In connection with the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 20th century, many new independent states were formed on the territory of Eastern Europe. For some residents of the USSR, the disintegration of a single country became a real tragedy, for others - an opportunity for new starts. On different sides there were many families, united by blood relationship, mentality, property values. The border of Ukraine and Russia divided the two largest Soviet states, and over time became not only the nominal Rubicon, but also a very real dividing line. What has changed in more than 20 years, what has this border area become today?
The border between Russia and Ukraine today has a length of about 2295 kilometers. For the most part, Rubicon between the two states was formed back in Soviet times, as part of a single power, in 1928. In particular, on the Russian side, the Bryansk, Kursk, Rostov, Voronezh and Belgorod regions are adjacent to the Ukrainian state. This division is accepted by both entities and does not raise any additional questions for a long time.
Transfer of Crimea
The border of Ukraine and Russia for a long time remained unchanged. However, in 1954 there was a significant event, the echoes of which are especially relevant in our time. On the initiative of the Soviet authorities, in honor of the memorable date of the 300th anniversary of the reunification of fraternal peoples, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea passed under the administration of the Ukrainian SSR. From the point of view of the territorial location, such a transfer seemed quite adequate and justified. The next time the border of Ukraine and Russia has changed in our days, 60 years later, according to the people's, not the government's initiative.
Crimea in our days
Conflict events in Ukraine, which began in late 2013, had a negative impact on the political, economic and, as a result, the social life of the country. March 16, 2014, the inhabitants of the Crimea held an internal vote and the majority of popular votes decided on the independence and withdrawal from Ukraine. Subsequently, on the basis of an interstate agreement, the peninsula became one of the subjects of the Russian Federation. Modern history was accomplished in the eyes of millions. However, the Ukrainian side still does not agree with the current state of affairs and accuses Russia of illegal occupation of the territory.
Checkpoints at the border
Crossing the border of Ukraine and Russia occurs through special checkpoints. The largest railway posts are equipped in the cities of Cossack Lopan, Bachevsk, Kvashino, Topoli and others. Its border points are also for road transport. Any type of control at the border is regulated by the laws of two states, as well as by international norms. To ensure proper throughput, each of the parties is required to organize all necessary infrastructure and bilateral communication of various types.
The rules of crossing the border between two states
Political events in Ukraine are changing at an astonishing speed, but to date there have been no official changes to the rules of entry into the country, although in fact they are, of course, available. So, the border of Ukraine and Russia is available for crossing on a visa-free basis. The agreement on this regime was concluded in 1997. Citizens of the Russian Federation at the checkpoint will need a Russian or foreign passport, and for children under 16 years - a birth certificate and, if necessary, a notarized power of attorney for departure. Regardless of the mode of transportation, all persons crossing the border are filled with special immigration cards consisting of two parts. The information indicated in the forms is entered by the Ukrainian border guards in the appropriate file cabinet. When you enter Ukraine, the first part of the card is transferred to the border services, and the second is returned to them at the exit. The loss of this form is a violation of the regime of crossing the country's territory.
Citizens of Russia can stay on the territory of Ukraine for 90 days. If it is necessary to extend this period, it will be necessary to take care of the temporary registration. Citizens of other CIS countries do not have the opportunity to enter Ukraine without a passport, and citizens of Turkmenistan are even required to obtain a visa.
The new policy of Ukraine
Since the map of the border between Russia and Ukraine has changed significantly, the residents of the Russian Federation have developed certain difficulties when they need to travel to a neighboring country. The first information about this appeared in March 2014, when Ukraine actually blocked the border, referring to the aggressive policy of the Russian Federation, attempts to seize foreign territory and aiding terrorism. Additional strengthening was carried out on the border of the Lugansk and Kharkov regions, that is, in those regions where the actual situation is on the verge of civil war. According to the new Ukrainian authorities, a lot of saboteurs and provocateurs who support extremist sentiments inside the country go every day from the territory of the former fraternal union republic.
Blurred outlines of the border
Is there a border on the castle? Ukraine, Russia, today are in a state of active confrontation in many spheres. In such cities as Lugansk, Kramatorsk, Donetsk, Slavyansk, already now there is a civil war in which hundreds of civilians are killed, defending their interests, desires and nationality. A huge number of refugees from the territory of Eastern Ukraine daily crosses the state border of Russia in search of protection and shelter from all the horrors of military operations.
The border of Ukraine and Russia today takes a blurred outline. A part of the adjacent territory is currently under the control of the militia, and the Ukrainian siloviki conduct long-running battles for power over them, while militiamen actively organize their own checkpoints.
Echoes of War
The Russian press has already published data on certain unexploded ordnance that are located on the border Russian territory. According to media reports, they came here as a result of the bombing of Ukrainian cities, located on the border of the two countries. At the moment, mines are being studied by the relevant departments of the Russian Federation, and only then an official verdict will be made.
The border of Ukraine and Russia, the cities that are between the two countries, are in distress. Hundreds of thousands of people suffer oppression on a national basis, lose their usual way of life, can not work, normally exist, receive the necessary medical care. On the second side of the barricades also are afraid of war, stray shells, terrorist attacks and refugees spontaneously crossing the border in places where posts are not equipped and border troops are absent . At what point the lawlessness will end and a peaceful life will begin, you can not exactly answer. Ukrainians and Russians can only hope that politicians will be able to resolve problems, lay down their arms, and peace and tranquility will reign on the border.