Manor of Aseev (Tambov): history, discovery and address

The estate of Aseeva (Tambov) is one of the most remarkable places in the city. The building has several names: Aseevsky Palace, Aseev's House of Merchants and Aseev's Manor. As it is already clear from the name, at one time (the end of the XIX - the beginning of the XX century) this building belonged to the rich Russian manufacturer Mikhail Vasilyevich Aseev.


The estate of Aseev in Tambov, despite the blows of time, proudly keeps its worthy appearance. This building is unique both as a monument of architecture, and as a historical place. Here, such styles as eclecticism, classicism, baroque and modern are harmoniously combined. All elements are elegant and proportionate, so the palace looks beautiful and light.

Manor Aseeva (Tambov) is located in a quiet and cozy area of the city. From the windows of the building there is a wonderful view of the calm smoothness of the bay and the river's distance. The factory owner's house was considered to be the best and most unusual building erected in the city in the 20th century. Its exterior decoration is very diverse: here and semicircular Renaissance windows, stylized capitals, and openwork parapet lattices, and a huge light lantern with crystal hexagonal cells on the roof.

Manor of Aseev (Tambov)

The history of the farmstead begins in the first half of the 20th century, when it was acquired by the well-to-do Russian merchant Mikhail Aseev. Then in 1905 the building underwent a thorough reconstruction. The capital's architect Kekushev and Tambov specialist Fedorovsky worked on the project. In 1906, when construction was coming to an end, the area around the estate was landscaped, the owner of the Shevchenko's workshop was built with the owner's money, and three streets adjacent to the estate: the Embankment, the Commandant's and the Soldatsky were asphalted.

Merchant Aceev Mikhail Vasilyevich was a well-to-do man. He owned worsted and cloth factories in all industrial cities of Tambov province. The bulk of the products produced in the factories were used for the needs of the tsarist army. So, more than 50% of all soldiers wore overcoats made of cloth produced at the factory Aseeva. For his labors and services to the empire, Emperor Nicholas II in 1916 granted the merchant the title of nobleman.

Heavy years

By 1918, the estate of Aseev in Tambov was a large structure with a laundry, a house for servants, a stables, a coach shed and its own power station building. However, with the advent of Soviet power, everything changed. In the course of a widespread campaign to nationalize the property of the "rich and bourgeois", all the factories of the merchant Aseev passed into the possession of the state. The family of the merchant (wife and seven children) decided to leave the hostile state against them.

In early May 1918, the estate of Aseev (Tambov) was requisitioned, and on the orders of the authorities there was a summer colony for minors. In November of the same year, a detachment of soldiers lodged in the estate, and in the beginning of winter the building of the Tambov University (agronomic faculty) was located.

In 1931, the building passed to the management of the resort organization, and a sanatorium was set up for people with cardiological problems. In this situation the estate remained for more than seventy years. In the basement rooms of the building there were mineral baths and treatment rooms of the sanatorium, which had a negative effect on the state of the estate. The old roof was completely leaky over time, but the Soviet authorities did not make any repairs or reconstruction.

Unexpected offer

After the Aseev family moved abroad, they were not very audible. So, in 1921 it became known that the leader of white emigrants is none other than Aseev. From this it can be seen that the Russian merchant had great popularity and authority in the emigrant revolutionary milieu. However, nothing more was heard about the Aseev family.

But in the eighties of the XX century, during perestroika, the regional committee of the party received an interesting proposal from a mysterious multimillionaire from Canada. He said that he wanted to repair the mansion that belonged to his grandfather before the revolution for his own money. And this estate is the estate of Aseev (Tambov). The restoration of the building at that time was necessary as air. Grandson Aseev offered a large sum of money for reconstruction, but he put forward the necessary condition: after renovation, the museum should house a museum dedicated to his grandfather and Tambov of the beginning of the 20th century. However, the Soviet authorities did not accept the generous gift of a Canadian businessman, and the main pearl of the city continued to collapse.


