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Endogenous depression. What it is?

About this disease, many have very vague information. It seems that this is something that a busy person does not have time to pay attention to. In fact, endogenous depression is a very painful condition, which is based on real violations in the human body. It is a complex of symptoms, including a stable, extremely pronounced decrease in mood. It is combined with a sharp mental and motor retardation. This is a difficult condition, which brings a lot of suffering to the patient and his relatives.

By the way, there are other types of depression: psychogenic - that have arisen under the influence of traumatic situations or experiences, exogenous - associated with diseases of internal organs. In contrast, this type of depression occurs as a result of disturbances in the brain of metabolic processes related to the formation of serotonin and norepinephrine, or biogenic amines.

They all heard about them. It is known that these substances are peculiar "hormones of joy". In the case of this disease, very little is formed. Usually, endogenous depression has a genetic predisposition. It is believed that it is more susceptible to people with certain traits: anxious-hypochondriac, responsible, with a heightened sense of duty.

Interestingly, endogenous depression occurs usually for no apparent reason. Occasionally, it may be preceded by a small psychotraumatic situation. In fact, it is not even considered a separate nosological unit, or disease. Rather, it is a syndrome that accompanies various mental disorders. For example, manic-depressive psychosis, other psychoses, schizophrenia. Although sometimes the disease manifests itself only as symptoms of depression.

There are several types of endogenous depression: anxious, adynamic, dreary, inhibited, etc. They differ from one another in the predominance of certain symptoms, as is clear from their names.

Let's see how endogenous depression manifests itself. Symptoms of it are expressed in a feeling of depression, anguish, anxiety, despair. She is accompanied by feelings of malaise, pain in certain parts of the body. Thoughts of the patient revolve around some one painful topic. He is apathetic, stalled, inactive. Sometimes he has lost his professional and household skills. He can not adapt in the team and in society. Life for him loses its meaning. A person is so bad that he has thoughts about suicide, which he sometimes does.

It is also characteristic of this state that there is no connection between the oppressed state of the patient and real events. Another characteristic feature is that usually endogenous depression can be intensified or weakened depending on the time of day. If the patient does not receive timely and adequate treatment, his condition can remain so for a long time.

Fortunately, now there are modern medicines, through which a person can return the joy of life. They are called antidepressants and are divided into drugs of the first, as well as the second and third generation. Such drugs effectively help in such a state as endogenous depression. Treatment is conducted by a psychotherapist or psychiatrist after a comprehensive examination of the patient. It is only the qualified doctor who can determine correctly what should be assigned in each individual case.

Antidepressants strengthen the action of serotonin and norepinephrine. This compensates for the lack of nutrients. In addition, some of them have a calming effect, and others activate mental and motor activity. Self-medication and uncontrolled use of antidepressants are not permissible. Treatment should be long and complex. It can not be interrupted in the middle of the course. In addition to drug therapy, psychotherapy and restorative treatment are conducted.

If treatment is scheduled on time, the patient's condition improves. Modern effective and low-toxic drugs return a person to active life.

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