EducationSecondary education and schools

Elementary elementary school

The first three years in an educational institution are an important stage in the independent life of any child. The first class of an elementary school is a period when the kid is happy with success, gets the opportunity to become an energetic participant in the educational process. He begins to realize his actions, assess his actions, predict, make decisions, express opinions. And with the help of teachers, each child goes to the truth with small but sure steps.

Huge importance in life chelovka has an elementary school. Grade 1 is the time when it is important to observe the psychological uplift of the child as a person, to direct his development to the main spheres of life, such as aesthetics, emotionality, physical preparation, and much more. Teachers, if possible, send children and instill in them the idea of doing something better than others. This encourages the child to study by virtue of his abilities.

Evaluation system

The initial classes, namely the first and second, have a non-price system. This allows the child to gain self-confidence and become self-critical. The student can go on life more boldly, avoid mistakes, but even if he allows them, then thanks to self-criticism, not discouraged, he will try to correct them. Teachers are sure that such an evaluation system is more effective, since it is impossible to establish and develop the personality of a small person without recognition of his successes, achievements and good results.

In order to accurately understand and learn the special abilities of each child, the teacher should thoroughly study his abilities, interests, inclinations. Therefore, teachers in the primary classes closely monitor the systematic development and development of the child in order to develop individual abilities in it. The main principle of primary education is the development of the student's independence.

Adaptive work

At the present stage, practically all schools implement the "Prevention program for the disadaptation of future first-graders". At this stage, the child begins to meet with future teachers, communicates with a psychologist, speech therapist, a doctor and so on. It is possible to find out how the future schoolboy is developed. Specialists reveal his individual abilities, adapt him to school. This later makes the process of schooling painless. The training starts in May and by the beginning of the school year the children are already familiar with the teachers, doctors and with each other.

GEF at the present stage of development

The purpose of the Federal State Standard (GEF) is to direct the child to personal development, to identify his abilities, to develop his personality in the learning process. There are three main requirements for the learning process:

  • Result of education;
  • Organization of the school of the educational process;
  • Personnel, finances, state support.

The GEF of the primary classes places the following conditions in the first place:

  • Requirements for the results of studying the main educational program of primary education;
  • Requirements for the structure of the main educational program of primary general education;
  • Requirements for the conditions for the implementation of the main curriculum of primary general education.

The new GEF differs from the old one in that it used to focus on the development of the child's qualities, instilled in him love for the Motherland, respect for the family, society, etc., while the modern GEF allows us to focus on the development of the individual. The system renounces traditional results, such as knowledge and skills. Now the main demand is focused on personal qualities.

The new standard draws its attention to the shortcomings of the old one. And when it comes to schoolchildren of the first class, there are a number of shortcomings in the old educational process. A six-year-old child (and this is the level when a child goes to school) is prone to strong motor activity, so the school should have equipment that helps the teacher organize his work in such a way that it is possible to work with all children at the same time, so that each child participates in an educational Process.

Educational process of the 2nd class in Russia

Since there is no single educational standard in Russia, every school, even in each class has its own study plan. Some work with teaching aids, others with textbooks. Each of the selected systems has its pros and cons.

Elementary school (class 2) presupposes the complex consolidation of first class material, such subjects appear in the educational process as fine arts, work, physical education, the simplest provision of life safety.

In the second grade it is necessary to develop the child psychologically. We need to individually approach each student, inform him about the diversity of the world, conduct educational conversations, involve in classroom and extra-curricular games, reading, in different circles, where they develop and develop their activities. In the second grade, the interests of the child begin to form in one or another activity. Some children show a tendency to mathematics and physics. Some of the guys are drawn to humanitarian subjects. The attention of relatives, relatives and a huge work of the teacher helps to identify these directions.

Educational process of the 4th class in Russia

A huge contribution to the development of the personality is made by the primary school. The 4th grade is a summary of the first three years of study. You can also talk about the initial perception of life and society as a whole. Here, through observation, the intellectual and personal sphere is revealed, the level of readiness for the transition to secondary school. To the formed system of relations and social behavior, a characteristic is also given to parents on whom a certain responsibility for the child lies, a psychological characteristic is given to the student, his readiness to move to a more independent and adult life.

Elementary classes are the foundation of education

Elementary classes, class 4 in particular, are the foundation of education. On this path, a small man begins to know himself, the world, the environment. For a full-fledged development, a great role is played by his relationships with peers. The attitude of the child to the world, to people in many respects is formed from the surrounding well-being, self-esteem, positive, emanating from others.

The topic of relationships with classmates and friends during this period comes to the fore. In order for the child to be easier to adapt to society, he must be able to find points of contact with others. It implies the development of skills and abilities to adapt to their environment.

The disadvantages of the modern approach to education

Children are all different. Accordingly, it is also impossible to expect the same results from them. However, they have to learn by one system of education, to listen to the same teachers. Often a phrase is spoken about that the pupil is capable, this one is not. That, in its essence, is wrong, since the school at the initial stage should maximize the unique abilities of the child.

It is worth remembering that every child has a tendency to a certain sphere. One kid will be interested in history, the other - with physics and mathematics. The task of teachers is to see the talents of every little schoolboy. Children should not be deprived of attention from their parents. The future life of a member of society depends on how productive the years in primary school will be.


Primary classes are the most important stage in the life of every baby. The child will be able to easily adapt in modern society, if the attention of teachers in primary school, as well as relatives and friends, is not deprived. It is timely to notice the gaps in the education of each child. It will be much easier to solve the problem at an early stage.

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