Doll Zernovushka with your own hands

People's doll Zernovushka has many names. It was also called Krupenichka, Goroshinka, Grechishnitsa. Initially, dolls were made in the villages after the harvest in the fields.

Practical and magical role of dolls

In the beginning of autumn, the selected part of the collected grain was folded into a specially sewn bag. Particularly cared for capricious buckwheat. The bag was called "kitty". He was made of cloth, with stringes from above. He was given the form of a pupa. The doll was put in the Red corner of the hut, in the spring the contents were carefully seized. They mixed with another grain and sowed on the field with the wishes of a good harvest. Later, the masters started sewing such dolls specially, decorating them with symbolic embroidery.

Modern attitude to the talisman

After a while the dolls began to put several types of grain at once, as well as other things that were considered talismans. The amulet was given for Christmas and Christmas. Each hostess was pleased with such a gift as the doll Zernovushka. With their hands, the craftsmen tried to sew them for all relatives.

The charm and today will be a wonderful gift for people close to you on New Year's holidays or Christmas. The main thing is that the gift should be presented with sincere wishes of good, health and good luck. Next, let's talk about how to make a doll Zernovushka own hands.

What was the name of the amulet in different parts of the Russian land

Doll Zernovushka in different parts of Russia had different names. Everything depended on what cultures were more appreciated by the inhabitants. In the southern part they liked buckwheat more, and they stuffed it with a doll. Accordingly, she had a name - Grechishnitsa. Wherever the millet was most respected, she was nicknamed Krupenichka. In the northern regions she was given the name Zernovyshka and filled it with oats.

Master-class number 1: how to make a doll Zernovushka own hands

It is worth noting that it is not so difficult to produce, as it may seem at first glance. Making dolls Zernovushki start with the selection of beautiful fabrics, because the talisman should like you. Only in this case it will work.

To sew a doll you will need:

  • Fabric dvunitka, to create a bag (10 by 12 cm).
  • Cotton for a skirt (5.5х10 cm), for sleeves (3.5х2 cm), for a scarf (12х17 cm).
  • Flax for apron (6x5.5 cm)
  • Braid.

From dvunitki sew a usual bag. Fill in it a pre-prepared filler. It should not be packed very tightly. Tie it from above. Drag it with a thread just above the middle. Taurus pupa is ready, you can go to tailoring.

First, make a skirt. Sew it from cotton, sewing a rectangle on the short side, and put it on the doll. From a piece of flax make an apron. You can decorate it with embroidery in advance, and then pull out the threads, thus creating a fringe. Tie the skirt and apron with a thread.

Next, sew doll hands. For this, we take two cotton rectangles. We bend and smooth the edges so that it does not crumble. For this it is necessary to take two squares of white coarse calico. Fold it twice with a "kerchief", and pull the corners to the middle.

Join the sleeve and palm, rolling them together with a thread. Similarly, make a second hand. Attach both sleeves to the neck.

We decorate the head. Attach a piece of lace to it. Take the flap of the same cotton from which the skirt is sewn, and open the triangle. Tie it on your head like a kerchief.

How to sew a doll Zernovushka (very simple way)

This master class is so simple that even children of primary school age can cope with it. Take two types of cotton: white and colored, knitting thread, and filler. From the colored fabric, cut a circle with a radius of 16.5 cm. Thread the thread into the needle and sew a circle around the perimeter with simple stitches. Slightly pull it off and fill the filler. Now you can completely remove the formed ball and sew it.

From the white fabric, we cut out the second circle with a radius of 8 cm. Similarly, we sew it around the perimeter with simple stitches. Slightly tighten the thread, fill the ball with cotton, sintepon or holofayberom (to choose from). Sew a trunk and head together.

We make doll hair. Take a thick knitting thread, the right color. Wrap them on the jar, making about 20 turns.

Remove them from the container. Attach the threads folded in half to the head and fix with a seam "back needle". Make dolls of the tail, wrapping the ends of the "hair" with thin elastic bands. If desired, you can decorate her outfit with an apron of lace, and her hair - with ribbons, an artificial flower or a small vein. Slavic puppet dolls were always made without a face.

Men's hypostasis Zernovushki - a peasant-rich man

The peasant-rich man appeared later than Zernovushki. He can be considered her younger relative. They made such an amulet with a specific purpose - to bring money into the house, that is, so that it was possible not only to eat well, but to save money. Filled the amulet not only with grain, but also with coins or bills. The clothes were sewn by the peasant, smart and smart. It should have been bright fabrics, beautiful braid, embroidery.

In the house, the rich man had to find his own place. He was often rearranged and tried to understand whether he liked this or that angle. The correct sign was that the doll was beginning to merge with the surrounding situation.

