Than to warm wooden houses outside? Warming of the wooden house from the outside: step by step warming technique

The microclimate in wooden houses is usually very good. In warming, in most cases, such buildings do not need. However, in the walls of old chopped and cobblestone structures there often appear crevices and gaps. That's when it becomes necessary to insulate the enclosing structures. Of course, this procedure should be followed by strictly adhering to certain technologies. In addition, of course, you need to know and what to insulate wooden houses from the outside is best.

What materials will be needed?

In order to perform high-quality insulation of wooden walls, you will need to prepare:

  • Bar section of 50 x 150 mm under the crate. You can use another option. In this case, it all depends on the thickness of the insulation chosen. Its slabs must be completely recessed into the crate.
  • Mineral wool - a great answer to the question of what to insulate wooden houses from the outside. Plates must be sufficiently rigid. This will negate the risk of sliding down in the future.
  • Steam insulation and waterproofing films. These materials are necessary to protect the heat insulator from getting wet outside and inside.
  • The bars are 40 x 40 cm. They will be fastened with a waterproofing film.
  • Siding, block house or lining. These materials are just perfect for piling up a wooden house.
  • A means for treating walls from fungus. It is also desirable to purchase a composition that increases the fire resistance of wood.

What tools will be needed?

You will also need to prepare:

  • Hammer for driving nails.
  • Drill for mounting the siding.
  • Knife for cutting waterproofing film.

Warming of windows and doors

The question of how to insulate a private house is reduced, among other things, to the isolation of openings. Of course, there should not be any crevices between the windows and the walls. Otherwise, the effect of sufficiently expensive work on the insulation of the building itself will be reduced to zero. If the cracks are present, they should be pre-covered with concrete mortar. The same goes for the door jamb. The canvas itself will also be well insulated. You can buy a ready-made door with a built-in insulator. By the way, the same goes for windows. In the old cracked wooden frames there are always microcracks through which precious heat leaves the house. Therefore, if funds permit, it is worthwhile to buy and install new euro windows. The profile can be made using wooden or cheaper PVC "under the tree".

Expansion of the foundation

How to insulate the walls of a wooden house, we will consider below. First let's figure out what to do before that. Of course, first of all, it is necessary to expand the base of the house. A cake of walls should rest against something on the bottom. Otherwise, the heat insulator will start to slide. For reinforcement in the main foundation, reinforcing bars are drilled. Further along the perimeter of the house is a formwork. Sand is poured onto the bottom of the resulting "trough". Further, a 5 cm thick footing is poured. An armature is installed on it and it contacts the rods drilled into the main foundation. Then the fill is done. Once the concrete has hardened, the formwork is removed. On top of the new part of the foundation should be waterproofed with two layers of roofing material.

Warming of the foundation

In order to make the house as warm as possible, the foundation before the insulation of the walls should be isolated. A very good solution is to use for this purpose polyurethane foam. The material is quite expensive, however, since it retains heat much better than other insulators, it will need much less. For fairly effective insulation requires a layer of 3 to 10 cm.

Of course, you can use for this purpose and polystyrene foam. However, in this case it is better to purchase the products of proven manufacturers. For example, foamed insulation brand "Penoplex", the price of which is not too high (100-300 rubles), very well tolerates the impact of aggressive substances dissolved in the ground. In addition, he is absolutely not afraid of moisture. It is not recommended to apply mineral wool to warm the foundation. The fact is that this material absorbs water very easily and at the same time loses its insulating properties.

Isolate walls: preliminary stage

So, let's begin to understand how to insulate a private house, or rather, its facades. First of all, all surfaces must be cleaned of dirt. Further, the beam or log is treated with a means to prevent the appearance of the fungus. It is also worthwhile to smear them with compounds that increase fire resistance and destroy insects. Further, all the existing slots and grooves are closed up with the plexes. The caulk is supposed to be produced in dry weather. You can use jute or hemp instead of pakli. These materials are pushed into the slit with a special tool - caulk. After that, you can proceed with the actual work on assembling the wall pie.

What you need to know about the heat insulator

Than to warm wooden houses outside, you already know. Why just basalt cotton wool? This material is considered the best choice because the foam or polystyrene foam does not pass moisture. Even in the presence of ventilation gaps under these materials, it accumulates very much. As a result, the pie loses some of the thermal insulation properties, and the log or bar begins to rot.

