Language - is a special body, by the state of which you can find out whether there are any diseases in the body. Any changes in the gastrointestinal tract can be detected in the early stages. Show the language to your reflection in the mirror and carefully consider it.
Language as an indicator of the state of health of the body
The language has a unique property: each site on its surface corresponds to a specific organ. Thanks to this feature, you can monitor the condition of the body and identify the disease almost at the time of its appearance.
Language is divided into three conventional parts.
- The tip (front). Here is the projection of the lungs from two sides, between them - the heart zone.
- Middle of the tongue (middle part). This site - "reflection" of the stomach and pancreas, and to the right and left - the spleen and liver, respectively.
- Basal part (posterior). This part projects the kidneys (at the sides) and the intestines - between the kidneys.
If the appearance of any part of the language has changed - it has acquired a different color, it has been coated with plaque, the papillae have changed color or shape - you can quickly determine which of the organs has failed. A language without pathologies in the body has a pure pink color. First of all, the disease is indicated by a change in the shade. Of course, this is not always an accurate indicator, since some diseases can occur without changing the color of the tongue.
If you have a lined tongue, the causes of the raid can be determined by its color:
- Red - indicates ischemia, fever, infectious disease, pneumonia.
- Dark red - heavy and even life-threatening forms of infectious, kidney diseases, pneumonia.
- Pale is anemia, exhaustion.
- Yellow - excess bile, liver pathology.
- Bluish - cardiovascular diseases.
- Dark purple - angina pectoris, ischemia, cerebral circulatory or blood clotting disorders, heart failure.
Also, the tongue can look lacquered, while there is no plaque on it - this is the case with stomach cancer, chronic colitis, disorders in the intestine. Bright red papillae on the sides indicate the pathology of the liver: on the right - the functions of the left lobe are violated, on the left - the right lobe. The same formations on the front of the tongue speak of problems with the pelvic organs. But almost the most important role in the diagnosis of diseases in this part of the body is played by plaque, which is formed on it for various reasons.
White scurf in the language
It can often be found that the tongue has overlaid the tongue with a white coating, which is formed by the bacteria of the oral cavity. The greatest accumulation of them occurs on the root part, where the tongue does not come into contact with the teeth, so it can not be cleaned by teeth during conversation or eating. White scurf can be the norm - morning formations in a healthy person are common. In this case, the plaque is thin, transparent, odorless and foreign shade. At the same time, it is easy to remove when brushing your teeth with a toothbrush. Therefore, cleansing the tongue should become a habitual part of oral hygiene. It's nice to add to this an easy massage. It activates the zones of the language, thereby sending signals to the appropriate organs and providing powerful preventive action.
If the scurf does not disappear after using the brush, then you should pay attention to your health. Most likely, this is a sign of a developing disease, the symptoms of which are absent or almost invisible. Show the language to the doctor - he will quickly determine the localization of the problem. The lined body will be the first bell and will show the localization of the problem. If at least some of this list does not look like it should be, you need to listen to your body. Perhaps there are already some complaints that you have not paid attention to so far.
The reasons for the white plaque in the language
It is not superfluous to know under what conditions the language is imposed. If there is a white plaque, and on the edges of the tongue there are prints of teeth, this means that the body has ceased to absorb the useful substances that it should receive along with food. On the toxins, slags in the large intestine is a stain at the root. If the plaque is located throughout the tongue, but unevenly, then in the body there is a fungal infection, dysbiosis, and in the oral cavity, perhaps, there is stomatitis. In this case, the appearance of sores is likely. With constipation, the tongue is usually covered with a continuous thick layer of white coating. Similarly, it looks for infectious diseases with increased intoxication and high (up to 40 degrees) temperature.
With lesions of the stomach or intestines, the tongue becomes covered with a white coating and cracks in the root part. This should be paid special attention, since, it is likely that, although no other complaints so far, there is gastritis or stomach ulcer, enterocolitis, duodenal ulcer. In diseases of the respiratory system, education appears in the upper part of the tongue at the edges. White plaque along the edges of the radical part informs on the violation of kidney function. In this case, it is necessary to pass urine analysis as soon as possible to determine the problem. However, it should be noted that the plaque in this case may appear earlier than the laboratory examination will show any deviations from the norm. This is an early diagnosis: you can observe the clipped tongue. Symptoms of the same disease manifest later.
