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The most dangerous periods of pregnancy. Doctor's consultations and recommendations

A coveted pregnancy is one of the happiest periods in a woman's life. But, unfortunately, a variety of environmental factors lead to the occurrence of disorders and complications of the natural process of bearing a baby. The woman is especially sensitive to negative influences on certain terms. It is about what are the most dangerous periods of pregnancy, how to transfer them without complications, it will be discussed in our article.

What are the first weeks dangerous?

Despite the fact that during the first period of pregnancy a woman does not feel pronounced changes in the body, in fact, it is at this moment that the processes that are significant for the further normal development of the baby occur. In the first weeks after conception, the embryo is attached to the wall of the uterus, as well as the laying of the internal organs of the baby. But the placenta is not yet formed in this period, therefore it can not perform a protective function, protecting the embryo from external negative factors.

In addition, often a woman still can not guess about her condition, continuing her usual way of life. The future mother, not knowing about pregnancy, can take medicines, be subjected to excessive physical stress, stress. All these factors can lead to a disruption in the development of the fetus, and, as a result, complication or spontaneous termination of pregnancy.

Critical stages of the first trimester

In medicine, there are such critical periods of pregnancy:

  1. The stage of attachment of the fetal egg to the wall of the uterus (the second week of pregnancy). Complications can occur as a result of diseases of a woman (for example, with uterine myomas), and under the influence of external factors (taking medications, lifting weights). If for some reason the fetus does not attach itself to the uterus, the woman may never know that the conception has taken place in her body, since the uterus will be cleared during the next menstrual flow. An unfavorable prognosis for the subsequent development of pregnancy exists in the case of pathological attachment of the embryo. In this situation, a woman needs in-patient observation.
  2. The second week of pregnancy from conception (or the fourth obstetrician) carries the danger of fading development of the child. Often the causes are serious, often genetic pathologies of the embryo.
  3. At the stage of placenta formation (8-12 weeks), the hormonal health of the expectant mother is an extremely important factor. Any deviation can lead to a pathology of the development of the protective barrier and the impossibility of further development of the embryo. When the functioning of the placenta is abnormal, doctors often fail to maintain pregnancy. Miscarriages may occur spontaneously, or medical scraping of the uterine cavity may be required in the event of fetal development of the embryo.

Causes of pregnancy complications in the first trimester

Summarizing all of the above, we can identify the most common causes of the development of early pregnancy disorders:

  • The unfavorable state of health of the future mother (including "female diseases", hormonal disorders);
  • Congenital or acquired abnormalities in the structure of the reproductive organs (eg, bending of the uterus, scars, disorders in the formation of the endometrium, and others);
  • Taking medicines, alcohol;
  • Physical overstrain;
  • Stress;
  • Genetic defects of embryo development.

Recommendations of specialists

All the factors that can negatively affect the intrauterine development of the baby, it is impossible to predict and correct in time. Nevertheless, taking care of one's own health and regular visits to doctors for the purpose of preventive examination will significantly reduce the risks of possible complications in the case of conception of the baby.

Today practically every perinatal center has a family planning department. Here, future parents can get professional advice, go through the necessary medical examination, and if necessary, and treatment.

If a woman is already pregnant, then the doctors' recommendations are as follows:

  • Rejection of medications that may adversely affect the development of the embryo;
  • Decreased physical and emotional stress;
  • Proper nutrition;
  • Walking on fresh air;
  • Reducing the time spent at the computer and other electronic gadgets;
  • High-grade rest;
  • Moderation in sexual relations, and if necessary, complete rest;
  • Refusal of distant travel.

If a woman is at risk, the doctor can recommend a future mother to stay in the hospital. Thus, the most dangerous periods of pregnancy women are under the supervision of experts, which significantly reduces the likelihood of possible complications.

When is it urgent to call a doctor?

You should immediately consult a doctor if you are concerned about the pulling pains of an early pregnancy in the lower abdomen, as well as the smearing of brown or scarlet secretions from the genital tract. Such symptoms can be harbingers of spontaneous miscarriage.

Dangerous stages of the second trimester

The middle of pregnancy for most women is a stage of tranquility and a full enjoyment of the situation. But even in this period there are so-called critical weeks. What are the most dangerous periods of pregnancy of the second trimester? It was noted that various deviations are more often observed from 18 to 22 weeks. The causes of complications at this stage can serve as any infectious disease suffered by a future mother. In addition, improper attachment of the placenta can also cause a lot of problems. But with the timely detection of pathology with the help of ultrasound examination, a doctor can recommend a woman to hospitalization.

Another frequent cause of miscarriage in the second trimester is a condition such as ischemic-cervical insufficiency of the cervix. Such a pathology is also diagnosed by instrumental methods and is solved with the help of surgical intervention.

What do doctors recommend?

To maintain the health of the future mother and her baby will help regular examination. A pregnant woman is recommended to take tests in time, perform all the doctor's prescriptions. To reduce the risk of infection with infectious diseases, you should limit visits to places of congestion of a large number of people, do not forget about walks in the fresh air.

Critical stage of the last period of pregnancy

The third trimester is dangerous for premature birth. A child is considered prematurely born if he was born at the time of 28-32 weeks. A baby can appear to be unviable or with serious pathologies. What can cause a baby to be born before the term? The most common factors that can lead to such a complication of pregnancy are the following:

  • Physical impact (impact);
  • Symptoms of late toxicosis (gestosis);
  • Abnormal functioning of the placenta (detachment, premature aging, functional failure);
  • Violation of the number of amniotic fluid;
  • Hypoxia of the fetus, which can occur for various reasons.

Risk group

In obstetric practice there is such a thing as pregnant women at risk. These patients are referred to as expectant mothers who have chronic diseases, have a miscarriage or a child with developmental anomalies. In addition, if a rhesus is found negative in a woman during pregnancy, then the mother is also referred to a risk group due to a high likelihood of developing Rh-conflict between the mother and the fetus.

How to preserve the health of the future mother and her baby in the most dangerous periods of pregnancy? It is enough to visit the obstetrician-gynecologist in a timely manner and undergo all the recommended diagnostic tests. Fulfillment of the prescriptions of the specialist significantly increases the chances that the pregnancy will pass without complications, and the baby will be born healthy.

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