Chorion biopsy: the nature and characteristics of this survey

Chorion biopsy is a study that can detect congenital and hereditary pathologies in the early stages of pregnancy. With it, samples of the chorion are taken, which subsequently forms the placenta.

It is worth noting that no manipulation of the fetus is carried out, so a chorionic biopsy is considered safe enough. After the procedure, the risk of developing spontaneous abortion is only 2%. This study gives accurate results, but it is painful and can cause a severe malaise of a pregnant woman, therefore it is carried out strictly according to indications. At the same time, very little time is spent, and the results are ready in 3-4 days.

There are 2 main types of this manipulation:

• Vaginal chorionic villus biopsy - is performed between 8 and 12 weeks of gestation. Under the control of ultrasound through the vagina, a special instrument is inserted into the uterus, which is placed between the endometrium and the chorion (it is the fruit membrane). At the given manipulation villi on a chorion are cut off or sucked. Later they are subject to laboratory research. This procedure is absolutely painless.

• Abdominal biopsy of villi chorion - is done between 9 and 11 weeks of pregnancy. Sometimes this manipulation can be used in the second and third trimester, because it allows you to quickly get results, especially in cases when there is little amniotic fluid, so amniopuncture is impossible. To carry out manipulation, the patient lies on her back. The doctor uses the ultrasound machine to determine the position of the placenta, the uterine walls, and also find out the future of the safe puncture site. To take the necessary material with one needle, a puncture of the abdominal and uterine walls is performed, the other - a sample of cells is taken for further investigation. It is worth noting that the puncture site is necessarily treated with a local anesthetic with good analgesic properties.

Chorionic biopsy is most often prescribed to pregnant women, who have a higher risk of having a child with genetic disorders, although any woman can undergo this examination if she wants to, during the gestation period.

What pathologies can be detected with this diagnostic technique? This is primarily Down's syndrome, Trisomy 13 and 18 chromosome, Turner's syndrome, cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia, as well as Klinefelter's syndrome. In addition, a chorion biopsy can detect about 100 more chromosomal and genetic abnormalities.

It is worth noting the important advantage of this diagnosis - it can be used much earlier than amniocentesis (already at the 10th week of pregnancy). In addition, the results can be obtained fairly quickly - in most cases in the first week after the survey.

I must say that a chorionic biopsy can also reveal placental mosaicism, when some cells have a normal chromosomal set, while others have formed with certain anomalies.

After examination, spotting spots and cramping pains in the abdomen may appear. Also, amniotic fluid (in a small amount) can be released from the vagina. If any unusual symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor who is pregnant.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 Theme powered by WordPress.