What is schizophrenia is not really known to everyone. Although many people have heard of it. Where from? Television, books, the Internet - yes, indeed, many creative people try to weave it into some tricky plot. What is so interesting about this disease? What are its features? How can they get sick? What are the types of schizophrenia? This will be discussed here.
What is schizophrenia?
In fact, this is a very serious mental disorder. It distorts a person's consciousness - the ability to correctly think, think, and adequately perceive what is happening around is lost. The patient ceases to distinguish reality from fiction.
Patients with schizophrenia are poorly adapted in society, they find it difficult to find work, start a family, friends. Many suffering from it are afraid of life, the manifestation of attention to their personality is perceived as something capable of entailing dangerous consequences. Is it possible to control the symptoms of schizophrenia? Yes it is possible. However, we note that the treatment can take years.
What is schizophrenia? Many confuse her with a split personality. In fact, they are completely different diseases, each of which has a lot of its own characteristics. Similarities are few.
Schizophrenics can completely lose touch with reality. This mental disorder can create such illusions, which are difficult to get rid of. They seize the mind and prevent a person from living a normal life.
The world of a patient with schizophrenia is a conglomeration of sounds, images, thoughts, phenomena. Schizophrenics very often behave strangely, extremely defiantly and even indecently. In general, for this disease is very typical mood swings, which, of course, affect the behavior. A person who reads the book calmly can start crushing everything around in a second, and then sit down and cry. Emotions are not connected - they can not be foreseen.
Each patient has schizophrenia manifested in different ways. In some cases, it can pass after the first exacerbation, in others - its symptoms will persecute a person until the end of his days. In the second case, it is possible that the patient between psychopathic episodes will lead a completely normal life.
Symptoms of the disease are unstable. For schizophrenia, remissions and relapses are characteristic.
Types of schizophrenia
Yes, under the given term it is really understood at once some diseases. What is schizophrenia? This is nothing more than a group of similar mental disorders. They have both individual and general symptoms. Here are its varieties:
- undifferentiated schizophrenia. It is characterized by the symptoms of several types of schizophrenia at once - hence the name;
- Paranoid schizophrenia. It is characterized by the presence in patients of one or at once several obsessive or delusional ideas. Also, we can talk about false beliefs. Often, all these thoughts are associated with impending danger or persecution. With all this, the emotions and thinking of patients are about the same as in healthy people;
- Disorganized schizophrenia. Thoughts and speech are incoherent, inconsistent. Behavior is often inadequate. The patient can behave stupidly, illogically, childishly. Also worth mentioning is that the behavior is not organized. The ability to work is lost, and also to perform any actions (sometimes even very simple ones);
- Catatonic schizophrenia. The brightest in this case are the physical symptoms. Its main sign is that the patient is motionless, there is no reaction to the surrounding reality. Symptoms include a simple reluctance to move;
Residual schizophrenia. In this case, the symptoms can be almost invisible. Yes, the patient can be tormented by hallucinations, strange thoughts, but this will proceed in a softer form than with any other schizophrenia.