As early as last year, those wishing to travel to the then Ukrainian, and now the Russian Crimea by air, bought tickets for planes landing in the main air harbor of the peninsula-the Sevastopol airport. Today, in connection with the current situation in Ukraine, the air harbor is closed for passenger air traffic. However, the Russian authorities, however, like the citizens of the Russian Federation, who are accustomed to spend vacations in the Crimea, hope that soon there will be an opportunity to make regular flights here. Today, we propose to get a better idea of what the Sevastopol airport is like.
The international airport "Sevastopol" was established on the basis of a military airfield named Belbek. An air harbor is located on the Black Sea coast, on the territory of the Nakhimov district of the city-hero of Sevastopol. The airport is adjacent to a small village Lyubimovka. The distance from the air harbor to the city center is 11 km, to Simferopol - 50 km, to Yalta - 95 km.
The airport "Sevastopol" was founded in June 1941. Then it was a military airfield on which the fighter air regiment of the Soviet Air Force was based. After the end of the Great Patriotic War, the air harbor got a concrete runway (at first it was a ground runway), but it continued to be used exclusively by military aircraft.
In the second half of the eighties the airport runway was reconstructed and enlarged. This is due to the fact that in those days the air harbor was actively used by the first president of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, who came to his Crimean dacha in Foros. It was this reconstruction that allowed the aerodrome to accept civil aircraft in the future.
The first passenger flights to the airport "Sevastopol" took in August 1993. They were organized by LLC "Omega Airline". Further work in this direction was continued by the GKP established in 1994 under the name "Sevastopol Airport". At that time, twice a week, flights to Kiev on An-24 aircraft, as well as charter flights on IL-18 aircraft.
In 2002, the object under consideration was given the status of an international airport. In the next five years, more than four thousand flights were carried out here, about half of which were carried out in international directions. During this time, the main air harbor of Crimea was visited by more than fifty thousand passengers. However, in 2007 civil flights were suspended due to the refusal of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense to extend the agreement on joint use of the airfield.
Aerial harbor today
The functioning of the airport was resumed in the spring of 2010. Airlines "Dnepravia" and "Aerosvit" began to make regular flights from Kiev to Moscow and Dnepropetrovsk. The grand opening of the renewed air harbor of Sevastopol was held on May 30, 2010
In February 2014 the Belbek airport (Sevastopol) passed under the control of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
In the spring of this year Maxim Sokolov, the Minister of Transport of the Russian Federation, said that in the future the airport "Sevastopol" will accept only charter and business flights. This is due to the fact that its capacity is only 100 people per hour, and the runway, despite its sufficient length (three thousand meters), is not designed for increased loads associated with the landing and take-offs of large-sized aircraft.
In early summer of 2014, Dmitry Medvedev, the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, signed a document on transport communications with the Crimea, which, among other things, stipulates the inclusion of the air harbor of Sevastopol in the list of airfields for joint deployment of the Russian Federation. The prime minister also instructed the relevant authorities to prepare documentation on the possible modernization of the terminal and the runway.
Sevastopol Airport: directions
From the air harbor to the city center can be reached by taxi or bus number 137, which in the summer time shuttled every half hour. The cost of such a journey was about 35 rubles.
If you want to get to the airport "Sevastopol" from the northern part of the city, you will have to transfer with transplants. First, the boat needs to cross the Sevastopol Bay (last year it cost about 9 rubles), and then by bus no 36 to get directly to the air harbor. On the road you will spend a little less than an hour.
Sevastopol Airport: Flights
Due to the fact that to date the main air harbor of the Crimea is closed to civil aircraft, temporarily no passenger flights are made here. Also, at the airport there are closed shops, a cafe, and other infrastructure is not functioning.