Assessment of Vulnerability of Transport Infrastructure and Transport Facilities in the Sphere of Railway Transport

A little more than five years ago, Federal Law No. 16 "On Transport Security" was launched in our country, the provisions of which bring to a new level the responsibility of the owners of vehicles (TS) and transport infrastructure facilities (OTI). Now the owner (whether it is a municipal, federal or private organization) is obliged to take measures to protect the CU and OTI from acts of unlawful interference.

The thing is that the provisions of this law require the owner of vehicles or transport infrastructure facilities to develop and implement a security plan at their enterprise against possible acts of unlawful interference. And that this was not a purely technical action, only specialized organizations whose activities are strictly regulated by the requirements of federal legislation have the ability to carry out such an action as vulnerability assessment. As of July 4, 133 organizations are assessing the vulnerability of the TS and the OTI across the whole territory of Russia. Based on the requirements that are imposed on such organizations when obtaining permits, there may appear to be an impression that simply willingness and accreditation in Rosavtodor is enough to engage in such activities as assessing the vulnerability of vehicles and transport infrastructure. That is, almost any organization can express a desire to work in the field of vulnerability assessment of the OTI and the TS and even get permission to do so. But what to do next and how to guide the work of the staff of such an organization that has just received the right to carry out this type of activity? What is the set of actions for studying ATI and TS in assessing their vulnerability? And here it's not so simple.

It is necessary to have specialists and experts who have received specialized training, listened to the course of lectures and acquired relevant skills. It is necessary to have a modern material and technical base, to use modern means of fixing, measuring and testing, which will allow us to conduct the vulnerability assessment as efficiently as possible. And, finally, one must understand that ensuring security requirements is a consistent and rigidly regulated set of actions aimed at achieving them.

It is logical to assume that in the absence of all of the above, the list of organizations that have the right to assess vulnerability will remain simply a list.

According to Rosavtodor's official data, of all such organizations in Chelyabinsk, only the company Inteche LLC has approved final evaluation results. By the way, only 13 out of 133 organizations have such approved results of the assessment. Think about it, only every tenth organization was able to confirm its words with deed. That is why Rosavtodor strongly recommends that when choosing an organization to take into account the availability of already approved final ratings. And what is the final outcome of the vulnerability assessment approved by Rosavtodor? On the example of OOO Intek, we can say that the company's employees have carried out their work according to all the rules and standards, and this speaks exclusively about their professionalism and the availability of proper knowledge and skills. And, finally, this means that the end result of their work in the form of a final result of vulnerability assessment meets the requirements that were originally laid down and implied in Federal Law No. 16.

Most transport companies and organizations in Chelyabinsk have already made sure that the requirements of this law, one way or another, but will have to comply and comply. The presence in a large transport hub, which is the capital of the Southern Urals, a professional and specialized organization ensures the fulfillment of the above requirements of the legislation at the proper level.

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