Pluck Renclod collective farm: a description of the variety, features of planting and care

Variety of plum Renklod kolkhoz farm was deduced by IV Michurin at the end of the 19th century and since then has not lost its popularity among gardeners. It is a hybrid of Thorny and Renclod green. The date of the birth of the masterpiece of breeding can be called 1899 year. This year, ten years after planting the tree, the first fruits from this variety were obtained. Many years later, in 1947, the hybrid was sent for testing to the north-western and central regions of the country. You can grow this plum from the stone, using the plant as a stock for other varieties. Plum trees not only bring tasty and rich in nutritious fruits, but also serve to decorate the garden. In the spring they will be covered with wonderful white flowers, filling the space around them with fragrance.

Variety description

Plum Renklod kolkhoz - representative of a group of domestic plums. The fruit ripening period is early or medium. Plum Renklod kolkhoz fructifies on bouquet branches. The size of these trees is small: only 3 meters in height. They have a medium-sized and spreading crown of round shape, smooth silvery bark, straight shoots of medium thickness and a reddish hue. Lenticular little, they are small. The leaves are oval, medium, lime-colored, wavy along the edge. Petri dishes are pigmented. Flowers are white, small size.

Fruits of the variety Renklod kolkhoz

Fruits are medium in size, yellow-green in color, rounded with flattened tops. Plum is sweet, but with a little sourness. The side of the fetus lying on the edge of the bone is more often developed than near the blunt rib. Berries from the sunny side sometimes acquire a brownish blush. The skin of the drain is matte, thin, covered with small grayish dots over the entire surface. The weight of the fruit is 20 g on average. The ventral suture is not prominent, unlike the lateral suture in the bone. In the sink contains a huge amount of useful substances for the human body. It is the leader in the amount of pulp in the pulp such as potassium and the vitamins of group R. They have a positive effect on the work of the heart and strengthen the vascular system.

The main characteristic of the plum Renkloed kolkhoz - a plentiful harvest. The yellow flesh of the fruit is juicy, with a very delicate texture, medium density. A small bone separates from the pulp easily enough. The fruits have a sweet taste with a slight sourness. Plum taste very pleasant, juicy, it can be eaten as fresh, and made from jam, juices, jujube and other preparations for the winter. Light bitterness of the skin gives it a subtle shade. The flesh of the fruit is light green, tender and compacted. The variety starts to bloom late, the berries ripen in late August.

The beginning of the fruiting period depends on the method of planting: in root offspring, it occurs at 6 years, when planting the grafted seedling - one or two years before that date. The harvest is plentiful, from one young tree, at the age of 6 years, it is possible to collect up to 8 kg of plum, from an adult (over 10 years) - about 40 kg of fruit. The maximum possible yield is 51 kg. Because of the number of ovaries, branches can sag, because the crown becomes flat. Harvest must be collected promptly, otherwise the plum will begin to crumble.

Plinocene Röklöd kolkhoz: pollinators and grafting

This variety is self-fertilizing, that is, it needs pollinators to tie fruit. Plum of the stone, you can also take for the stock. Seeds of this variety quickly germinate and develop. A plant can not be dusted with a Chinese variety. The best pollinators are the varieties Skorospelka red, Hungarian Moscow, Eurasia 21, Large-fruited blackthorn, Volga beauty. Optimum use of two types of home plums at a time. Propagate the collective farm's Renklode most often by grafting plums onto another tree. The term of the fruiting depends on the rootstock. The procedure is carried out in early spring, when the plants are not yet awake. The most common way is to inoculate plums into a cleft. Other variants are possible, for example, inoculation under the cortex or in a cut on the lateral part, but this method can be practiced only after the onset of active sap flow.

Features of the varieties Renklod kolkhoz

One of the main advantages of the variety is very high yield and ability to withstand severe cold. Other features:

  • Thanks to the smooth trunk, the tree is not exposed to sunburn.
  • The bones of this household plum are a wonderful material for the rootstock. They grow very well, they are easy to use for plant propagation.
  • The fruits are soft, tasty, medium in size and attractive.
  • Fruiting occurs early enough, and often for the sixth year you can collect a plentiful harvest of plums.
  • Fruits begin to mature around mid-August.

Among the shortcomings can be identified the following:

  • Fruits are weakly kept on the branches and quickly crumble when they are overripe,
  • The strong shoots of this variety form a strong shoot.

