The Moscow International House of Music is the largest cultural center, a multifunctional philharmonic complex created for the purpose of developing performing arts in modern Russia. The opening ceremony took place in 2002, on December 26. Present at the same time, Russian President Vladimir Putin called the MMDM "a magnificent crystal cup."
A bit of history
The house of music, an international masterpiece of modern architecture, immediately attracted the attention of the world music community. Previously, the stars performed at the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall and the Moscow Conservatory, but these two venues did not satisfy the demands of the Moscow public.
In 2000, the Krasnye Holmy JSC was established, which was headed by the famous theatrical figure Mikhail Shatrov. He managed to attract foreign investment, and construction began. Thus, the long-awaited Moscow House of Music appeared. The international status of the complex was awarded after the conclusion of contracts with the leading performers of the opera scene, ballet art and the famous chamber orchestras. The program of speeches was made one year ahead.
The house of music, an international complex of world significance, is located on the bank of the Moskva River. One of the most beautiful embankments of Zamoskvorechye has become a worthy edifice of the masterpiece of modern architecture. The Moscow International House of Music organically blends into the surrounding landscape and today is an adornment of the Russian capital. Around the complex the architectural buildings of the ensemble "Krasnye Holmy" were dispersed. The address of the House of Music: Kosmodamianskaya embankment, 52, building 8.
The capital of Russia, a metropolis of world scale, is the keeper of unique masterpieces of ancient architecture. However, in recent years more and more buildings have been built, not inferior in their architectural value to buildings from the distant past. One of such examples was the Moscow International House of Music. Moscow received from the builders a truly grandiose gift - a building that can compete in its majesty with the cathedral of Peter in the Vatican.
Ten floors, built in the style of the newest modern glass and strong composite structures, are based on a three-tiered stylobate. Two more floors leave under the earth, on six-meter depth. The height of the House of Music is over 46 meters, and the total area of the complex exceeds 40 thousand square meters. M.
The architectural project was developed in the construction firm "TTA" ("Association of Theater Architects"). Initially it was planned to place two rooms with a capacity of 1800 and 600 seats in the MMDM. Then another concert hall was added for 524 seats. Also in the construction plan were added a specialized store, a salon of branded musical instruments, a restaurant "Allegro", an exhibition hall "History of Music of the World" with exhibits. Thus, the final project was created - the House of Music, an international, world-wide philharmonic complex.
The president of MMDM was the famous conductor and violinist, the permanent director of the Virtuosos of Moscow Spivakov Vladimir.
The dome pommel of the House of Music in the shape of a hemisphere is decorated with a ten-meter treble clef in the frame of laurel leaves, covered with gold leaf. The symbol of musical art rotates on a vertical axis, like a weathervane. A complex system for supporting heavy construction includes a giant roller bearing, reliably fixed in the concrete frame of the top of the dome.
Structure of the complex
The Moscow House of Music consists of three concert halls: Svetlanovsky, Theatrical and Chamber, each of them is built on a separate project.
The extensive concert hall is named after the great musician and conductor Yevgeny Svetlanov, who made an invaluable contribution to the Russian musical culture. The creativity of the composer can be traced back to 1954, when he began to act as a conductor at the Bolshoi Theater, and until his death in 2002.
The scheme of the Svetlanovsky Hall of the International House of Music is characterized by a rational layout, its capacity is 1699 seats. The hall is intended for performances of symphony orchestras, competitions and festivals. The walls and interior details are lined with Siberian larch, the best acoustic material that nature has created.
The scheme of the Svetlanov Hall of the International House of Music, together with the acoustic parameters developed by the Institute of Building Physics, gives an unsurpassed effect. During the concert the softest sounds of the instruments sound.
After the famous Carnegie Hall, the International House of Music (the scheme of the hall named after Evgeny Svetlanov is presented in the article) is considered the most successful from the point of view of acoustic characteristics. The location of the seats contributes to optimum sound. In the middle of the hall there is a stalls, then the rows of the amphitheater are moving, and above, multi-storey balconies are located. It is characteristic that the balcony rows cover the stage almost in a circle. Thus, musicians are available for viewing from all sides. The array of spectator seats of the amphitheater and balconies is divided into two parts: the left and the right. Lodges Svetlanovsky hall are small, for five to seven seats.
Currently, Carnegie Hall does not hold symphonic concerts, only jazz ensembles appear on the stage. And the performers of classical music, who previously played in Manhattan, now try to perform in Moscow.
Body in the Svetlanovsky Hall
The Moscow International House of Music, the layout of concert venues allows for the placement of several stationary instruments, acquired a large organ made by the German company Glatter-Gotz. The design includes 6000 pipes of wood and tin, divided into 84 registers. The largest pipe has a length of 12 meters, it is made of a single piece of the spruce fir, the very variety from which the master violins Amati and Guarneri made their violins.
The instrument has already played all the most famous organists of the world, while leaving in the guest book a lot of enthusiastic reviews.
International House of Music, Chamber Hall
In the basement, right next to the Svetlanovsky Hall, there is another concert hall. This is a relatively small, only 556 seats, a chamber hall. The interior is designed in the Art Nouveau style, with dominant red-green tones. The floor covering in the chamber hall is dark green, the walls are decorated with green marble, the wooden decoration is dark burgundy color. The overall impression of interior color combinations is somewhat gloomy, but since the music that sounds in the walls of the chamber hall is predominantly minor, harmony is felt in the design.
The room is equipped with systems for transforming armchairs and stage, which makes it possible to use multipurpose. For a theatrical performance or a performance, the scene expands due to the retractable first five rows. The hall is also used for fashion shows, small themed concerts and public events.
The colors that dominate the theater hall are violet colors combined with dark gray and brown. The foyer in front of the entrance is decorated with a rich decorative panel made of natural wood.
Due to its high technical support, the Moscow House of Music is in constant readiness to implement the most complex projects, synthetic ideas that unite various types of art. An example is the performance of the symphonic orchestra "Russian Philharmonic" in conjunction with the chorus "New Opera". The audience was presented with a cantata "Carmina Burana" with a video projection of paintings of the Renaissance.