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Dietary bread. Benefits and harm of bread

Many people are genuinely surprised when they learn about the existence of dietary bread. After all, we are used to the fact that with the right or dietary nutrition, flour is almost completely excluded from the diet. But it is hard for any person to refuse bread, since the habit of using it has been vaccinated to us since childhood. In addition, it accelerates the saturation process and allows some dishes to become much more delicious. And it is for that dietetics of the XXI century could allow its patients to eat flour, and dietary bread was created. But at the same time, its consumption is also strictly regulated depending on the individual characteristics of the human body and the goals set by the dietitian and patient.

Bread diet - what and how to choose

Dietary bread should not raise the level of sugar in the blood and give a feeling of maximum satiety. Ideal option will be bran, which lose very little useful properties in the processing of grain and are the most rough part of it. They contain a huge amount of fiber, which allows the body to get full. Buy useful bread produced by serious companies that monitor their reputation and produce a quality product. Read the contents of the label and the composition of the product, if you notice a large amount of sugar or baking powder, do not buy it in any case. Remember, in spite of the fact that bread is dietary, it is desirable to use it only on the recommendation of a doctor.

Bread: Benefit and Harm

Bread, which we buy in stores, is not the one that was baked before in Russian furnaces. He was really useful. But even our current product has a number of positive properties, such as nutrition, the ability to quickly saturate the body, accelerate the metabolism. Really useful bread is a source of B vitamins, carbohydrates and proteins, and due to the fact that it contains special bacteria, it strengthens immunity well.

And who knows what a loaf of bread can help with a headache? To do this, you need to make a poultice, adding to the bread a decoction of the leaves of the plantain. After the flour product soaked in the resulting liquid, it must be applied to the head, and the pain gradually subsides.

Specific harm

Is bread useful? The benefits and disadvantages of this product are described in this article. You decide. But, in addition to the mass of the above pluses, the bread has quite tangible disadvantages. And the most important thing is that our stores offer mainly a yeast product, which is very often the cause of dysbiosis. Also dietary bread is categorically contraindicated to people prone to fatness, and those who have a metabolism too slow. The reason is that he can add a few kilograms in the shortest possible time.

How not to pay benefit to harm?

To a loaf of bread did not bring harm, when using flour products it is worth observing a few simple rules. First of all, do not use flour together with jam, honey or other products that can cause fermentation and swelling of the intestines. When preparing sandwiches, it is advisable to replace sausage or bacon with boiled meat and add vegetables. It is also necessary to minimize the consumption of rich and sweet flour products, because they contain a lot of sugar, and they are very caloric. It is quite natural that the benefits of bread are many times greater than the harm, but one must correctly use it.

Hot and fresh bread - the beginning of the beginning

Each of us has been familiar with the magic smell of freshly baked bread since childhood. When we inhale this fragrance and see a fresh crispy bun, it takes a huge effort to resist the temptation to bite off a piece. But it is worth remembering that hot bread contains some dirty tricks. Nutritionists say that its main danger is that the process of the yeast fermentation already known to us in bread, which has not yet cooled down, is not completely over. It is because of this in the digestive system and there are some disruptions, manifested in colic and excessive gas generation. Also, with a large amount of hot bread eaten, it can form a monolithic lump which can cause indigestion or intestinal obstruction. Fresh hot product is digested worse than the one that had to lie down for several hours. In no case should fresh bread be consumed by people suffering from digestive system diseases. Flour products must be used for some time in the open air before they are consumed, while excessive moisture will naturally escape from them. For example, in tsarist Russia freshly baked bread is strictly forbidden, since the healers knew perfectly well about the side effects of fresh baked goods.

Many may object, saying that regularly eaten freshly baked or preheated immediately before eating buns. Indeed, for a person who does not have health problems, hot bread does not pose a particular danger, but with frequent use of it, irritation of the inner mucosa of the stomach may occur. This will not happen if you use biscuits instead of soft buns, which are not only very quickly absorbed, but also act as a kind of scrub for the intestines. They bring special benefits from bran and rye bread.

