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Labor law: main provisions and principles

Labor law, perhaps, is one of the most complex, important and voluminous branches of legislation. He has a fundamental role in determining and regulating the entire complex of social and labor relations between hired employees and the employer, regardless of the organizational and legal structure of the enterprise. One of the main functions of this sphere of legislation is the protection of labor rights of all participants in economic and economic activities, established by the constitution and regulated by numerous normative acts.

The provisions of the general theory of law state that all legal branches differ in the sphere of their distribution and methodology, which determine the independence and individual characteristics of each of them. The methodology also contains certain legal methods and a set of tools necessary to implement effective regulation of social and legal relations in a sphere that falls under the jurisdiction of a particular branch of jurisprudence.

Labor law, in relation to which the general theoretical provisions are specified, serves to regulate and regulate socio-economic relations in the sphere of labor activity. And also this branch of legislation determines the order and nature of this form of relations between the employer and labor organizations (collectives, trade unions, etc.). In other words, the scope of the norms of labor law affects such social relations that are formed as a result of joint labor and the performance of any work. The regulation of joint labor activity is the subject and fundamental principle of this area of jurisprudence. Labor law, among other things, is also a guarantor of the realization by citizens of their own abilities for certain types of activities.

This branch of legislation gives a stable and democratic form to social and labor relations and translates them into the legal plane. Labor law grants participants of this type of relationship certain rights and duties, for strict adherence to which state supervision and control measures are carried out by special authorities - Gostehnadzor, energy supervision, sanitary epidemiological surveillance, nuclear inspection and many others.

Among numerous normative labor acts, a collective agreement, which in the conditions of a market economy is the main document regulating the order of labor relations between employers (administrations) and collectives of enterprises and organizations, should be specially emphasized. This legal document identifies and regulates the most important points and questions regarding the working order, technical equipment and devices for workplaces, labor duties and the rights of both sides of economic relations, the size and order of payment of salaries, holidays, weekends and much more.

Regulatory acts of a local nature, also regulated by labor law, include rules and regulations of the internal regulations of the enterprise, various schedules of shifts. Thus, this branch of legislation is a set of extremely diverse interrelated normative acts that form a voluminous legislative base with a complex and branched internal structure.

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