Planting and care

Planting of plum yellow Renklod kolkhoz in the middle lane of Russia begins in the spring. There is a variant of autumn planting, but then there is a great risk that the tree will not survive if it does not develop a root system of sufficient size. With this method, the saplings often freeze out before they have had enough time to recover for a full wintering. If it is not possible to wait for the spring thaw to set in order to plant a plum, it will be necessary to dig it on the site and cover it with a thick layer of coniferous lapnik for the winter, and in winter it should also be sprinkled with snow. Thus, it is possible to increase the chance that the seedling will successfully survive the frost.

The planting site is chosen as well illuminated as possible, but protected from cold drafts. It is best to choose the southeastern part of the garden plot or plant a plum in the south. It is important to plant a tree in a place where other plants will not cover it with its branches. In the shade, it will develop more slowly and fruiting will not come soon. Before planting a plum seedling, choose the right soil and prepare a planting pit. For this variety, it is best to use loamy soil, the acidity of which is 6.5-7.0 pH. Groundwater should not be placed too close to the root system of the plant. The minimum distance to them is 1.5 m.

How to prepare a landing pit

The preparation of the landing pit begins two weeks before the start of the work, but sometimes it is better to do it in the fall. The diameter of the pit should be about 70-80 cm, and in depth - 0.5 m. If it is planned to plant several seedlings together, the distance between them should be 3 meters. It is very important to properly prepare the soil, making it fertile and nutritious. For this, 8 kg of compost and humus are added to the freshly dumped pit by adding 100 g of wood ash to the mixture. Organic can be replaced by a complex mineral fertilizer, consisting of 200 g of superphosphate with the addition of 80 g of potassium sulfate. In an acidic soil, 50 grams of lime are injected. The mixture from soil and fertilizer is thoroughly mixed and poured into the pit. In the center, make a small slide and install a tree on it, carefully spreading the root system.

On the south side, a peg is inserted so that the seedling is stable and does not break from the sharp gusts of the wind. The pit is evenly filled with nutrient soil, the tree at this time needs to be shaken slightly, so that the soil fills all the voids between the roots. The root neck can not be buried to avoid its decay. It should be 6 cm above ground level. When planting is over, it remains abundant to water the plant. To do this, you need 2-3 buckets of water, which is shed through the trunks, first making a narrow furrow to facilitate watering. It is important to regularly moisten the soil around the tree in the hottest months, this also applies to adult trees, otherwise you can completely lose the crop: the fruits begin to crack and fall off. Regular watering is required in the period of fruit setting and bookmarking of flower buds.

Then the plum should be tied to the peg, and the ground around the walled up with peat crumbs, sawdust, humus or other material. Two weeks later, the seedling will again need copious watering. Plum Roklod kolkhoz - a moisture-loving variety, like most trees of this species. When there is insufficient watering, the soil around it fissures, and the foliage begins to turn yellow and fall off. The optimum amount of moisture - when the water goes deeper into the earth by 40 cm. So it is so important to mulch the stump and keep it clean, removing the grass and litter - this will help to keep water inside the soil. One of the mandatory rules of care for the plum is the regular loosening of the soil around. It rids the plant of weeds and is the prevention of the appearance of pests.

You can decorate the trunks with a curb tape, but it is not recommended to use metal or concrete blocks. It is important to regularly remove excess shoots - about 5 times per season, otherwise the yield is greatly reduced, because shoots require nutrients and take them from the mother plant. Cut it entirely, without leaving the stumps, the cut places are treated with garden sauce. Autumn the earth around dig. Watering is stopped at the end of August, otherwise the shoots will continue to grow, but it is important to focus on weather conditions and regulate watering, depending on them. In dry years the tree is better to continue watering until frost.

Proper feeding

Top dressing begins in early spring. But, having acquired a seedling, he should prepare special conditions, so that he took root and abundantly fruited. Planting pit prepared in advance, adding to it organic fertilizers, superphosphate and potassium sulfate. Substances containing nitrogen are not added. Begin to feed the plum tree begin the next year after planting.

The area from which the tree receives nutrients is approximately 9 m 2 . Every 3 times per nutritious and annually on poor soils organic fertilizer, a bucket of compost or humus for 2 m 2 are added to root for plum feeding. To organics you can add superphosphate. In March-April, when the tree has not yet begun to blossom, 20 grams of ammonium nitrate and urea are introduced into the trunks on 1 m 2 . When the fruits are poured, fertilize with urea and nitrophase, adding 30 g of material. After harvesting, again superfosphate and potassium sulfate are fed. The last time fertilizers are introduced in autumn, not adding nitrogen to the composition.