White scurf in the child
Equally carefully, than for the state of their own language, it is necessary to follow the plaque in the language of the child. It is necessary to examine the oral cavity in time, including the tongue, especially in young children and babies, who can not yet clearly identify their complaints about health. In older children, parents should control the process of brushing their teeth. And at the same time to examine the larynx, so as not to miss the signal of the development of the disease. The language of children, including newborns, is pale pink. The raid practically does not appear, and if it does, it disappears after the morning toilet and food intake. If this does not happen, the plaque in the tongue should become a reason for excitement, especially in the case of infants.
Little children taste everything that comes across them. Therefore, especially prone to infections, which, getting through the mouth into the body, cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Especially it is worth worrying if the child has a tongue and the following symptoms are observed:
- He lags behind in growth or weight;
- He has a bad appetite, but a great craving for sweets;
- He complains of pain in the navel ;
- Nausea and vomiting are not uncommon;
- He has an unstable chair, that is, alternating diarrhea and constipation.
In this case, there is no time to determine which area of the tongue is covered by the plaque. One should immediately consult a doctor, undergo a test, including parasitic infections and stomatitis. The last ailment is a common disease in children, especially in infants. The plaque with stomatitis is not uniform, white, with grains, there may be sores on the mucous membrane. The reason to see a doctor are also complaints of pain and burning in the mouth. Children younger eat poorly or, in general, refuse food, cry, experience anxiety.
In addition, you need to closely monitor the plaque on the tongue, if the baby often gets cold and at the same time is prone to complications of the bronchopulmonary system. In this case, the plaque will appear on the front of the tongue on both sides. Education at the root indicates that the child has a problem with the large intestine. If the plaque is located in the middle, then this indicates a violation of the functions of the upper intestine. If the language is covered with a thick layer of white coating - the child has a viral disease. By its number, you can determine the extent of the disease. If the raid begins to disappear, then the baby will soon recover.
In addition to white, the tongue can form a plaque of other colors. Each of them is a symptom of some disease. In this case, first of all, the coloring of the tongue with food dyes and physiological factors should be excluded. Some types of food change the color of the organ, but not for long. This should not cause cause for concern. Physiological change in color is observed after eating, and also in the mornings. For example, the coloring of a yellow coating occurs both due to the consumption of coloring products, and as a result of smoking, poor oral hygiene, dehydration of the body, and the intake of certain medications.
Products that can give yellowness include drinks containing caffeine (coffee, black tea), artificial colors in foods, as well as their natural counterparts, which are found in orange and bright yellow fruits, berries, vegetables and spices. When the coating is stained with food, it disappears after cleaning. If this does not happen, then the reason is not products.
Yellow smear when smoking often appears in the morning. In this case, cleaning does not remove, but only reduces its brightness. Poor cleansing of the mouth leads to the multiplication of bacteria, from whose residues and formation of plaque. If the tongue is not cleaned, it becomes denser. Pink remains only the tip, which is cleared of the teeth. Dehydration of the body occurs with intoxication, high temperature and intestinal infection.
When raising, the tongue becomes covered with a white coating, with infection - yellow-brown. Dehydration is accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting. In this case, the tongue is covered not only by plaque, but also by cracks. They sometimes even bleed. In response to antibiotics and hormones, as well as some other medicines, the plaque acquires a yellow-green hue. It is worth noting that the medications themselves do not stain the tongue. This occurs as a result of the effect of the drug on the liver, which works in a strengthened mode, throwing toxins into the blood.
Other colors of the raid
If the color change is not related to food and physiological causes and lasts more than five days, this indicates a pathological nature of the origin of the plaque. In this case, you need to contact the appropriate doctor in a timely manner. Brown, crimson, green and any other shade of a touch signals that the body lacks minerals, vitamins. And also speaks about the likelihood of a serious illness - diabetes, tuberculosis, heart disease and even typhoid fever, cholera or Crohn's disease.
Usually white color is typical for digestive tract diseases. But when the tongue is covered with a touch of a yellowish hue, it is worth paying attention to the liver. Such formations indicate that the gallbladder is undergoing inflammatory process or stones are formed, the outflow of bile is broken. In addition, there is the possibility of liver damage by viral hepatitis.
Dark and yellow-brown plaque in the language informs about liver diseases and chronic cholecystitis. If it is formed on the middle part, then the accumulation of toxins is likely in the stomach, the thin and duodenum; In the back - harmful substances are localized in the large intestine. Gray-yellow plaque is formed with chronic diseases of the stomach, intestines, increased acidity and dehydration of the body. The change in color to gray is characteristic for exacerbation of the disease or transition to a chronic stage. If the scurf becomes black, it means that the disease has passed to the critical stage.
Jaundiced tongue in children
Yellow plaque in children appears for the same reasons as in adults. But we should not forget about everyday causes. After all, the child can color the language because of his age. For example, markers, paints and pencils. In this case, the language may turn out to be not only yellow, but also any other, even unimaginable, color.
