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"Lessons of the French": analysis. Rasputin, "Lessons of the French"

We offer you to get acquainted with one of the best stories in the work of Valentin Grigorievich and present his analysis. Rasputin "Lessons of the French" published in 1973. The writer himself does not distinguish among his other works. He notes that he did not have to invent anything, because everything described in the story happened to him. The author's photo is presented below.

The meaning of the title of this story

Two values have the word "lesson" in the work, which created Rasputin ("Lessons of the French"). Analysis of the story allows us to note that the first of them is a school hour devoted to a certain subject. The second is something instructive. It is this value that becomes decisive for understanding the idea of the story that interests us. Teached by the teacher lessons of cordiality and kindness, the boy carried through his whole life.

Who is the story about?

Kopylova Anastasia Prokopievna dedicated Rasputin "Lessons of the French", the analysis of which we are interested. This woman is the mother of Alexander Vampilov, a famous playwright and friend of Valentin Grigoryevich. She worked all her life at school. Memories of children's life formed the basis of the story. According to the writer himself, the events of the past were able to warm even with a weak touch.

Teacher of French

Lydia Mikhailovna in the work is called her own name (her surname is Molokova). The writer in 1997 told about the meetings with her correspondent of the publication "Literature in School." He told us that Lidia Mikhailovna was visiting him, and they remembered the school, the village of Ust-Uda and much of that happy and difficult time.

Features of the genre of the story

In the genre "Lessons of the French" - a story. In the 1920s (Zoshchenko, Ivanov, Babel), and then in the 1960s and 1970s (Shukshin, Kazakov, and others), the Soviet story flourishes. This genre is faster than all other prose ones reacts to changes in the life of society, because it is written faster.

We can assume that the story is the first and oldest of the literary genus. After all, a brief retelling of an event, for example, a duel with an enemy, a case of hunting, and the like, is already, in fact, an oral story. Unlike all other kinds and kinds of art, the story of mankind inherently inherent. It arose with speech and is not just a means of communication, but also an instrument of social memory.

The work of Valentin Grigorievich is realistic. From the first person wrote Rasputin "Lessons of the French." Analyzing it, we note that this story can be considered fully autobiographical.

The main themes of the work

Starting the work, the writer asks himself why we feel guilt every time before the teachers, as well as before the parents. And the blame is not for what was in school, but for what became of us after. Thus, the author determines the main themes of his work: the relationship between the student and the teacher, the image illuminated by the moral and spiritual meaning of life, the emergence of the hero, which is due to Lydia Mikhailovna spiritual experience. Communication with the teacher, the lessons of French steel for the narrator of the upbringing of feelings, lessons of life.

Playing for Money

The game of a teacher with a student for money, it would seem, is an immoral act. However, what is behind it? The answer to this question is given in the work of VG Rasputin ("Lessons of the French"). The analysis makes it possible to uncover the motives driving Lidia Mikhailovna.

Seeing that in the post-war hungry years the schoolboy is undernourished, the teacher invites him in the guise of additional classes to her home to feed. She sends him a parcel, supposedly from her mother. But the boy refuses her help. The idea with the package was unsuccessful: there were "urban" products in it, and this teacher gave herself away. Then Lydia Mikhailovna offers him a game for money and, of course, "loses" so that the boy can buy milk for these pennies. The woman is happy that she succeeds in this deception. And it does not condemn Rasputin ("Lessons of the French"). The analysis carried out by us allows us to even say that the writer supports it.

The culmination of the work

The culmination of the work comes after this game. The story exacerbates the paradox of the situation to the limit. The teacher did not know that at that time such a relationship with the ward could lead to dismissal and even criminal liability. The boy did not know this completely. But when the misfortune happened, he began to understand the behavior of his school teacher deeper and realized some aspects of the life of that time.

Final of the story

Almost melodramatic is the ending of the story, which was created by Rasputin ("Lessons of the French"). Analysis of the work shows that the premise with Antonov apples (and the boy never tried them, since he was a resident of Siberia) seems to have something in common with the unsuccessful first premise with macaroni-city food. This finale, which was by no means unexpected, is preparing new strokes. The heart of a village distrustful boy in a story opens before the teacher's purity. Rasputin's story is surprisingly modern. The writer depicted in him the courage of a young woman, the insight of an ignorant, withdrawn child, taught the reader the lessons of humanity.

The idea of the story is that we learn the feelings, not the life of the books. Rasputin notes that literature is the education of feelings, such as nobility, purity, kindness.

main characters

Continue to analyze the work "Lessons of the French" Rasputin VG description of the main characters. They are in the story 11-year-old boy and Lydia Mikhailovna. She was at that time no more than 25 years. The author notes that there was no cruelty in her face. She reacted to the boy with sympathy and understanding, was able to appreciate his dedication. The teacher in her student examined the great ability to learn and was ready to help them develop. This woman is endowed with compassion for people, and also with kindness. She had to suffer for these qualities, having lost her job.

In the story, the boy is struck by purposefulness, a desire to learn and get out into people under any circumstances. In the fifth grade he went in 1948. In the village where the boy lived, there was only an elementary school. Therefore, he had to go to the regional center, which was 50 km away, in order to continue training. For the first time, an 11-year-old boy, by the will of circumstances, was cut off from his family, from his usual surroundings. But he understands that not only relatives but also the village pin their hopes on him. According to his fellow villagers, he should become a "learned man". And the hero makes all his efforts to do this, overcoming homesickness and hunger in order not to let his countrymen down.

With kindness, wise humor, humanity and psychological accuracy depicts the relationship with the young teacher of the hungry student Rasputin ("Lessons of the French"). The analysis of the work presented in this article will help you to understand them. Slowly the narrative flows, rich in everyday details, but its rhythm gradually captures.

Language of the work

The language of the work, whose author is Valentin Rasputin ("Lessons of the French") is simple and expressive at the same time. An analysis of its linguistic features reveals the skilful use of phraseological phrases in the story. The author thereby achieves the imagery and expressiveness of the work ("sell with giblets", "like snow on the head", "through the sleeves", etc.).

One of the linguistic features is also the presence of outdated vocabulary, which was characteristic for the time of action of the work, as well as regional words. This, for example: "lodging", "lorry", "tea", "throwing", "vyakat", "bale", "hlyuzda," "pritayka." After analyzing the story of Rasputin's "Lessons of the French" yourself, you can find other similar words.

The moral value of the work

The main character of the story had to learn in a difficult time. A serious test for adults and children was the post-war years. As a child, as is known, both bad and good are perceived much sharper and brighter. However, difficulties also temper the character, and the protagonist often manifests such qualities as determination, endurance, a sense of proportion, pride, willpower. The moral value of the work lies in the chanting of eternal values - philanthropy and kindness.

The Importance of Rasputin's Work

Creativity of Valentin Rasputin invariably attracts all new readers, because alongside everyday, ordinary in his works there are always moral laws, spiritual values, unique characters, contradictory and complex inner world of characters. Reflections of the writer about a person, about life, about nature help to find in the surrounding world and in itself inexhaustible reserves of beauty and good.

This concludes the analysis of the story "Lessons of the French." Rasputin already now belongs to the number of classical authors whose works are studied in school. Of course, this is an outstanding master of contemporary fiction.

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