a plan. Country description: Argentina (Grade 7, geography)

Description of the country of Argentina will help to learn more about the state, as well as faster to read and assimilate the information offered. Let's consider the most important moments in the description of the named state.

Accurate plan: description of the country (Argentina)

The compiled list of information about the country will help to break down information about it on the main points with headings and will allow to give a consistent description of the country. Argentina according to the plan (grade 7) is studied by students, as a rule, according to the following scheme:

  1. Short description of Argentina.
  2. Geographical location of the country.
  3. Nature and climate.
  4. Population.
  5. Language.
  6. The largest regions.
  7. Attractions and interesting facts about Argentina.

Plan for describing the country. Argentina (Grade 7, geography)

The official name of Argentina is the Argentine Republic. The state, located in South America, is considered the second largest in terms of territory, and the third - in terms of population. Argentina includes 24 administrative regions, 23 provinces and 1 federal capital district - Buenos Aires.

Geography and climate

Describe Argentina according to the plan for describing the country is easy if you know its geography.

The Republic is located on the south-eastern part of the continent of South America and occupies the eastern part of Tierra del Fuego (archipelago).

The country borders with Chile in the west, with Paraguay and Bolivia - in the north, with Uruguay and Brazil - in the north-east.

Argentina is washed by the Atlantic waters in the eastern territories. The shores of the state are almost indistinct. Only La Plata estuary sinks into the land for 320 km.

The land of Argentina stretches in the meridional direction. Its greatest extent is 3,7 thousand km and goes from north to south. By the way, the great extent of the sea coasts played a major role in shaping Argentina's foreign economic development.


The nature of Argentina can be called diverse. This is due to the territorial peculiarities of the country and its relief. By the last sign, Argentina can be divided into two parts: the sublime (west and south) and the flat (north and east).

A wide part of the country is occupied by a wide La Plata lowland. The Argentine northern part is a ruined lava plateau, riddled with rivers. In its center lies the swampy terrain. Only in the south the plain has a hilly form, which is intersected by sandstone ridges - the Kuchillas.

Plain region of Argentina has a subtropical humid climate. It is covered with evergreen forests (dry and wet), marsh plants, mixed herbs. The north-eastern region is also called Mesopotamia in Argentina. It is here that the country's cereal lands are concentrated.

The Cordillera (Andes) includes the highest peaks of the continent - Aconcagua (6.96 km), Tupungato (6.8 km), Mercedario (6.77 km). Part of Argentina's Andes is heavily indented by river latitudes and very canopy, unlike the neighboring part of the Andes in Chile.

Floods often occur here, and earthquakes occur. In the south-west of the Andes Mountains is a very picturesque area called the Lake District, consisting of mountain lakes and broad forests. The climate here is quite humid.

For the Andes are characterized by constant rains and intense heat in the summer. Here there are hot dry winds, which are called probes. In the plains of the country, rains are constantly pouring over savannas and impenetrable thick forests. And from east to west the amount of precipitation decreases significantly.

The average temperature in January is + 5 ° C, in July + 22 ° C. Precipitations from 100 to 300 mm in the western part of the country, and 1400-1600 - in the eastern part. Some areas of Argentina in winter are prone to severe drought, while the summer here can be unbearably hot.


To learn about the population of the state our plan-description of the country will also help. Argentina unites the most diverse nations.

Virtually all the population of the Argentine Republic (90%) belongs to the European race. They are descendants of Spaniards and Italians. A 4.5% are Indians, who today can be defined as a mixed population. Ancient peoples, from ancient times populated these territories (collas, mapuches, matakos, tobas) are today less than 1% of the total population of the country.


You can not omit one more item, giving a plan-description of the country. Argentina is a multinational state. What language do the Argentines speak? Virtually the entire population of the republic communicates in Spanish. It is official in Argentina. Also here Italian, French and German are often used.

List of the largest cities in Argentina

What else is Argentina famous for? Description of the country according to the plan (geography, climate, population, etc.) must contain information about the largest cities. We list them:

  • Buenos Aires;
  • Cordoba;
  • Rosario;
  • Santa Fe;
  • Mar del Plata;
  • Rosario;
  • Salta;
  • San Miguel de Tucuman;
  • Corrientes;
  • La Plata;
  • Resistencia;
  • Bahia Blanca;
  • Mendoza;
  • Santiago del Estero;
  • San Juan;
  • Neuquén.

The largest of these are the first three cities. Buenos Aires, Cordoba and Rosario are called cities with over a million inhabitants.


In the cities of Argentina you can see a mixture of all kinds of cultures.

The most famous places for tourists are: Pedestrian Bridge Puente de la Mujer, Lunar Valley, Lake Traful, Casa Rosada and this is not a complete list of interesting places in the sunny country.

The main place of fame and history of the country is its capital - Buenos Aires. In this city there are religious buildings with beautiful architecture: the church of El Pilar, Metropolitan Cathedral, the Town Hall "Cabildo". And the Plaza del Congreso with the unique fountain of Los dos Congresos, welcomes tourists from all over the world.

To the sights of Argentina can be attributed not only interesting buildings, museums, parks, but also beautiful resorts. Some of the best here are: Mar del Plata, Pinamar, Miramar.

Do you know what local people say? "If God decided to settle on Earth, he would certainly choose Argentina." Probably, they do not think so in vain.

The famous and largest salt marsh Salinas Grande

For several centuries now the place where Argentineans extract salt is considered a notable tourist destination. The area of Salinas Grandes is 6 thousand square meters. Some 10 million years ago this territory was a wide lake. But because of the volcanic activity near, the water evaporated with time. On the surface of the old lake there was a snow-white surface of salt. On average, its thickness is 30 cm. Local residents cut out of the salt blocks funny figures and sell them to local tourists.

Climbing the hills above the salt marsh, you can see the boundless whitish expanse, shining like diamonds under the sun's rays.

Let's sum up the results

Schoolchildren in the seventh grade usually pass the plan for describing the country. Brazil and Argentina are those states, which, as the training practice shows, is most convenient to tell, having a clear plan. And this knowledge is sure to be useful, because Argentina is a favorite place for tourists - it has beautiful natural objects. Also the country is rich in sights. There is always something to see here, which is why every year thousands of visitors from different parts of the world visit Argentina.

To study this country is useful and exciting for both schoolchildren and adults. You need only a clear plan (description of the country). Argentina is a land of contrasts, and therefore very interesting for study!

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