As you know, a person developed in close contact with nature. And most of all - with the plant environment. Forest and fields, flowers and shrubs became the first pharmacy for people.
To use plants for treatment of various ailments, even primitive people started to notice that sick animals recovered when eating some herbs. Even in ancient Egypt, India and China, there were written treatises, which talked about the types and methods of using herbs in treatment. Tibetan medicine, which arose on the basis of the oldest Indian, appeared more than 3 thousand years before our era. The same can be said about Russian folk medicine, which has accumulated centuries of experience and is now actively used by people.
Let's look at the types of medicinal plants of Krasnodar Region and their application. They can be divided into the following groups:
- Medicinal herbs that help with gastrointestinal ailments.
- With liver diseases.
- With cardiovascular diseases.
- Collects herbs that are good for the nervous system.
- Expectorant infusions.
- Anti-inflammatory and antiviral.
- Herbs that improve metabolism.
- For the treatment of skin and hair.
- With eye diseases.
As you can see in the photo, medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory are most often used in the form of fees, where, as a rule, one plant enhances the effect of the other. There are many patients, especially from the countryside, who have preserved the traditional medicine recipes and are happy to resort to the treatment of sickness with infusions of miraculous herbs. The properties of medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory are simply amazing. Herbs can not only stop, but also prevent the development of inflammation at any stage.
In addition, herbal treatment does not do any harm to the human body, it contributes to recovery in case of severe injuries, burns, wounds, myocardial infarction, stroke. Phytopreparations made from herbs have characteristic features: a gradual therapeutic effect, a soft and measured effect.
Medicinal plants of Krasnodar region: photo and description
In our country, nowhere else is there such a variety of flora as in the Kuban. In total, 160 species of medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory were recorded in these places. The description of some will be presented in this article.
Man does not tend to take care of nature, so very often people ruthlessly tear plants, sometimes even with roots. As a result, some species begin to disappear altogether, and therefore they are under guard. The forests of this territory are rich in trees such as linden, oak, chestnut. They are also called relic, that is, those that have survived since ancient times. In the northern part, the Azov-Kuban lowland is located. There are only steppes and fields here. On the slopes of the beams and along the roadsides, you can meet different kinds of grasses: it is a grass creeping, bitter wormwood, quinoa, mother-and-stepmother.
Application of herbs
As presented in the photo, medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory are widely used in folk medicine. In addition, they continue to attract the attention of scientists around the world. Annually the number of preparations on a plant basis is increasing. Very often they are preferred because of their nontoxicity and the possibility of prolonged use without manifesting any side effects.
Drying, assembly and preparation
Proper harvesting of medicinal plants, the Krasnodar Territory or any other, is the main factor in obtaining the necessary raw materials. It is better to start harvesting in a warm, sunny, dry weather, when the plants have dried up from the rain and dew. If they are covered with moisture, then they dry longer and change their natural color. In the daytime it is customary to harvest the main part of plants in which useful substances are found in terrestrial organs. As for the roots and rhizomes, their harvesting is allowed at any time, since before drying they are usually washed in water.
Collect only those organs and parts of the plant where the most biologically active substances accumulate. Usually at most their content - in flowers and leaves in the flowering period, in the kidneys, when they swell, in the roots and rhizomes at the time of fruit ripening. As for the bark, it is most useful and valuable in the spring. Those plants that managed to collect, carefully sort, remove excess impurities, from the roots and stems cut dead particles. The collection container must be clean, dry and free of foreign smells. Harvested plants are loosely laid, so that they do not lose their healing properties.
The list of medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory is quite impressive and in one article it is unlikely to fit. We will look at some of them with you. The species diversity of plants in any territory depends, of course, on many factors. But the main role in this is played by the climate, weather and the characteristics of the ground, air. Scientists divided the entire territory of Russia into several climatic zones, but, despite this, many experts talk about the diversity of flora and fauna directly within this or that region. We will consider the medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory, which are typical for this area, and describe the most common and famous plants.
It is generally believed that the Kuban has a fertile territory for the most diverse flora, including medicinal. So, in the Krasnodar Territory of medicinal plants (some of them we give a little lower) there are about 160 species.
In 2007, the Red Data Book of the Krasnodar Territory was created, in which endangered species of animals and plants were introduced. The initiators of the decision were residents of this area who realized that the amazing beauty of the Kuban should not only be preserved but also multiplied. It was thanks to these not indifferent people that we managed to save everything in its original form. Let's consider some medicinal plants of the Krasnodar region, listed in the Red Book:
- Adonis is a spring (gorisvet).
- Colchicum is magnificent.
- The immortelle is sandy.
