A well-prepared child will be successful in school. It will be easier for him to master new material and fulfill the teacher's requirements. Regular lessons with a preschooler are an important part of the preparation for the school.
Tasks for preparing for school - what skills do you need to develop?
Psychologists and teachers believe that in the framework of pre-school education it is necessary to develop the following basic qualities and abilities in the child:
- Literate speech;
- Logical and spatial thinking;
- Short-term and long-term memory;
- Fine motor skills of hands;
- The ability to read;
- The ability to produce simple mathematical actions within 10.
To make the lessons bring the maximum result, the development tasks for the preparation of children for the school must be diverse and versatile. No skills are more and less necessary - all are important.
The development of speech
That the child could correctly express himself, clearly and correctly express his thoughts, formulate complete answers in the classroom, it is very important to develop children's speech.
The main advice of specialists is: talk with the child. Discuss news, events of the day, ask more clarifying questions to him. Encourage him to tell something, describe. Always correct speech errors. Talk about read books, suggest retelling their content.
The basic tasks for the preparation for the school on the development of speech - the compilation of a story on the pictures, retelling the read or heard, the answers to questions. Children who fully communicate at home and in kindergarten should not have any special problems with the development of speech.
Do I need to learn to read?
There are many disputes among parents of preschool children about whether children should be taught to read in the framework of preschool development. "And what will they do in school then?" - Some mothers ask.
Modern realities are such that today's first-graders entering the school should be able to read. If the child does not read, he will be taught this at school, but it will not be easy for him to read his classmates.
Developing thinking, logic and memory
It is imperative that the tasks for preparing for school should teach the child generalization, comparison by one and several traits, the search for regularities, the exclusion of superfluous. Now there are many good collections with such tasks - beautifully decorated, with bright pictures. Most children enjoy doing it with pleasure. But parents can teach children not only on special books, but also with help of improvised items. It's enough just to show a little imagination.
Since childhood, it is worthwhile to teach poetry to children. Constantly, regularly, and not several times a year for the morning performance in the kindergarten. It's an excellent memory trainer.
Train your hand
To the child was easier to learn the basics of writing in school, you need to train your hand in the preschool period, performing development tasks. Preparing for school means the ability of the child to paint neatly, without leaving the edges of the picture, the ability to accurately circumnavigate the figures along dashed lines, to write printed letters.
If you regularly perform such tasks, by the time you enter the school the child's hand will be strong enough. From the practice of writing, children get tired the most, so they should not be long. However, children can paint as much as they want.
Assignments in Mathematics
Doing mathematics with a preschooler is easy. You can count everything around, making the simplest tasks. It is very important that the child has a good understanding of the concepts of "right" and "left", "more", "less" and "equally," able to continue the simplest ornament, relate the number of objects to numbers. For most children, the initial mathematical concepts are given quite easily.
How often it is necessary to be engaged with the child
Classes can and should be arranged on a daily basis. This does not mean that the child must be forced to sit at the table, get a collection of tasks to prepare for school and sit over them for hours. Many tasks a child can perform playfully, as it were between the case. As children quickly get tired, can not long engage in one thing, you need to frequently switch the preschooler from one occupation to another. For example, after a small assignment, a letter may be followed by a speech development lesson.
What lessons are useful for future students?
Throughout the preschool period, the development of the child is important, and not only preparation for school at 6 years. Tasks that will benefit are handicrafts, games with designers and puzzles, picking up mosaics and puzzles, learning poems and much more.
Sometimes parents may overdo their efforts in preparing for school. Children are taken to preparatory centers several times a week, they are forced to write and read at home. This, alas, is not uncommon. Here you need to be careful not to discourage the child's interest in studying in school. Classes should not be tedious. If possible, it is worth adding elements of the game to them. It is better to say to the child: "Let's go, play!" Than "Let's sit down to study."
Fairly common is the next parent error. While the child is 2-5 years old, parents do not consider it necessary to deal with him, explaining this by the fact that the school is far away, there is nowhere to hurry. In the last year before the school, they recoiled and are trying their best to catch up. Develop the child from birth, giving feasible tasks and gradually complicating them. And then the preparation for school will not seem a difficult task.