Work to restore the manor, built more than a century ago, began only in 2009. Until then, the city authorities for a long time defended the architectural monument from the Federal State Unitary Enterprise RosRazMeschenie, which put the estate on auction and was going to lease for twenty years. More than 400 million rubles were spent to repair the monument. The bulk of the funds are from the federal budget.

To date, the historical style, the appearance of the estate, as well as the functional purpose of all rooms are fully preserved. The roof, balconies, facades were repaired, the foundation was reinforced, marble platforms, stairs, art parquet and painting were restored.

Restoration was not only the building itself, but also the territory around it. According to the project, a park will be located on the territory of the manor. For today, only one fountain has been erected so far. But this is only the beginning. In the park there will be 18 fountains created according to the model of Peterhof.

According to the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation Vladimir Medinsky, the estate of Aseeva (Tambov) will become the pearl of the Black Earth region of Russia.


And this day has come. September 27, 2014 after the restoration of the estate was opened Aseeva (Tambov). The address and time of the ceremony were posted in all print and electronic media so that as many as possible of the townspeople came to the celebration. Honorary guests at the opening ceremony were the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation and the director of the Peterhof Museum, which is now located in the building of merchant Aseev. At the ceremony there were both the first people of Tambov region, and the lucky townspeople.

After the solemn cutting of the ribbon, congratulatory speeches and the exchange of gifts in the courtyard of the manor, the owner-manufacturer Aseev arrived. Not himself, of course, but in the performance of the actor of the local drama theater. He told the guests the story of his estate and invited him on an excursion.

What to see

Of course, first of all it is necessary to pay attention to the restored main building - this is the estate of Aseev (Tambov). Photo left made after restoration. Specialists for today managed to keep the real antique furniture, which stood in the house since the days of its first owners.

The first floor of the estate is occupied by the rooms of the manufacturer Aseev. Visitors, of course, will be interested in everyday life items of the early 20th century. Anyone can go into the pantry, the living room, the host's office and other rooms. On the second floor there is an exhibition from the main museum "Peterhof". It is dedicated to Anatoly Shemansky, a native of Tambov, who lived in the 1920s-1930s and wrote books about the palaces and parks of the Russian Empire.

The separate pride of the estate is its park. It was laid in the period between 1905 and 1907. Here grow trees: limes, pines, oaks, elms, as well as exotic poplars, balsamic, silvery and blue spruce. Fountains gurgle in the shade of the trees, and the smell of honeysuckle and poppy roses is heard. The highlight of the park is the petioled oak-longevity. According to scientists, its age is about 500 years. Oak is declared a natural monument and is protected by law.

Facts and conjectures

Like any historical place, Aseev's estate is surrounded by legends and fictions, as well as irrefutable facts and evidence. Here are some of them:

  1. There is an opinion that once there was the home of the commandant Buldakov, who died under mysterious circumstances, on the spot where the estate now stands.
  2. As reported by the "Memorial" society, on the territory of the estate park there are burials of the times of Bolshevik repressions.
  3. In tsarist times, the places adjacent to the park area of the estate were popularly called a wolf's hollow. It was said that in the forest, a gang of bandits, who killed and robbed travelers, was in the habit of operating. And the ghosts of these unhappy people are still wandering around the park.
  4. Leaving in a hurry from Tambov, the merchant Aseev hid in the territory of his estate a myriad of treasures, which he was not able to take with him abroad.
  5. In addition to the estate, in Tambov, the Aseevs had one more estate - the estate of Arzhenka in Rasskazovo.

Information for visitors

Manor of Aseev (Tambov). Address: st. Gogol, 1.

The museum operates in the following mode: Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday - from 10.00 to 18.00; Thursday - from 13.00 to 21.00; Monday - closed.

Tickets are purchased at the ticket offices located in the basement of the building. There is also a cloakroom. The ticket price for an adult is 150 rubles. Children, schoolchildren, students and cadets are entitled to a 50% discount.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.