- Three-leaf watch.
- Dioscorea is Caucasian.
- Sabelnik swamp.
5 medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory
Medicinal properties are often possessed by plants that are near you. Just not everyone knows about their miraculous power. But you just need to look back, as you will see dandelion, plantain, nettle, burdock, which have unique healing properties. If you go out into the garden or garden, you can see the yarrow, motherwort, sporish and many more. Let's present to your attention a short list of medicinal plants of the Krasnodar Territory.
Chamomile pharmacy (also known as a girlish flower)
This is an annual plant with a short root and a stem in height of 20-50 cm, with pinnate leaves on it. Flowering begins in May and ends in June. Camomile is very unpretentious, grows in fields, wastelands, near roads, on fringes and in grain crops. For a simple peasant, the flower is a weed, which is regularly discarded. For medicinal properties, the chamomile collects inflorescences, which are better to choose on the 3-4th day after the flowers bloom. By this time, enough of the active substances are being produced.
Chamomile is used in the form of tea, broth and as an external remedy. In the form of tea used for gastric infections. Also chamomile has an anti-inflammatory effect, so it is applicable for skin lesions (in the form of compresses or baths).
Mother-and-stepmother (other names: male flower, tobacco grass)
This perennial plant blooms in early spring with yellow inflorescences with the smell of honey. Before the appearance of leaves, the rhizome ejects peduncles with red scales and yellow inflorescences. This plant blooms from February to March, possibly - April. It grows on vacant lots, outskirts of fields or roadsides. Flowers should be collected in good weather, when they have already blossomed. That they have kept a presentation, they need to be dried up quickly. But for medicinal purposes, leaves are used more. Collect them better in March - June, and preferably clean, they are recommended not to be washed.
Those leaves that grow in the sun contain more useful components than those that grow in the shade. Mother-and-stepmother is a wonderful cough remedy, especially with whooping cough. Tea from this flower makes it easier to cough. It is also used for lung diseases and irritation of the stomach and intestines. In addition, tea from mother-and-stepmother is used in the treatment of open wounds, skin inflammations, rashes and blood purification.
A perennial medicinal plant, it blooms with small white-pink flowers, which are collected in a broom. The roots are yellowish brown in color. Flowering in valerian occurs in early summer and ends in September. In medicine, it is customary to use the root of a flower. Gather this plant in spring or autumn. The root is carefully excavated, then washed and dried in a ventilated room. Preparations made on the basis of valerian have a soothing and spasmolytic effect.
Infusions of valerian are taken with migraines, hysterics, insomnia, with pain in the stomach and intestines. It also has carminative action and improves digestion. This medicinal plant helps with strong experiences, pains in the heart, positively affects the cardiac muscles and soothes the nervous system.
St. John's Wort
People came up with many different names for herbs, which for a long time were treated with diseases. Among the many plants, St. John's Wort has enjoyed special respect. At that time it was a "magic" grass - a savior from 100 diseases. During the excavations of ancient settlements, archeologists succeeded in finding seeds of 20 herbs, including St. John's Wort. People believed that this plant helps from hurts, which brought on evil spirits and witches. For man it is very useful and does not contain any harmful substances.
In Russia, St. John's wort was used very widely. For example, it was put to children in mattresses, so that the fragrance of the baby's beach from terrible dreams. St. John's wort at one time was considered a source of light, expelling any evil that relieves sadness and sadness. This plant was also a favorite grass of many outstanding people, because it treated not only the body, but also the soul. To date, scientists have proven that it has antidepressant properties, which are associated with its photosensitizing effect.
It is hardly possible to imagine that there are people who have never been burned with nettles in their lives. From this it follows that there is no such person who does not know what its appearance is. Usually, two types of nettle are harvested - burning and dioecious. Nettle stinging is slightly less and more tender, although it is aggressive. Nettle dope is often used for medicinal purposes.
Flowering nettle begins in May and ends in July. Its flowers are small, green. Both species grow near human houses, in gardens, orchards, on vacant lots. Leaves of nettle are harvested from May to August. They must be torn off carefully, in mittens, and then dried in the air. All the grass is used for the production of nettle juice. The root is excavated in spring or autumn, the dirt is removed and air dried.
Perhaps, because the nettle is a common weed, it was used long ago, even before the advent of scientific medicine. Now the leaves of nettle are used to improve metabolism in the body. In addition, this herb is the main component of the tea collection, which is prescribed for rheumatism, gout, liver disease. It is part of the tea seasonal curative courses.
We examined with you only a small part of Krasnodar's medicinal plants, and also indicated only a certain amount of their useful and medicinal qualities. They are much larger, and they all bring great benefits to a person.