The history of cross-stitch embroidery - from antiquity to the present day

The history of the appearance of cross-stitch as a separate type of needlework is unknown. However, even primitive people knew the basics of sewing. This is evidenced by the findings of archaeologists. During the excavations, animal skins were found, sewn with coarse stitches. There were also the first threads with needles. Both of them looked completely different than they are now. Instead of threads, veins of animals, wool, plant fibers, hair were used. The needles were made of wood, stone, bristles, and fish bones. The first cross-stitch patterns were found in Egyptian tombs. According to experts, these works were created approximately in 600 - 700 years BC. From this it follows that the history of cross-stitch embroidery totals more than 2,5 thousand years.

In each country the history of cross-stitching developed in its own way. Noticeably different style and color scheme of the drawings. As a rule, the images reflected national traditions, religious rituals, as well as what was considered beautiful by a single people.

For example, cross-stitching in Western Europe, which became particularly popular in the 16th century, reflected stories and texts from the Bible. At the end of the XVIII century the subject of images became more diverse. Embroidery in the East was distinguished by the variety of colors used and the complexity of the ornament.

The history of cross-stitch embroidery in Russia dates back to the 10th century. The fact that embroidered in Russia even then, indicate the findings of archaeologists. Basically, these were images of characters on costumes and household items. In the XVIII century, all segments of the population were already engaged in this handicraft. Subjects of urban embroidery constantly changed under the influence of Western fashion, and in peasant crafts, ancient customs and rituals continued to be reflected.

The cross-stitching of the Russians in the first place played the role of an amulet. Therefore, it was performed on the sleeves, the neck and the hem of the shirt - in places where the body is in contact with the outside world. Embroidered with a cross towels and towels carried a symbol of fertility and the cult of their ancestors. Each color, sign and symbol used in the work had a definite meaning. The history of cross-stitch embroidery in the regions of Russia developed in different ways. In each province, their symbols and methods of performing the ornament were used. Traditional embroidery in the people continued to exist until the second quarter of the XX century.

Gradually, the strict traditions retreated, and this needlework began to be engaged mainly for the sake of pleasure. Do not lose its popularity and now embroidery cross. Beautiful and easy from the needles of craftsmen are real masterpieces! And this is not necessarily a long time to study. It is enough to buy ready-made canvas, thread and needle to create your own unique pattern. In addition, for beginners there are ready-made sets with all the necessary ones, to which the scheme of the future image is also attached. It already marked cells of the appropriate color, for which you need to do embroidery. The choice of such sets is very diverse - from small and simple flowers to huge and complex landscapes. It remains only to decide and try this fascinating kind of needlework.

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