Chlamydia: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Today, urogenital chlamydia is one of the most common STDs. However, these bacteria can affect not only the genitourinary system. Chlamydia can be causative agents of conjunctivitis, proctitis, pneumonia, pharyngitis, arthrosis and many other diseases.

There are several types of these bacteria that can parasitize the human body. For example, Chlamydia psittaci cause ornithosis, infection occurs from animals and birds.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is the cause of pharyngitis, pneumonia, ARI, sore throat and other respiratory diseases. The most unpleasant kind is Chlamydia trachomatis. There are 15 types. These bacteria can cause trachoma, venereal lymphogranulomatosis, urogenital chlamydia, affect the reproductive system of women and men, causing severe complications.

If the body has chlamydia, the symptoms depend on which organ they have struck. And the peculiarity of this disease is that it can not function for a long time. Also, the symptoms can be so insignificant that a person simply does not attach importance to them.

Chlamydia can affect various organs, but most of all they "love" the cylindrical epithelium of the genital tract. In this case, they cause urethritis, cervicitis, prostatitis, epididymitis, salpingitis and other diseases.

If the genitourinary tract is affected by chlamydia, the symptoms may be as follows:

  • Discharge (mucopurulent);
  • Itching, burning in the genito-urinary organs;
  • When urinating, it becomes frequent;
  • Pain in the perineum and scrotum;
  • Swelling of the testicles;
  • Obstruction of fallopian tubes and possible infertility;
  • Pain in the abdomen, intensifying before menstruation.

If these phenomena are present, then the doctor must go urgently. However, given the prevalence of this disease and its tendency to covert flow, it is necessary to undergo a regular examination, including on other STDs. This is especially true for young people who often change their partners.

Most chlamydia get into the human body through sexual contact. And this happens with oral and anal contact. But there is also a household way. In addition, a sick woman during childbirth can infect a child. Usually, vision and respiratory system suffer .

Chlamydia in children, symptoms:

  • Purulent discharge from the eyes, the cornea is not damaged (chlamydia eye);
  • Pneumonia of newborns (shortness of breath, cyanosis, seizures, absence of fever, chronic course).

In adults, otolmohlamidiosis manifests itself in the form of exacerbations several times a year, which pass independently. If the respiratory organs are affected, frequent colds with a prolonged cough and complications occur. The disease has a chronic recurrent course.

Girls can develop vulvovestibulovaginitis in cases of infection with chlamydia. It is accompanied by secretions, itching in the genital tract, frequent urination.

As a result of unprotected anal sex in the rectum, parasitizing chlamydia can begin, the symptoms are as follows:

  • Anorectal pain;
  • Mucous discharge.

Diagnosis of these bacteria in the human body is carried out using PCR, sowing, UIF, RNIF, ELISA, microscopy. To treat chlamydia, the symptoms of which may be absent, it is necessary in a complex.

In addition to antibiotics, vitamins and restorative medications are prescribed. During treatment, you can not have sex and drink alcohol. The effectiveness of therapy is necessarily controlled by analysis. Sowing, PCR and IgA should be negative, and the IgG titer should decrease several fold.

Thus, chlamydia, whose symptoms may be absent, must necessarily be treated. Without the necessary therapy, they can cause infertility and other diseases. Treatment should be comprehensive, with control.

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