But there are people who consider the use of bread inexpedient and do not eat it at all. This is because, in their opinion, bread is the main reason for the appearance of excess weight and digestive problems.

There is quite a legitimate question, is it possible to eat dietary bread, heated with a toaster or in a microwave oven? The product, heated in a toaster, has a huge plus: all the yeast that was in it, died at high temperature, and the moisture evaporated, and the fermentation process became absolutely impossible. By and large, biscuits are obtained, the benefits of which were mentioned above.

About the most useful

All nutritionists unanimously say that the most useful flour product is one that is made from the hardest varieties of wheat. It was such a dietary bread in ancient times cooked in monasteries and took with them to military campaigns. Flour product made of durum wheat is certainly very useful, it contains a large number of all kinds of vitamins, besides it is very nutritious and useful for the body as a whole. But the modern buyer does not always make a choice in favor of this variety of bread.

Homemade cooking of unleavened bread

Homemade bread in the oven is a simple and very useful type of baking. Most of the bakery products that are found in our stores contain a certain amount of fungal yeast. Starting from this fact, when preparing a yeast-free product it will be necessary to refer to the ancient recipes used by our distant ancestors.

The simplest recipe: a glass of water, 2.5 glasses of flour, 1 teaspoon of salt with a slide. From the products, a fresh dough is kneaded and thick pan cakes are fried in a frying pan. If the water is replaced with kefir and add 1.5 teaspoons of soda, then you get real unleavened bread. It's even more delicious to knead the dough with kefir leaven. To make it, you need to add kefir flour to the consistency of liquid sour cream and put it on a warm place for a day. After adding more flour, so that the leaven becomes like a thick sour cream, gently mix and return to a warm place. After 3-4 hours, large bubbles will appear on the surface - this is a signal that it is time to knead the dough. For mixing, you need 400 grams of sifted flour, 400 grams of starter, 200 g of warm water, 1 teaspoon of salt, 2 tablespoons of sunflower oil, 2 tablespoons of sugar. All the well mix and leave in a warm place, covered with a white towel. After 3 hours, gently toss the dough into greased forms, leave for another hour, then send it to a preheated oven. Bake at 200 ° C.

The supply of such a flour product to the table can be carried out together with the first or second dish in a hot form. Such hot bread does not harm the body precisely due to the fact that it does not contain yeast.

Sandwich bread

In addition to those types of flour products that we have known since childhood, on the shelves a special bread for toasts appeared relatively recently. This kind of product is sometimes called porous, because it is very airy and soft. It is sold already cut into pieces for the preparation of toasts and, as a rule, is hermetically sealed. Such bread is very convenient for making various sandwiches or toasting in a toaster. Also from it you get delicious crackers.

Rye bread and its calorie content

The most popular bread after the traditional white is black or rye. He entered our life not so long ago, but he already had many admirers. This was due to the fact that white causes many people problems with excess weight and digestion. Also, rye products are able to remain much more suitable for food and less subject to negative influence of external factors.

If you count the calories in black bread, it turns out that they are much smaller than in white. In 100 grams of this flour product contains only 214 kcal. This played a major role in his growing popularity. Calories in black bread are much smaller than in white.

The most popular black flour product in Russia is Borodino bread with centuries of history. Traditional Borodinsky has a sweetish taste with a aftertaste of spices. But modern bakers make some changes to the traditional recipe, thanks to which this bread can be found in different versions.

Sweet bread

In addition to ordinary bread intended for eating with main courses, there is also the so-called sweet, which is great for tea or preparing sandwiches with butter. In this kind of flour products add raisins, dried apricots and a lot of spices. Sweet bread has an original, very pleasant taste, but there is very little real benefit from it. It is high-calorie, prepared with the addition of a large amount of yeast.

Tastes differ

As we found out, there are a huge number of types of bread for almost every taste. Each of them has pluses and minuses, but it still tastes good. What bread to buy, depends only on your taste and goals that you pursue. Bon Appetit!

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