Facade glazing system. Glazing of the facade of the building - price

The facade is responsible for the decorative component of the building's decoration. The exterior decoration always performed an aesthetic function, expressing the nature of the house, its purpose and, of course, the tastes of the owner. Today, advanced trends in facade decoration are most effectively implemented in administrative buildings, shopping and entertainment centers, office and other commercial facilities. On the general background, structural glazing of the facades is distinguished , through which almost monolithic high-strength structures of glass and metal are formed. In the finished form, such surfaces look stylish, presentable and modern.

Principles of facade glazing

The standard design, on the basis of which facade glazing is performed, is made up of two components - the supporting part of the rack (vertical) and the supporting horizontal element. In the deadbolt and a stable gap, a glass sheet is fastened, which can be supplemented by various opening mechanisms, doors or transoms. This is the traditional scheme by which the glazing system of facades is realized. But there are other options for structural execution, not to mention the stylistic diversity of both individual elements and the entire design. In particular, three types of such glazing are distinguished: standard, semi-structural and structural. The latter direction is considered the most technological and popular, as it allows you to get not just a beautiful, but also functional and reliable finish.

Features of structural glazing

In addition to the extensive use of high-strength metal and glass components, some structural glazing technologies also involve the use of silicone materials. In such a combination, aluminum glazing significantly benefits in the flexibility of developing design projects for facade design.

The sealant in this case is used not only as a direct insulator, but also as a means of protecting individual components of facades. Provided quality installation, such systems resist loads in the form of pressure, traction, shear, regular movement, etc. Considering all the listed advantages, it can be concluded that the glazing system of the structural type facades provides comprehensive protection of the premises or the entire building from external influences of all kinds - from weather to mechanical damage. The metal base together with the tempered glass form a reliable and aesthetic barrier.

Spider glazing

One of the most popular concepts of structural glazing, in which the presence of bearing frames is not expected. This feature allows you to get rid of the system and the many devices that provide the fixation of frames to the panels. An alternative to the aging practice was the fastening of glass sheets to the spider with the help of drilled holes and rutile. And the name of technology - spider glazing of facades has developed, the task of the fixing device in which is carried out by a spatial bracket made of high-alloy metal. Despite the rather strict technical rules of installation and development of the project, the described system provides many opportunities for modeling the design, as well as changing the shape and size of its elements.

The features of this design allow the glazing to be made to match the cloths at different angles, with the load distribution being uniform at all fixation points. For this reason, spider glazing of facades can be found on buildings with non-standard architectural forms. But there is one drawback, which is important to consider in applying this method of glazing. It is related to the characteristics of the material used, which, depending on the surrounding conditions, can naturally expand. However, careful calculations of the coefficients make it possible to avoid possible deformation of the glass elements during operation.

Rigid-beam system

In such structures, an aluminum frame is provided, which forms a reliable base. The structure of the carrier system includes posts with bolts and an outer profile to provide a clamping force. In order to increase the aesthetic appeal, the clamping elements, which include the post-girder glazing of the facades, have decorative covers fixed according to the consignment principle. Glass panels are installed between the aluminum frame and the clamping profile. The outside looks quite presentable, which makes such systems an optimal solution in the design of the facades of shopping and entertainment centers.

Double-glazed windows in structural facades

The development of technological approaches to the implementation of frames and frameworks in facade design systems could not but affect the main material of the structure - glass. It can be transparent or opaque, standard or reinforced, and also vary in shades and additional features. So, if it is planned to glaze the facades of shopping center buildings, then use fireproof double-glazed windows. For private needs, energy-saving models are relevant, and for office buildings - armored. One double-glazed unit can combine several physical and operational qualities - for example, to have a reinforced base, and also to possess energy-saving and fire-resistant properties. One way or another, there are uniform requirements for minimum strength indicators.

Advantages of the newest systems

In modern modifications of facade glazing systems, various additions are used that increase the performance of structures. For example, the facade glazing system, based on racks and crossbars, can be equipped with tilting windows. These are the so-called hidden doors, which do not affect the appearance of the facade.

Also, advanced manufacturers actively use thermal insulation and seals, which, in addition to providing noise and heat insulation, also retain the ability to install insulating glass up to 3.8 cm thick. A rare glazing system for facades does without sealants filling the seams. One of the novelties in the design of seals was the development, which allows you to replace the suture structural silicone. This is a special material, designed for integration into the groove of the thermal bridge.

Methods of fastening facades

The variety of structures on the basis of which the glazing of the facades of buildings is based also determined the differentiation of approaches to the implementation of installation. But first of all, the appropriate preparation of the frame of the building is required with the expectation of installing glass sheets with minimal gaps between the latter.

Many systems assume the gluing of the double-glazed window to the installed aluminum frame. After this, the design is fixed to horizontal crossbars and vertical metal racks. In some cases, structural glazing of the facades is performed using the gluing technique. This applies to systems in which long outer and short inner glasses are used. This ratio allows you to simultaneously glue the two panels to the carrier frame. Mechanical fixation also does not give up its positions. Such systems are realized with the help of extending the support frame and its subsequent bending outwards, beyond the edges of the insulating glass unit.

Cost of facade glazing

In terms of cost, modern options for glazing facades are not cheap, which, however, is compensated by the high quality of the result. With the help of new technologies, specialists perform reliable and durable glazing of the facade, the price of which can vary from 6 to 20 thousand rubles. For 1 m 2 . This amount will include the cost of a stained-glass frame, double-glazed windows, fixation elements and lining, as well as the cost of design work. Together with the installation of the most affordable price will be a rack-and-beam system, which will cost 6-8 thousand, and spider glazing, as one of the most expensive, can be realized for 17-20 thousand.

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