How to define a simple sentence?

The sentence is the most significant unit in one of the sections of linguistics - syntax. Syntax scientists divide all sentences into two types - a complex and simple sentence. In complex - establish at least two grammatical bases. For example: It was golden autumn, and the whole park was dotted with colorful leaves. Where the first grammatical basis - came autumn, and the second - the leaves were littered.

A simple sentence is a kind of sentence, in which there are no more than one grammatical basis. For example: In a dense milk fog someone's dark, dark silhouette looms. The grammatical basis here will be - a silhouette looms - one. From the above, we can conclude that the simple sentence differs from the complex number of predicative centers.

The predicate center of a sentence or its grammatical basis is the subject and predicate. The subject is one of the main members of the sentence, in which the meaning of what the author is talking about is concluded. It can answer only questions - what? Or who? Calls a subject who performs an action or an object that is also subject to a process. More often than other parts of speech, the function of the subject is taken over by nouns or pronouns. The other main member of the sentence is the predicate. He has questions - what to do? who is doing? (For a verb - in any specific, temporal forms and inclinations, including in an indefinite form). A predicate denotes an action, a process, expresses a state or attribute of an object, a subject - a subject. The most common role of the predicate verb. Although often the same role is played by adjectives, especially those in short form.

A simple sentence is classified according to the following points:

  • Depending on the purpose for which it is expressed, it can be narrative, motivating or interrogative.
  • From the intonation with which it is pronounced, depends type - exclamation or non-exclamatory sentence.
  • From the number of main members depends on the two-part or single-composition of the proposal (two-part - has in its presence both the subject and the predicate, one-part - respectively, only one of the main members).
  • A simple sentence can be complete or incomplete. Full is called the proposal, which contains all the components necessary for logical completeness. And in the incomplete - there is not enough of any member (this can be both the main and secondary member of the proposal). Although the missed unit of speech is easily guessed from the context.
  • By the presence of secondary members (definition, addition and circumstance) distinguish between common and non-common types of simple sentences. A common sentence is a sentence that contains secondary members (including, of course, the main ones), and the uncommon ones are where they are absent (hence, there is only a predicative center).
  • The presence (or absence) of various designs determines whether the proposal is complicated or not. In a complicated sentence, it is always possible to distinguish all possible introductory insertions, isolated applications, definitions (agreed and uncoordinated); Addresses to someone, speech, clarifying and clarifying words, phraseological combinations. And vice versa, in uncomplicated - we will not find such plug-in constructions .

A simple sentence: an example of an analysis.

Everywhere, on bushes and trees, young green leaves are blossoming.

Simple sentence, narrative, non-exculpatory, two-part, full, widespread, complicated.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.