Dictation is a special kind of control of student knowledge

Dictation is a kind of control that is familiar to every student. Its implementation causes a lot of difficulties, excitement. In most cases, children receive unsatisfactory evaluation. How to properly prepare for the dictation? What kinds of written control can the teacher offer in this form? How to help your child cope with anxiety and the difficulties that arise in the control work?

Types of dictations in Russian

Teachers and methodologists call several types of written works that can check the knowledge available or help prevent possible mistakes that students will allow. Among the main types that are used in the lessons are the following:

  1. Vocabulary.
  2. Grammatical.
  3. Commented.
  4. Free.
  5. Creative.
  6. Control.
  7. Visual.

What are the characteristics of each type of dictation? What goals does the teacher pursue when choosing a particular dictation in Russian? About this and talk further.

Vocabulary dictation

In some techniques, this species can still be called "Unmistakable", "Check yourself", "Letter with the omission of letters". The main task of this kind is to prevent the possibility of writing errors during the control dictation. The student not only shows his knowledge or ignorance in orthographs, but also gives the teacher the opportunity to plan further work on mistakes, fixing the studied material, and working on the additional spelling of words that need to be memorized.

Grammatical dictation

It can be preventative, preventive-control, preparatory. The main task of this dictation is the repetition of the learned orthograms, the ability to find them in words, highlight, pick up test words, explain the rules. This type of work is used in lessons during the consolidation of the studied material. After analyzing the written by the students, the teacher will be able to correct the homework, help the weak children, explaining the material again.

Commented on

A commented dictation is a unique opportunity to perform an exercise. He helps the weak students to cope with the task. This kind of work is chosen by teachers in junior classes. It enables the teacher to control the writing of the exercise, correct errors immediately, and focus on the learned orthograms or punctuations.


Creative dictation is the opportunity for students to show their knowledge, and the teacher to diversify the lesson. The assignments on this dictation are always interesting, the students can add to the meaning of the text they hear, developing skills in spelling and grammar. Writing dictation with the use of their knowledge makes it possible to develop logical thinking, creativity during the lesson.


Visual dictation in the Russian language - this is the basis for the formation of literacy and the ability to write off the read. Such controls are mandatory for primary school children. Using the visual dictation, the teacher can see how quickly and correctly the child transfers information from the book to the notebook, how he learned and uses printed and manuscript letters. Parents should also pay special attention to this type of dictation. At home it is extremely important to teach the child to write off the text correctly, correct it, find errors in the records.


This dictation contains a text that is unfamiliar to the student, in which words and sentences are used with learned orthograms and punctuation. The main task of the student is to listen to the text and record it in the notebook without errors. It is this kind of control that causes the most problems. The main reason for this phenomenon is the ignoring of the study of rules in school and at home. If the student does not study systematically studied orthograms and punctograms in the lesson, then there can not be high results in control.

How to help a child to write correctly what he has heard?

Teach the student to hear and listen - the main task of the teacher and parent. Experienced teachers give advice. Observing them, students will be able to write dictations and show good results:

  • The text should be carefully listened from beginning to end.
  • When the proposal is dictated, it should be examined, it is possible to allocate places for possible punctuation marks and complex orthograms.
  • It is necessary to listen carefully to each fragment of the phrase and memorize it.
  • Check the recording of each sentence, listening to the teacher, his pronunciation and logical stresses.

Dictation is not only an opportunity to control the student's knowledge, but also adjustment, assistance in learning new material. Properly planned systematic work of the teacher with various kinds will help the student to always have high results, be literate and confident.

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