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Genres of music: list, examples, names

There are a lot of musical genres and directions. If you start to list the genres of music - the list will be just infinite, as dozens of new musical trends appear on the borders of different styles from year to year. This is due to the development of musical technologies, new developments in the sphere of sound production, sound-producing, but first of all - with the need of people in unique sound, with a thirst for new emotions and sensations. Be that as it may, there are four broad musical directions that somehow gave birth to all other styles. Between them there are also no clear boundaries, and yet the production of the music product, the content of the songs and the arrangement of the arrangements are markedly different. So what are the genres of vocal music, at least the basic ones?


Pop music is not only a direction, but also a whole mass culture. A song is the only form that is acceptable for the pop genre.

The key moments in the creation of a pop composition are the availability of the simplest and most memorable melody, the construction based on the verse-chorus principle, and the rhythm and the human voice are brought to the fore in the sound. The goal with which pop music is created is purely entertaining. The performer in the style of pop can not do without show ballet, production numbers and, of course, expensive video clips.

Pop music is a commercial product, so it constantly changes in sound according to the style that is at the peak of popularity. For example, when in the United States there was a jazz in the act, then popular singers like Frank Sinatra became popular. And in France in honor there was always a chanson, so Mireille Mathieu, Patricia Kaas - these are kind of French pop icons. When there was a wave of pop rock music, pop artists used the guitar riffs (Michael Jackson) in their compositions, then there was the era of mixing pop and disco (Madonna, Abba), pop and hip-hop (Beastie Boys), etc.

Modern world stars (Madonna, Britney Spears, Beyonce, Lady Gaga) have picked up a wave of rhythm and blues and develop it in their work.


The palm of the first place in rock music is given to the electric guitar, and the highlight of the song is usually an expressive guitarist solo. The rhythm section is heavier, and the musical figure is often complicated. Not only powerful vocal is welcome, but also the possession of the technique of splitting, screaming, grounder and all kinds of roars.

Rock is the sphere of experiments, the expression of one's own thoughts, and sometimes of revolutionary judgments. The problems of the texts are broad enough: the social, political and religious structure of society, personal problems and experiences. It is difficult to imagine a rock singer without his own band, since performances are performed only live.

The most common rock genres of music are the list and examples:

  • Rock and roll (Elvis Presley, The Beatles);
  • Instrumental rock (Joe Satriani, Frank Zappa);
  • Hard rock (Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple);
  • Glam-rock (Aerosmith, Queen);
  • Punk-rock (Sex Pistols, Green Day);
  • Metal (Iron Maiden, Korn, Deftones);
  • Alternative rock (Nirvana, Red Hot Chili Peppers, 3 Doors Down), etc.


Describing modern genres of music, the list should have started with jazz, since it had a huge impact on the development of other areas, including pop and rock. Jazz is music based on African motifs brought to the United States from West Africa by black slaves. For a century of its existence, the direction has been substantially transformed, but what is invariable is the passion for improvisation, the free rhythm and wide use of wind instruments. Jazz legends are: Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, Nina Simone, Duke Ellington, and others.


The 21st century is the era of electronics, and the electronic trend in music today occupies one of the leading positions. Here, bets are made not on live instruments, but on electronic synthesizers and computer sound emulators.

Here are the most popular and popular electronic genres of music, the list of which will give you a general idea:

  • House (David Guetta, Benny Benassi);
  • Techno (Adam Beyer, Juan Atkins);
  • Dubstep (Skrillex, Skream);
  • Trans (Paul van Dyk, Armin van Buuren), etc.

Musicians are not interested in adhering to the framework of style, so the ratio of performers and styles is always rather conditional. Genres of music, the list of which is not limited to the above directions, recently have a tendency to lose their characteristic features: performers mix musical genres, music always has a place for amazing discoveries and unique finds, and the listener is interested in every time getting acquainted with regular musical novelties.

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