Charles Dickens is without a doubt the most popular English writer of the 19th century, who gained a great love of readers during his lifetime. He rightly takes the leading place among the classics of world literature.
Charles Dickens, whose brief biography is presented in this article, was born in 1812 in Landport. His parents were John and Elizabeth Dickens. Charles was the second child of eight children in the family.
His father worked at the naval base of the Royal Navy, but was not a hard worker, but an official. In 1815 he was transferred to London, where he moved with the whole family. However, they did not live long in the capital. Two years later Chatham awaited them.
Because of the excessive costs that do not correspond to the family's wealth, John Dickens was sent to a debt prison in 1824, where his wife and children joined him on weekends. He was fortunate enough, because in a few months he received an inheritance and was able to pay off his debts.
John was awarded a pension in the Admiralty and, in addition, the salary of the reporter, whom he worked part time in one of the newspapers.
Childhood and youth
Charles Dickens, whose biography is interesting to literature lovers, studied at the school in Chatham. Because of his father, he had to go to work early. It was a factory for the production of vaccines, where the boy was paid six shillings a week.
After the release of his father from prison, Charles remained in his service at the insistence of his mother. In addition, he began to attend the Wellington Academy, which he graduated in 1827.
In May of the same year, Charles Dickens got a job as a junior clerk in law firm, and after a year and a half, having mastered the shorthand, he began to work as a free reporter.
In 1830 he was invited to the Moning Chronicle.
The audience immediately accepted a novice reporter. His notes attracted the attention of many.
In 1836, the first literary experiments of the writer were published - the manuscript "Sketches of Boz".
He mainly wrote about the petty bourgeoisie, its interests and the state of affairs, painted literary portraits of Londoners and psychological sketches.
It must be said that Charles Dickens, whose brief biography does not allow him to cover all the details of his life, began to publish his novels in newspapers by separate chapters.
"Posthumous notes of the Pickwick Club"
The novel began to be published in 1836. As the new chapters appeared, the readership of the writer only grew.
In this book, Charles Dickens shows old England from various angles. In the center of attention - good-natured eccentric Mr. Pickwick, whose name was eventually a household name.
Members travel to England and observe the temperaments of different people, often themselves getting into ridiculous and ridiculous situations.
The creation of the novel is a separate and interesting chapter. Dickens received a proposal once a month to compose a short story, corresponding to one of the engravings of the artist Robert Seymour. The writer was dissuaded from this idea, but he felt as if he was creating something great.
The early suicide of Seymour changed everything. The editors had to find a new artist. He became Phiz, who later was an illustrator of many works of Dickens. Now not a writer, but the artist was in the background, drawing pictures that correspond to the text.
Roman made an incredible sensation. The names of the heroes immediately began to be called dogs, give nicknames, wear hats and umbrellas like Pickwick.
Charles Dickens, whose biography is known to every resident of the Misty Albion, made the whole of England laugh. But this served him as an aid to solving more serious problems.
His next work was the novel "The Life and Adventures of Oliver Twist." It is difficult now to imagine a person who does not know the history of the orphan Oliver from the London slums.
Charles Dickens portrayed a wide social picture in his novel, touching on the problem of workhouses and showing in contrast to the life of the wealthy bourgeois.
In 1843, the "Christmas Song" appeared, which became one of the most popular and widely read stories about this magical holiday.
In 1848, the novel "Dombey and Son", which is called the best in the writer's work, is published.
His next work is "David Copperfield." To some extent, the novel is autobiographical. Dickens introduces into the work a spirit of protest against capitalist England, the old foundations of morality.
Charles Dickens, whose works are compulsorily present on the shelf of every Englishman, in recent years has written exclusively social novels. For example, "Hard times". The historical work "A Tale of Two Cities" allowed the writer to express his views on the French Revolution.
The novel "Our mutual friend" attracts with its multifacetedness, in it the writer rests from social themes. And it is here that his manner of writing changes. It continues to transform and in the following works of the author, unfortunately, not finished.
The life of Charles Dickens was extraordinary. The writer died in 1870 from a stroke.
Dickens claimed that he sees and hears the characters of his works. They, in turn, are constantly confused under their feet, do not want the writer to do anything other than them.
Charles very often fell into a trance, which his comrades often noticed. He was constantly haunted by the feeling of deja vu.
Since 1836, the writer was married to Catherine Hogarth. The couple had eight children. From the side of their marriage seemed happy, but Dickens was depressed by ridiculous quarrels with his wife, experiences for painful children.
In 1857, he fell in love with actress Ellen Ternan, whom he met until his death. Of course, it was a secret relationship. Contemporaries called Ellen "an invisible woman."