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The image of Luzhin in the novel "Crime and Punishment": characterization and analysis of the character

The image of Luzhin in the novel "Crime and Punishment" occupies an important place. This hero is negative, but quite bright and interesting. Characteristics Luzhin - one of the most common themes of works on literature.

Collective image

Dostoevsky attached special importance to the eyes in describing the appearance of his heroes. The view revealed both the inner world of the character, and the attitude of the author himself to him. But nothing is said about Luzhin's eyes in the novel. This character is an unspiritual personality, examples of which began to appear in plenty during the time of Dostoevsky. In it there is no such complex inconsistency, as, for example, in Svidrigailov. Therefore, the writer did not characterize his view.

The image of Luzhin in the novel "Crime and Punishment" is based on the description of appearance and some unseemly acts. This is enough to draw a conclusion - the hero is a primitive mediocrity, and such as he appeared not only in the second half of the nineteenth century, but also much later, at all turning points in the economic and political sphere of the country.

Who is Luzhin?

This person decides to marry the sister of the protagonist - Dunya Raskolnikova. In the future bride, first of all, he is not attracted by spiritual beauty. He can not see it because of his own lack of spirituality. Dunya is poor, and therefore will be a submissive wife. The image of Luzhin in the novel "Crime and Punishment" plays a role in the construction of the plot.

Raskolnikov goes to the crime for the sake of the idea he created. But the need is pushing him to the crime, in which he is not alone, but his family as well. To become Luzhin's wife for Dunya is to sacrifice herself for the sake of her brother.


Luzhin is a nouveau riche. This man is just beginning to "break out into people." And all his appearance he wants to draw the attention of others to his acquired well-being. The image of Luzhin in the novel "Crime and Punishment" boils down to a description of the clothes and work of a hairdresser who carries out very careful manipulations on the head and whiskers of this gentleman. He has a pleasant appearance, he is about forty-five years old, but he looks a little younger. His clothing is impeccable and has a fashionable veil.

Dostoevsky's work inspires theater directors and cinematographers for over a hundred years. The image of Luzhin in the novel "Crime and Punishment", a photo of which can be seen above, in the representation of artists is a pretty unambiguous figure. He is externally pleasing, but for his appearance there is nothing. And that's why he so aggressively curtsy at the hairdresser and so carefully chooses his wardrobe items. The author himself emphasizes this, and these properties do not go unnoticed by other heroes of the novel.

He has a gold lorgnette, from his cambric handkerchief it smells of perfume, and on his finger he wears a massive, extremely beautiful ring. Nevertheless, the image of Luzhin in the novel "Crime and Punishment" can be briefly expressed in the following words: a slanderer and unworthy people. That's what his main characters are called, and this is how the author himself portrays him.

Luzhin and Raskolnikov

These characters in the work at first glance have nothing in common. Raskolnikov suffers because of his ideas. He could not realize them. Luzhin is calm and reasonable. He does not know the idealism of the fans of the Napoleonic genius. He is only a businessman who knows the philosophy of "petty egoism." With this way of thinking you can live happily ever after, without tormenting or suffering. But petty selfishness has something in common with the idea of "the right of having". The similarity consists in rejecting the basic Christian principles.

Raskolnikov feels dislike towards Luzhin even before the first meeting. He learns about the role of this gentleman in the fate of the sister from the letter of the mother. The feeling that the protagonist experiences when meeting, reminds of fastidiousness. But later he notes with horror that there is something in common between them.

Dostoevsky's image of Luzhin was faithfully and realistically created in the novel Crime and Punishment. A summary of the character's characteristics is set forth in this article. But the writer's extraordinary ability to express the most profound and subtle aspects of reality can be felt only after reading the novel completely. The realism of Dostoevsky is a unique phenomenon not only in Russian, but also in world literature.

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