Types of offers and their features

Despite the fact that the sentence is minimal in a language unit having a communicative function, the kinds of sentences are very diverse.

In Russian, they can be divided into several categories. One of them is the purpose with which this design is used. Using the syntactic structure, we can simply transfer information, ask questions, force someone to fulfill a request or order. Depending on this orientation, the types of sentences are divided according to the purpose of the utterance. There are only three of them:

  • Narrative, containing the usual message or transmitting information (How wonderful are the summer evenings in Lakes, I know that it will rain today).

  • Forced, targeted direction of which is an order, encouragement to action or a request (Sing me a song. Bring me a book quickly.) Please send that box to me.

  • Interrogative (How are you? How much does it cost? When will you be back?).

Any proposal, simple or complex, exclamatory or not, can be pronounced with calm intonation, and can carry an expansion. This allows you to divide all kinds of sentences by emotional coloring, that is, they can be non-exclamatory or exclamatory. The latter during the utterance are characterized by a special intonation, and on the letter at the end they are put an exclamation mark. (The evening is beautiful, how beautiful the evening is!)

If we consider sentences from the point of view of the grammatical basis, then we can single out

  • Two-part sentences, in which there are both main members (the Girls sang a sincere song);

  • One-part structures in which the base is represented by only one of them (Somewhere sing).

By the presence of secondary members or their absence, the types of proposals are divided into

  • Common (the morning sun shone bright sun).

  • Undistributed (The sun was shining).

By whether all the necessary members or some of them are absent, it can be judged whether the proposal is complete or incomplete. (I work as a teacher (full).) Sister - a doctor (incomplete)).

In addition to these categories, proposals can be divided into simple and complex.

Simple sentences are constructions in which there is one grammatical basis. (In the sky hangs like a balloon Moon). Complex sentences consist of several parts, each of which has a grammatical basis. (In the sky hangs the Moon, which is very similar to a ball).

Consider the types of connection in sentences.

In the simple leading connection is the subordinate. This means that each word (a sentence member) depends on the other, i.e. From one word to another you can ask a question. This does not apply to the subject and the predicate, between which there is a special relationship. All kinds of sentences, even single words, are a construction that implies, although it does not mean a subordinate connection with other words. (It gets dark) or (The summer gets dark early).

In the sentences, homogeneous terms are associated in the sentences. (Slowly but steadily, we were approaching the goal, both adults and children were greatly agitated).

The subordinate link in the sentence can be

  • Coordination, when the forms of the main and dependent words coincide (Red flag, second student)

  • Adjacency, when one of the words included in the sentence is unchangeable (Quickly leave, very early).

  • Management, when the main word requires a dependent form (Lying on the table, enter the house).

It should be remembered that these types of communication do not apply to grammatical basis, compound predicate, introductory word.

Parts of a complex sentence can be related:

  • (The sun is shining and the rain is drizzling, calendar winter has come, but it's still warm on the street).

  • Subordinate (I'll leave today earlier because I'm expected at school.)

  • (I will leave earlier: they wait for me at home.) I left the classroom-everyone was noisy.)

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