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The modern "Zarnitsa". What it is?

The older generation, who grew up in the Soviet Union, is well known for the game "Zarnitsa". What it is? Mass popularity was gained by a combination of interesting mobile games and military-patriotic education. Previously, it was played by everyone - both the pioneers and October. And how these competitions are adapted for modern children and adolescents?

"Sunshade". What is it today?

"Zarnitsa" is a military sports game for children of different ages, aimed at teaching the basic principles of military affairs in a playful form.

With the collapse of the USSR, the game did not lose its popularity. Now many schoolchildren have to answer the question: "Zarnitsa" - what is it? "- they respond enthusiastically that this is one of the best school games, it's not boring lessons and not a military drill, but an incredibly interesting match, during which you can get a lot of useful Skills and knowledge.

"Zarnitsa" is a game of many generations and different scales. It can be played both by one class and by a whole state, beginning with the first graders and ending with the fifth year of higher education. There is a huge number of ready-made scenarios for participants of different ages. All of them contain intellectual, sports or strategic tasks. Performing them, the guys train the mind, body and wit. Competitions can last for several hours, days and even weeks. They can employ personnel and even military equipment.

History of occurrence

For the first time, "Zarnitsa", a game of Soviet youth, was held in 1964, although officially it was recognized in the USSR in 1967. Its author is a teacher from the Perm region Zoya Krotova. She also developed the rules of the game.

Very quickly, "Zarnitsa" won popularity among young people, having received the status of the All-Union. And it's not accidental: besides the entertaining nature, the game had a clear political implication - the upbringing of the military-patriotic Soviet spirit among schoolchildren. In addition, it was the first stage of preparation for military service. Repeatedly, contests were held on the territory of military units with the involvement of military, army weapons and special equipment.


"Zarnitsa" is a game whose rules imply the division of participants into teams with the same number of players. The number of teams depends on the number of declared participants. Each team chooses a commander, thinks through the logo and name.

At this time, the "command" in the person of the pedagogical staff of the school or camp develops a game scenario, makes plans, creates individual tasks for the teams.

The beginning of the games is a solemn line, during which the banner is carried to the sounds of the anthem. Further, the "commander-in-chief" declares martial law and sets the main task. Captains get plans for the routes.

Further, teams develop tactics of the game: an action plan is drawn up, for each of the points of which a certain participant answers.

After the start, a competition begins in which teams move from one stage of the game to another, winning points or receiving trophies for completed tasks. These can be intellectual issues or sports standards of military orientation.

The result of the game can be taking a banner, winning a certain number of points, etc.

The main stages of the game

"Zarnitsa" is a game whose goal is to teach military craft, so its main stages include tasks that can instill useful skills. For example:

- Presentation, which includes presentation of the symbols and emblems of the team and the original greetings of teams of rivals.

- Drilling training.

- The obstacle course, which checks the physical preparation of participants, teaches mutual assistance and partnership: the strong must help the weak, otherwise the whole team will lose.

- Provision of first aid (PMP) to a wounded comrade. The skills of PMP for bleeding, burns, wounds, fractures, etc. are being learned. Correct transfer of the victim to a safe area.

- Putting the gas mask on speed.

- Installation of a tent and packing of a backpack.

- The ability to quickly light a fire and boil water.

- Ability to navigate the map and compass on the ground.

- Military song.

Further, depending on the age of the participants and the objectives of the event, such stages as assembly of the Kalashnikov assault rifle, military mountaineering, digging trenches and trenches, skills in handling military equipment and weapons, etc., can be included.

Useful skills

The military-patriotic game "Zarnitsa" is aimed at bringing up a strong spirit, a strong body and a flexible mind. In addition, it instills positive moral values: responsibility, team spirit, patriotism, courage and courage.

"Zarnitsa" - what is it? A role-playing game in which each stage develops certain skills and abilities that can be useful not only for military service (drills, weapons skills, obstacle course, etc.), but also in all life unforeseen situations (the ability to navigate the terrain , Put up a tent and pack a backpack, provide first aid, light a fire).

Choose an already prepared script or write it yourself - enjoy the game!

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