Not suitable for the plating of wooden walls, even a quality foam plastic insulation. For example, the same "Penoplex". The price of mineral wool is lower than that of it. And consequently, the home owners in any case do not lose anything. Instead of basalt, glass wool can be used.

Steam insulation device

Preliminary, the walls are covered with a material that prevents the penetration of moisture from inside the house into the insulation. As a vapor barrier it is possible to use polyethylene film or some other more modern analogue. In the event that the walls are thick and collected from a log, the material can be fixed directly to them. Between the crowns in this case, there will be enough to efficiently ventilate the free space. If they are knocked down from planks or made of a bar, it will be necessary to arrange an additional gap for ventilation. The film in this case is pulled on the thin rails preliminarily fixed to the wall.

Edging of the battens

So, the answer to the question of how best to insulate the wooden house, you now know. Plates of mineral wool are attached to the walls in the crate. Under siding it is more often fixed horizontally. The cabinet and block house are usually mounted on a vertical frame. The bars are attached to self-tapping screws or nails. The step between them should be equal to the width of the plates of mineral wool. Sometimes the distance between the batons is slightly smaller. In this case, the plates can be installed by the enemy. The bar must necessarily be treated with antifouling and fire-resistant agents.

Installation of plates

So, than to insulate wooden houses from the outside, we found out. How to install the plates correctly? A heater is mounted over the vapor barrier film between the beams of the collected crate. Unfortunately, wooden walls often are slightly uneven. Therefore, slots can form in some places between the plates and the crate. It is possible to seal them with such materials as basaltine, jute or lnovatin. To ensure that the plates do not fall out and do not slip, it is worth additionally fixing them with special plastic dowels with wide hats. If the crate is mounted vertically, sheathe the walls with cotton wool begin from any angle. If the bars are horizontal, the installation is performed from the bottom up.

Usually, the insulation is made using a material 5 cm thick. In this case, the installation is carried out in two layers. In this case, the joints of the second are placed above the center of the plates of the first. From below, the pie will need to be covered with a metal net to prevent mice and insects from penetrating into it.

Mounting of waterproofing film

So, the best insulation for a house made of wood is mineral wool. What material should I choose for the waterproofing device? In this case, it is worth using a special superdiffusion membrane. This material will protect the walls not only from the rain, but from the wind. For wooden houses, a waterproofing material with a vapor permeability of not less than 1400 g per m 3 is allowed.

The film is fastened directly to the crate by means of 40 x 40 mm brushes. This will allow to arrange a ventilating layer between it and a finishing finish. Lay the film perpendicular to the location of the bumper. The overlap between the individual strips should be about 10 cm. Sometimes the joints are glued with a scotch tape.

Installation of lining

Finishing material is attached to the controllable after the installation of the waterproofing device. There are only two basic ways of fixing the lining: nails and special kleymers. The first method can be considered the simplest. However, in aesthetics, such a skin that is made in two other ways, loses much. In fact, the carnation hats will in any case be clearly visible.

Therefore, the lining is often fixed on the lath by kleimers. These fasteners are first put on the shelf groove lamellae, and then on the bar. Similarly, you can make a very beautiful coating. Similarly, the block-house is attached to the crate.

Warming of the roof of a wooden house outside

Next, let's see how to insulate the roof of a wooden house. On finished roofs, similar work is usually performed from the inside. Outside, insulation is made during the erection of the roof.

In this case, a wire is attached to the rafters from the back side, and then a vapor barrier material is placed behind it . Next, the outside insulation plates are installed. Above it, a waterproofing film is mounted . It is attached to bars. Next, the crate is mounted. The step between its elements depends on the type of roofing material. Under the roofing material and soft tiles, a continuous crate is arranged. Under the profile, a sparse with a distance between the elements of 30-50 cm is mounted.

Thus, we have found out how to insulate an old wooden house. As you can see, the procedure is not particularly difficult. The most important thing is to follow the order of work and not to violate technology. In this case, the wooden building will turn out to be warm and cozy, and the ventilated facade and roof will last for a long time.

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