Trimming Prunes

Proper pruning helps regulate the size and taste of the fruit, the yield and size of the tree, and prevent the development of diseases. Shoots of young seedlings are shortened by one third to stimulate the laying of the crown. To shorten the branches of the plum, without risking to reduce the fruiting of the variety, one should take into account its peculiarity: most of the fruits are tied up on bouquet shoots, and only a few - on last year's ones.

Young sapling must be formed, cutting branches and leaving only 4-6 skeletal shoots. In adult plants, branches that are bent to the ground under the weight of the fruit are removed. Every 3 years, the main shoots are cut into a third of the length, the weak ones are removed, leaving only straight and strong ones. We must carefully treat the tops and do not confuse them with strong branches when pruning. Sanitary pruning is also necessary to prevent the spread of insect pests and diseases. The crown is thinned, the diseased and broken branches are removed, as well as the non-fertile shoots.

Begin to form the plum Renclod collective farm should be in early spring, and not late autumn, so as not to harm the trees. If a part of the tree needs to be removed, hemp is not left, cutting everything to the ground. When the annual growth began to decrease sharply, the shoots are shortened to two years of wood. But one can not cut off many branches at once, otherwise the plum may perish. At a time, not more than a quarter of the whole crown is removed. With a seedling height of 2.5 meters, begin to limit vertical growth, so that the branches become more spreading and through them the sun's rays pass better. This will allow developing lateral branches.

Once the tree is planted, the lower branch is cut into a good kidney to remove the tip with undeveloped buds at the top of the growth. All other shoots are cut at the bottom level. You can turn branches that do not fall into the skeletal part of the crown, into semi-skeletal branches, if you cut them more severely or bend them, by translating them into an inclined position. A narrow crown can be made wider if the main branches are cut off into second-order shoots that are oriented in the opposite direction from the trunk.

Preparation for wintering

Renkloed collective farm - one of the most winter-hardy varieties of plums. It is characterized by excellent endurance performance. Ordinary freezing adults plums easily tolerate and practically do not freeze without shelter even in severe cold. But young seedlings are not yet seasoned, therefore they need additional shelter for the winter. Low temperatures can kill delicate trees: they are warmed with a layer of sawdust and cover the near-trunk circle with spruce lapnik. In severe winters, small branches in adult plants sometimes freeze, but this practically does not affect the fruiting period, usually the plants are restored in a year. This plum variety is one of the most resistant to frost and a sharp temperature drop.

There is another way of preparing the seedling for the winter: above the tree a structure is constructed from arc-shaped guides, covered with straw or hay, and fixed with a rope or twine. Snow will serve as an additional insulation, because this design will reliably protect the plum from frost and drafts. You can use other covering materials. The trunk of the tree is also recommended to be wrapped with a heater, for example, nylon. This will protect the stem from the encroachment of rodents and other small animals.

Disease prevention

Plum Roklod kolkhoz, planting and care for which is not difficult, almost not prone to fungal diseases: it can suffer from infection only in wet years. The tree is resistant to gum. For prevention, rejuvenating pruning is carried out: sick and withered branches, leaves and fruits are cut and burned. The formed spills and cracks are treated with garden varnish or a mixture of lime milk and copper sulfate. Before the appearance of the first leaflets in the spring, the entire tree is sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux liquid, and in the autumn, urea treatment is performed to reduce the risk of developing a clasterosporium. It is important to properly observe the processing time and to carry out prevention at least 30 days before the harvest.

Destruction of pests

Plum pests are most often found in fruits and under the bark. The most dangerous for the varieties of the Renclod are the kolkhoz plum sawfly and the moth. Particularly affected by these insects are weakened plants, for example, after abundant fruiting. Begin to fight with plum pests should be still in early spring: Trees are sprayed with special preparations several times, depending on the phase of development of the larvae. To combat the moth-flies for a better effect, about 5 treatments are carried out with a difference of 10 days. Good work and adhesive traps made of burlap, preventive collection of fallen leaves, regular loosening of the soil. When fruit is tied on a tree, it is necessary to regularly harvest damaged plums with pests inside, collect and burn them. Fruit jelly can winter inside the bark of trees, so you need to regularly remove the exfoliated areas. In private farms it is recommended to carry out treatment with biological substances safe for human beings, and not to use chemistry. Then the fruits will not contain dangerous impurities.

Renkloed collective farm - a classic variety of plums, not inferior in taste to most modern hybrids. The tree is distinguished by increased winter hardiness, which is very important when growing in areas with a cold climate. The variety is checked by time and is still in demand by summer residents. Correctly taking care of it, every year for a season you can collect a rich harvest and enjoy delicious fruits.

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