Play rag doll Goroshinka

After a while the doll-amulet migrated to the nursery. The needlewomen began to sew a prototype of Zernovushki - Goroshinka. Pupa for games filled with peas or beans. Our ancestors were wise, although they did not know that such a filler develops small motor skills in children. They acted intuitively, and only after a while scientists have proved that the child's intelligence "lives" at the fingertips. After all, when massaging the pads with filler, the parts of the brain are involved, which are responsible for the speech of the baby.

Not only little girls were amused by these dolls. They played and the boys to 7-8 years (while the child was in a shirt). As soon as they began to dress up in pants, games with puppets stopped.

Than it is possible to fill Zernovushka (value of a filler)

Each housewife filled the doll according to the needs of the family. For the amulet, the largest and necessarily integral elements were taken. Inside the mascot you can not put a melted grain, flakes. Each filler had its own meaning:

  • Corn - the health of the smallest inhabitants of the house (children and pets).
  • Peas symbolize friendship and peace in the family.
  • Millet - protection from the evil eye.
  • Pumpkin seeds are laid by those who want to replenish the family.
  • Sunflower seeds are a symbol of solar energy. Bring health to all the inhabitants of the house.
  • Buckwheat symbolized well-being.
  • Beans - for replenishment in the family.
  • Rice is for money profit.
  • Pearl barley is a symbol of satiety.
  • Oats were laid for the health of all members of the family (horsepower).

Additions to grain preserves

In addition to grain crops, you can put in the amulet:

  • Rose petals are for passionate love between spouses.
  • Nuts and acorns - for the extension of youth.
  • Money is only the largest bill.
  • Garlic for health and protection from the evil eye.
  • Wormwood for protection from evil forces. Helps from nightmares.
  • Rowan - protects the family.
  • St. John's wort, chamomile - for health.
  • Clover and cumin for good luck in business.
  • So that money was born in the family - a laurel leaf.
  • Children's amulet - the root of sunflower and wild rose berries.
  • Mac - brings good luck and success in all matters.
  • You can put coins three, five or seven pieces.
  • Lavender - for those who want to increase in the family.
  • Leaves of a birch tree - to leave in the future year to marry.

Secret ingredient

There is another magic ingredient that not everyone knows about. This is ash from the fireplace, taken from the house, in which everything is all right. If you have such acquaintances, ask them for a little ash. In return, be sure to leave some small gift. With this ingredient you can improve your financial situation.

Inside the amulet, you can not put the wax. It is used in black magic and they are sealed only by bad magic. Also, the doll Zernovushka should not be filled with earth, do not put nails, hair in it. Some people believe that chernozem is suitable for the amulet as a symbol of fertility, but this should not be done in any case. Another thing that in any case was not put inside such an amulet as the doll Zernovushka - photo.

How to strengthen the amulet

In order to strengthen the action of the talisman, take the salt. A pinch should be squeezed between the palms and read any prayer known to you. You can also in your own words ask her to help in what you need. Pour the salt inside the amulet.

Other folk dolls

Talismans in the form of a doll-motanki for hundreds of years. Most often, the image of a woman was taken as a basis. The dolls were divided into ward, game, ritual. The last did not play. They were sewn specially for girls to be extradited and kept in chests. Then they gave a day of marriage with the wishes of love and peace in the family.

While the children were small, they sewed toys to their mothers, sisters, grandmothers. The girl at 5 years old could already make a swaddling doll. It was a piece of cloth rolled up by a rolling pin. He was wrapped in linen cloth. Breasts made from tightly stuffed balls. She was attached to a braid of threads and sewed clothes made of mottled cloth.

Gradually the pupae became more complicated. In their appearance, they judged the skills of the girl, like needlewomen. Teenagers often took a cart with dolls to their gatherings with friends. These toys were treated very carefully. In the hut they were kept in caskets, chests, boxes. Children were not allowed to scatter them around the house and leave them on the street.

Using the technique of Motanka, they also created puppet-licking dolls, which protected the inhabitants of the house from harm and illness. There were thirteen of them:

  • Shaking.
  • Otpeya.
  • Eyes.
  • Avvareusz.
  • Puffy.
  • Turn yellow.
  • Getting old.
  • Karkusha.
  • Nemesis.
  • Avenue.
  • Glukhey.
  • Hrapusha.
  • Kumokha.

We hung the amulets near the stove, and in the spring they burned. They made such dolls from old clothes or bed linen. We took the one in which we were happy. Traditional colors for these amulets are red (color of life) and white (color of order).

Wherever it was made and what the doll-charmer Zernovushka filled with, everywhere it was a symbol of a full life, fertility and prosperity.

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