History of the Jewish people in brief

Which people have the strongest roots on our planet? Perhaps, this question is relevant for any historian. And almost every one of them will answer with confidence - the Jewish people. Despite the fact that mankind has inhabited the Earth for hundreds of thousands of years, we know our history at best in the last twenty centuries of our era and about the same amount before BC. E.

But the history of the Jewish people originates much earlier. All events in it are closely intertwined with religion and are consistently persecuted.

First mentions

Despite their considerable age, the first mention of the Jews originated from the time of the pyramids of the Egyptian pharaohs. As for the records of themselves, the history of the Jewish people from ancient times begins with his first representative - Abraham. The son of Sim (who, in turn, is the son of Noah), he was born in the open spaces of Mesopotamia.

As an adult, Abraham moves to Canaan, where he meets local people who are prone to spiritual decay. It is here that God takes under his protection this husband and concludes a contract with him, thereby placing his mark on him and his descendants. It is from this moment that the events described in the Gospel tales that are so rich in the history of the Jewish people begin. Briefly it consists in the following periods:

  • Biblical;
  • Ancient;
  • Antique;
  • Medieval;
  • New time (including the Holocaust and the return of the Jews of Israel).

Moving to Egypt

In the lands of Canaan, Abraham starts a family, he has a son Isaac, and from him - Jacob. The latter, in turn, is born Joseph - a new bright figure in the Gospel stories. Betrayed by his brothers, he finds himself in Egypt as a slave. But all the same he manages to free himself from slavery and, moreover, become an approximate of the pharaoh himself. This phenomenon (finding a pathetic slave in the retinue of the supreme ruler) is facilitated by the proximity of the very kind of pharaoh (Hyksos), who fell on the throne in view of the vile and cruel actions that led to the overthrow of the previous dynasty. This genus is also known as the shepherd's pharaohs. Once in power, Joseph transported his father and his family to Egypt. This is how the strengthening of Jews begins in a certain area, which facilitates their rapid reproduction.

The beginning of persecutions

The history of the Jewish people from the Bible shows them as peaceful shepherds engaged exclusively in their own business and not meeting in politics, despite the fact that the dynasty of the Hyksos sees them as a worthy ally, giving them the best lands and other necessary conditions for the farm. Before the entrance to Egypt, the genus of Jacob numbered twelve tribes (twelve tribes), which, under the auspices of the shepherd pharaohs, had grown to a whole ethnos with their culture.

Further, the history of the Jewish people tells of the pitiable times for it. From Thebes to the capital of Egypt , an army goes out to overthrow the self-styled pharaoh and establish the power of a true dynasty. It is in her short time and it turns out. From reprisals over the favorites of Hyksos, they still abstain, but at the same time turning them into slaves. Long years of slavery and humiliation are tolerated by Jews (210 years of slavery in Egypt) before the arrival of Moses.

Moses and the withdrawal of Jews from Egypt

The history of the Jewish people in the Old Testament shows Moses as a descendant of an ordinary family. At that time, the Egyptian authorities were alarmed by the growth of the Jewish population, and a decree was issued to kill every boy born in the family of slaves. Miraculously surviving, Moses gets to the daughter of Pharaoh, who adopts him. So the young man finds himself in a ruling family, where all the secrets of government are revealed to him. Nevertheless, he remembers his roots, which begins to torment him. It becomes unbearable to him how the Egyptians treat his brethren. On one of the walking days, Moses kills the warden, who brutally beat the slave. But it turns out to be faithful to the same slave, which leads to his flight and forty-year hermitage in the mountains. It is there that God addresses him with a decree to lead his people out of the lands of Egypt, while giving Moses unprecedented abilities.

Further events include the various miracles that Moses demonstrates to Pharaoh, demanding the release of his people. They do not end even after the Jews leave Egypt. The history of the Jewish people for children (evangelical stories) shows them as:

  • The ten plagues of Egypt;
  • The flow of the river before Moses;
  • The fall of manna from heaven;
  • A split in the rock and the formation of a waterfall in it and much more.

After the release of the Jews from the power of the pharaoh, their goal is to become the land of Canaan, which are allotted to them by God Himself. This is where Moses and his followers go.

Education in Israel

Forty years later, Moses dies. Right in front of the walls of Canaan, where he gives his authority to Joshua. He conquers one Canaanite principality after another for seven years. On the conquered land, Israel (in the translation from Hebrew the "God-Bearer") is formed. Further, the history of the Jewish people tells about the formation of the city - as the capital of Jewish lands, and the center of the world. On his throne appear such famous personalities as Saul, David, Solomon and many others. It erects a huge temple, which the Babylonians are destroying and which is restored again after the liberation of the Jews by the wise Persian king Crete.

Israel is divided into two states: Judea and Israel, which are subsequently captured and ruined by the Assyrians and the Babylonians.

As a result, several centuries after the conquest of Canaan by Joshua, the Jewish people scattered throughout the land, having lost their home.

Subsequent times

After the collapse of the Jewish and Jerusalem states, the history of the Jewish people has several ramifications. And almost every one of them comes to our times. Perhaps there is no side, no matter where the Jews went after the loss of the promised land, as there is not a single country in our time where there would not exist a Jewish diaspora.

And in every state they met the "God's people" in different ways. If in America they automatically had equal rights with the indigenous population, then closer to the Russian border, they were waiting for massive persecution and humiliation. The history of the Jewish people in Russia tells of pogroms, beginning with the Cossack raids and ending with the Holocaust during the Second World War.

And only in 1948, according to the decision of the United Nations, the Jews were returned to their "historical homeland" - Israel.

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