Some of the most magnificent flowers are considered to be orchids. In the conditions of an ordinary city apartment, cymbidiums, cattleyas, dendrobiums and, of course, chic phalaenopsis grow well and abundantly blossom. The latter have gained popularity due to their long flowering, the absence of a period of rest and an attractive appearance. Typically, in domestic floriculture are grown such species as phalaenopsis Luddemana, phalaenopsis hybrid, F. pleasant, and also F. pink. "Night Butterfly" was widely known for its elegant and bright flowers, reaching a diameter of 5 cm, the color of which can vary from white to lilac. On the peduncle opens up to 15 such flowers alternately. In order to be successful in growing monopodial beauties, the basic rules of caring for them should be studied. In this article, we'll look at orchids - home care. Phalaenopsis is externally attractive, simple in its content and for this is so loved by many plant growers. Indeed, the cultivation of this flower is not particularly difficult.
What is needed to actively grow and bloom orchids? Home care
Phalaenopsis will feel great when the optimal conditions for it are created. What kind? Maximum close to natural. When buying a plant, it is desirable to allocate a place for it on the western or eastern window. If you intend to keep it away from the source of natural light, you should take care of the phytolamp. Remember that the length of the light day should be at least 14 hours. Phalaenopsis orchid at home requires maintaining a temperature of about 25 ° C in summer and 16 ° C (18 ° C) in winter. For abundant flowering it is necessary to create a difference between day and night temperatures of 3 ° C.
Now tell you how to water the phalaenopsis orchid . Humidification of the substrate is possible in two ways: from the watering can, through the top of the tank, or by immersing the pot in a basin of water. Both methods are convenient in their own way: during the rest period it is desirable to water the flower in a submerged fashion, and during the flowering period, from the watering can, in order not to disturb the plant once again. Between moistening, the substrate in the pot must dry out. When excessive watering increases the risk of decaying the roots and death of the plant. In general, it is considered the norm to moisturize the orchid once a week. For watering phalaenopsis, it is necessary to use a non-cold (up to 28 ° C), soft, stand-by or distilled water. You should also spray the leaves of the orchid. Care at home: phalaenopsis requires regular moistening of leaves using a spray. This procedure is carried out in the morning, using water at room temperature. It should be remembered that it is necessary to spray the plant very carefully, trying not to fall on the orchid flower stem.
Care at home. Phalaenopsis: features of the content
For this plant requires a special primer consisting of various well-retaining moisture and at the same time airborne natural components (moss, pieces of bark, etc.). Such a substrate for orchids can be purchased at any flower shop. Transplant phalaenopsis is recommended every few years (3 or 4 years). It is advisable to choose for this procedure time in the spring period, when the plant does not bloom.
For phalaenopsis, it is important to choose the right pot - it should be transparent, since the roots of the orchids participate in the processes of photosynthesis. When transplanting, carefully remove the dead, old roots and clean them from the old substrate. Also, the orchid needs to be fed, for this purpose it is necessary to use specialized fertilizers. They are made during flowering, in summer - twice a month, in autumn and winter once, while reducing the concentration twice.