HealthDiseases and Conditions

Syndrome of dementia or dementia

The syndrome of dementia or dementia is a violation of the cognitive function of the brain, which occurs due to its damage or disease. Especially often the damage affects those parts of the cortex that are responsible for purposeful activity, memory, speech and attention.

Syndrome of dementia. Symptoms

The very first and common symptom is forgetfulness, which in time reaches to the extreme. She begins to violate normal life, worsening the quality of work and everyday contacts of the sick. In the beginning, the syndrome of dementia manifests itself in forgetfulness. First, memory disorders disturb the remembering of recent events. After the disease begins to progress, a person forgets those events that happened much earlier. There are problems with the orientation in space. Those suffering from this disease can get lost in a locality that was previously considered well-known. Or forget where they are. The prediction function is frustrated - it is harder for a patient to plan his day, it is more difficult to assign the exact time to meet someone. There are problems with the construction of proposals, as well as with the account. In some cases, cognitive impairments lead to spoilage of the character: patients become easily excitable, irritable, suspicious and more aggressive than before. At some point, the syndrome of dementia begins to disrupt the patient's entire life, increasingly hampering all areas of his activity. A person becomes more dependent on relatives. Especially if the appropriate treatment was not scheduled in time. In this case, the disease can gradually destroy almost all the mental functions of man.

Concomitant violations and prevalence

The disease of dementia can be a manifestation of a variety of diseases. Most often it is Alzheimer's syndrome. This is a progressive disease of neurons, which leads to their gradual degeneration and, as a result, to a decrease in cognitive ability and deterioration of daily functioning. Alzheimer's syndrome is responsible for about sixty percent of all cases of dementia. The disease is hereditary in nature. It destroys in the first place that part of the cortex that is responsible for thinking. The likelihood of dementia increases with age. Among those who are older than sixty-five, the incidence of this disease is about seven percent. And among those who are older than eighty-five, the figure reaches forty-five percent. Care for the elderly, who have a dementia syndrome, is very burdensome and requires material costs.

Treatment and prevention

Medications that can slow the progression of dementia are now widely available. They help to stabilize the patient's condition on condition of regular use. Patients may remain able to work longer, especially if they start treatment immediately after the appearance of the first symptoms. Help methods such as training memory, following the daily routine, regular mental exercises.

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