In infants, the tongue can turn yellow after the beginning of complementary feeding. This reaction is often given by pumpkin and carrots. But it does not last long. Also, candies, sparkling water, chewing gum can temporarily change the color of the coating. Attentive attitude to the nutrition of the child and oral hygiene from the earliest days will allow to get rid of this unpleasant phenomenon.
But if all these reasons are excluded, it is necessary to follow the general condition of the baby. Perhaps there are changes in behavior, well-being.
Causes of yellow language in the child:
- Hemolysis of newborns. A fairly complex condition, characterized by an increase in the liver, icterus of the veins and a high concentration of bilirubin in the blood.
- Biliary dyskinesia. In this case, the child will be whiny and irritable, periodically complain of pain in the abdomen, nausea, lack of appetite.
- Dehydration. Children easily catch infection, including with vomiting, diarrhea.
- Stomatitis. Although with stomatitis plaque white, it can turn yellow if the mouth is not carefully taken care of.
- Parasitic infestations. The tongue can turn yellow when infected with worms, which often happens in childhood.
But even assuming a diagnosis, the child's self-medication can not be done in any case. If you suspect a particular disease, you need to see a doctor to get a checkup and get qualified help.
Structure of the raid
An important role is also played by the structure of the plaque and its density. So, curdled formations mean that the mucosa is affected by a fungal infection. A yellow scurf on a damp, shiny tongue speaks of chronic colitis and pathologies of the gallbladder. If it is dry, there is a violation of the secretory function of the stomach. A thin and soft uniform plaque indicates a beginning of the flu or ARVI. In this case, problems with the gastrointestinal tract are possible. Sometimes such a reaction is provoked by products and medications. Dense and thick plaque is formed in severe infections and chronic pathologies of the liver and gallbladder.
Treatment of plaque in the language
White scurf does not always require special treatment. Before resorting, for example, to medicines, one must understand why language is imposed. If the cause is tea, coffee, other food or smoking, then it is worth giving them up. And the raid disappears by itself. It is also necessary to monitor oral hygiene. Cleaning teeth and tongue at least twice a day helps to cope with the plaque and prevents its formation. The tongue can be cleaned with a special device. These are often equipped with toothbrushes, but there are special scrapers for the tongue. In addition, you can clean the excess with a teaspoon or a piece of gauze. Clear the tongue from the root part to the tip. In this case, you can use toothpaste. Particularly well helps with antibacterial agents in the composition. Also, rinse your mouth after each meal and floss.
But if the refusal of coffee or smoking did not help, hygiene is observed, but the scurf is still forming, it is worth asking for help from a doctor. He will determine the cause and prescribe the treatment.
Folk remedy for plaque
White plaque is successfully eliminated by decoctions of various plants. Traditional medicine advises the use of chamomile, St. John's wort, yarrow, oak bark, sage. You can rinse your mouth with vegetable oil. A spoonful of liquid should be sucked for about 10-15 minutes, then spit it out. During this time, the oil becomes white. If its hue has not changed, then the procedure is not carried out correctly. It must be repeated. The language after that becomes much clearer. After completing the procedure, the mouth should be thoroughly rinsed with water.
Yellow plaque is removed, if you periodically chew propolis or rassasyvat since morning in your mouth a teaspoon of honey. Also, rinse with a decoction of chamomile, oregano, lime blossom, sage. Good prevention of plaque - firm vegetables and fruits. They give a load on the teeth and mechanically clean the tongue. In addition, you need to monitor the liver and gastrointestinal tract. It is recommended to take a decoction of flax seeds with gastritis and ulcers, and to maintain the functions of the liver to arrange unloading days and drink plenty of clean water. However, these funds do not eliminate the cause of the plaque, but only temporarily eliminate it and disinfect the oral cavity. If, after rinsing, you still have a yellow or white tongue, the doctor needs treatment.
So, a raid of an abnormal shade and unusual structure, which does not take place more than five days, should cause concern. Physiological entities associated with bad habits and colored food are cleaned by regular hygiene of the oral cavity. The darker and denser the plaque, the more difficult it is to clean it and the more serious the problem. Therefore, the sooner you contact a doctor, if you have a tongue obscured, the sooner you find a problem and quickly get rid of it.
Do not ignore the signals of the disease. They are always served a tongue-tied language, especially in children. Do not let this sign out of sight. If you see that your tongue has overlaid the tongue, the plaque is not removed mechanically, it has a pronounced color and changed structure, be sure to go through the examination to make a diagnosis and not to start the disease.