Conversational style: its main features
Conversational style is a style of speech that serves for direct communication between people. Its main function is communicative (information exchange). Conversational style is presented not only in oral speech, but also in written form - in the form of letters, notes. But mostly this style is used in oral speech - dialogues, polylogs.
It is characterized by the ease and unpreparedness of speech (the lack of consideration of the sentence before the utterance and the preliminary selection of the necessary linguistic material), unofficiality, the immediacy of communication, the obligatory transfer of the author's attitude to the interlocutor or the subject of speech, saving speech efforts ("Mash", "Sash", "San Sanych ", etc.). A great role in the conversational style is played by the context of a certain situation and the use of non-verbal means (the interlocutor's reaction, gestures, facial expressions).
Lexical characteristics of the conversation style
Conversational style is also characterized by the use of words with magnifying or diminutive caressing suffixes ("spoon", "little book", "bread", "seagull", "pretty", "tremendous", "red"), phraseological turns (" "," Rushed all the way "). Often speech includes particles, introductory words, interjections, addresses ("Masha, go for bread!", "Oh, my God, you who came to us!").
Conversational style: features of syntax
The syntax of this style is characterized by the use of simple sentences (most often compound and non-union), incomplete sentences (in dialogue), widespread use of exclamatory and interrogative sentences, absence of participial and adverbial turns in sentences, use of sentence words (negative, affirmative, .). This style is characterized by breaks in speech, which can be caused by different reasons (the excitement of the speaker, the search for the desired word, an unexpected leap from one thought to another).
The use of additional designs that break the main sentence and introduce certain information into it, clarifications, comments, corrections, explanations also characterizes the conversational style.
In colloquial speech, complex sentences can also occur in which parts are linked together by lexico-syntactic units: the first part contains evaluation words ("clever", "well done," "fool", etc.), and the second part justifies this Evaluation, for example: "Well done, that helped!" Or "Fool Mishka, that you obeyed!"