It is known that the foundation of any structure is the foundation. He bears the burden of the whole structure. In addition, during precipitation on the foundation, there is also an additional load. After all, in the rainy period or in the winter, moisture absorbs not only into the ground, but also into the walls of the building and its foundation. In winter, this moisture freezes. As a result, often appear on the construction of a crack, plaster begins to pour.
Thus, part of the destruction is not only the foundation, but the whole building as a whole. To avoid such troubles, special protective structures are installed on the basement part of the building and on the foundation. Everyone can buy them in stores, and can build ebbs for the socle, the foundation with their own hands. It's quite simple.
Features of low tide
Installation of this material is necessary for any structure, because it prevents the destruction of the foundation and can significantly reduce the load on it. Most manufacturers today offer a huge range of tides. The main difference of this product is the material from which it is made, its shape and manufacturer.
- resistance to adverse effects of atmospheric precipitation;
- resistance to direct sunlight, temperature changes;
- Ease of installation;
Many experts believe that the ebb for the basement and the basement part of the building is the main component of the entire structure.
Types of socles
There are several types of tide for the socle.
The spillway for the foundation and the socle can reliably protect this part of the house not only from atmospheric precipitation, but also from mechanical damage.
Ebb for a wooden house on the foundation is most often made of edging boards and galvanized steel yourself. After all, this part of the building is protected by additional waterproofing. The board is covered with an antiseptic.
The tide for the foundation on the corner plays an important role. This part of the construction protects not only the house, but also the tenants themselves from possible bruises, wounds or cuts.
Ebb for the foundation with their own hands should start to establish with the definition of the point of connection of the main wall and grillage at home. With this part and the installation begins. Qualitatively installed tide for the foundation is able not only to protect the base of the building from rain, snow and hail, but also a free part of the grillage.
Many people prefer to make low tails on their own. It's quite simple.
First of all, it is necessary to measure the distance between the edge of the projecting part of the foundation and the supporting wall. To the received value it is necessary to add 5 sm which will leave on manufacturing of edges of rigidity.
Measurements are transferred to a sheet of galvanized steel, then billets are produced. On them in the future we apply a longitudinal line, which marks the places of the stiffeners. It should be located about 2.5 cm from the edge of the sheet.
On the applied line, make a bend down and up. It is best to use pliers and a workbench, and for calibration - a bar of wood.
As a result, you get a visor, which in the future must be attached to the main wall of the structure. The upper edge of the stiffness should lie against the wall.
The tide for the socle, made by your own hands, will not look as attractive as the purchase, but this method will save money. This design you can later paint with a color that will harmoniously blend with the color of the house.
Installation of the structure
Installation of a foundation foundation does not provide for the availability of professional skills. This process takes place in several stages.
First of all, it is necessary to carry out a full lining of the whole building. Remember that you first have to check the foundation line for leveling with a level. If there are slight distortions, they should be removed with a cement-sand mortar.
Directly to the wall of the building are eruptions for the basement, foundation. Photos on the instructions often show that the edge of the escarpment should protrude at least 5 cm. The material is fastened to the wall with dowels-nails with an overlap of at least 3 cm. This place, as well as the places of joints of tides and walls, should be smeared with frost-resistant sealant.
In the same way, the inner and outer corners, previously cut from the casting bar, are attached to the wall. We make sure that all joints are necessarily smeared with sealant.
If the structure provides for the installation of wide troughs, then they are fixed to the base part by brackets. Otherwise, the structure will hang out during the wind.
The cost of tide on the plinth is diverse. First of all, it differs depending on the main material from which the reflow is made, and on the manufacturer. Prices range from 90 to 200 rubles per meter of linear construction.
Remember that a high-quality reflow will protect your house for long years from unexpected troubles and repairs.