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Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music. Moscow House of Music. International House of Music, Svetlanov Hall

December 26, 2002 in Moscow, on Kosmodamianskaya Embankment, the House of Music was opened, a grandiose concert complex of the new generation, which entered the architectural ensemble "Red Hills".

Earlier in the Russian capital there were only two musical centers: the Moscow Conservatory (Great Hall) and the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall. The Conservatory needed major repairs for a long time, and it was clear that Moscow would soon be left without a main concert hall unless urgent measures were taken. The Tchaikovsky Hall also aroused fears, since the premises were operated without major repairs since 1941.

Start of construction

The government of Moscow decided to build a new concert complex, and for this purpose a society of shareholders "Krasnye Holmy" was created, which was headed by the famous playwright Mikhail Filippovich Shatrov. Investors were attracted, financial resources were received, and in September 2000 construction began. The house of music was built in record time, given the complexity of the architecture of the ten-story building with a three-tiered stylobate and two floors that go underground.

Opening of the complex

December 26, 2002 the opening of the International House of Music was held, the ceremony was attended by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.

The architectural merits of the new concert complex are undeniable, in 2003 the building received the highest award of the XI International Festival "Zodchestvo-2003", the prize "Crystal Daedalus". The Moscow House of Music dominates the Kosmodamianskaya Embankment.

The complex of the Moscow International House of Music consists of three concert halls: Svetlanovsky, Chamber and Theater. All the halls are built according to separate, independent projects and do not correlate with each other. In addition to concert halls, the House of Music has an exhibition gallery, a music summer terrace, a flower salon, a restaurant, a recording studio.

Svetlanovsky Hall

Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music is the largest concert venue of the complex. It is an organ hall of the philharmonic type, received the name of the great Russian conductor of our time, Eugene Svetlanov, composer and pianist, laureate of the State and Lenin Prizes of the USSR, People's Artist of the USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor. Unfortunately, Svetlanov himself did not live up to the solemn date, he died on May 3, 2002, six months before the opening of MMDM.

The scheme of the Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music is a zone of elliptical shape with the arrangement of the orchestra, as it were, in the middle of the audience chairs. In fact, the bulk of the audience is located in the stalls and amphitheater in front of the orchestra, as well as in the ranks.


Svetlanovsky hall of the House of Music is intended for concerts and competitions, music festivals, as well as jubilee concert events. Since the Svetlanovsky Hall was intended to become a concentration of musical art, he had to have outstanding acoustic characteristics. The sound of an orchestra or even one instrument depends on the interaction of the sound wave with the surface of walls, ceiling and floor. The project for the construction of such a complex facility, which was the Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music, provided for this factor. And so, already at the stage of erection of the walls, the architects connected the specialists of the Melnikov Research Institute to work, which was entrusted with creating an acoustic zone covering the entire hall.

Siberian larch

It was necessary to find a suitable material, reflecting the sound gently and without distortion. A unique solution was found using natural Siberian larch wood. The material is fine-grained, heavy and durable. Products from larch persist for centuries, the wood does not affect the temperature and humidity changes. The thickness and planar parameters of the skin elements were determined experimentally, and the material was prepared and dried. Then, when a characteristic ringing sound appeared when the hammer struck the workpiece, the larch entered the machining stage. The whole Svetlanov Hall was lined with Siberian larch and, thus, got the necessary acoustic sound.

Body of six thousand pipes

The Moscow House of Music (Svetlanov Hall) allows to fully realize the advantages of a unique organ. It is part of an extensive concert venue. The organ is made by the German company Glatter-Gotz and the workshop for the production of musical instruments Klais. It is a traditional symphonic instrument of a romantic nature. The organ's disposition and the conceptual component were developed by Philippe Kleis and Kaspar von Glatter-Goetz with the direct participation of the Russian specialist Pavel Kravchun.

The tool has six thousand pipes of special metal and wood, the longest of them - 12 meters, the shortest - only 10 millimeters. Metal pipes are cast from a soft material - tin and lead. The tone and sound was achieved due to the proportions of the alloy. Wooden pipes are made of fir and pine wood. The bass was turned on special machines from oak. The giant size of the body required a special design in 3D and with the task of three-dimensional design. Guided by the canons of organ acoustics, the task was brilliantly handled by an architect from Scotland, Graham Tristram. The engineering scheme of the Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music assumed the placement of an organ at the back wall, just behind the orchestra stage.

The body was disassembled into components for transportation from Germany to Moscow, because its dimensions - 14 meters in height, 10 meters in width and 3.5 meters in depth - did not allow the whole instrument to be transported. When the organ arrived in Moscow, a whole team of technicians collected it for a month. And then tuners worked on the tool for another six months.

Opening of the body

The organ in the Svetlanov Hall is composed of 84 registers, an even number of rows of pipes with the same timbre allowed to place the blocks according to the symmetry principle and to find the optimal position for each register. The organ sounded right after the adjustment, and no permutations were required. The instrument panel was visited by organists with world names, such as Winfried Bönig, Jean Guillaume, Olivier Latri, Simon Preston and others. Comments the musicians left only positive.

In 2004, December 21, the solemn opening ceremony of the organ in the Svetlanov Hall was held. For the instrument organists Vasily Dolinsky, a Russian musician, Clemens Schnorr from Germany and an Englishman Thomas Trotter sat down.

Annually, starting from 2009, in the Svetlanovsky Hall there are reporting concerts of the Bolshoi Children's Choir named after V. Popov.

President of the House of Music - world-famous musician, permanent artistic director of the Moscow Virtuosi Orchestra, conductor and teacher, People's Artist of the USSR, Vladimir Teodorovich Spivakov.

Concerts in the Svetlanovsky Hall

The International House of Music (Svetlanov Hall) is a place where classical music concerts are constantly held, in which symphony orchestras, both Russian and foreign, instrumentalists and folklore ensembles take part. Also international festivals and forums on art, evenings of creativity of known musicians, festive performances of musical collectives and conferences are arranged.

Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music, photo of which is presented in this article, like the whole complex, is on budgetary support from the state. However, the administration has the right to organize paid performances of invited orchestras and folklore groups. Tickets cost from one and a half to three thousand rubles, depending on the place on the ground. Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music, the poster of which with a program of concerts is updated daily, accommodates 1700 spectators, with slightly larger chairs. The commercial component here is stable. Almost always in the Svetlanov Concert Hall sold-out.

Memorial Busts

The entrance to the Svetlanovsky Hall of the House of Music precedes the foyer, the space of which was originally empty, but then in June 2005 Nina Svetlanov, the widow of conductor Yevgeny Svetlanov, brought to the House of Music the bust of the deceased spouse of the sculptor M. Anikushin. A bronze bust adorned the middle of the hall. It happened at the closing of the concert season of 2005. And in 2007, next to him was installed a bust of the composer Shostakovich.

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